The Miscegenation Hoax

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Shortly before Christmas, 1863, a 72-page pamphlet appeared for sale on newsstands in New York City. It cost a quarter and was titled Miscegenation: The Theory of the Blending of the Races, Applied to the American White Man and Negro.

The pamphlet opened with an explanation of its title. ‘miscegenation‘ was a word that the author of the pamphlet had coined, and so he explained that he had invented it by combining two latin words: miscere (to mix) and genus (race). He intended the term to describe a blending, or mixing of different races, thus replacing the word ‘amalgamation‘ which was used at that time to describe interracial unions, but which he felt did not sound scientific enough.

The pamphlet went on to expound a social philosophy which, by modern standards, sounds extremely enlightened, but which by the racist standards of 1863 was highly inflammatory. He wanted to promote the practice of miscegenation. In other words, he wanted to encourage white and black people to have children with each other. The author wrote:

The miscegenetic or mixed races are much superior, mentally, physically, and morally to those pure or unmixed,” the author proclaimed. Furthermore, he argued, the strength of the American nation stemmed “not from its Anglo-Saxon progenitors, but from all the different nationalities … All that is needed to make us the finest race on earth is to engraft upon our stock the negro element.

After delineating the benefits to be attained by uniting the races, the author turned his attention to the Civil War that was then raging, and he argued that miscegenation should be a central goal of the war effort:

It is idle to maintain that this present war is not a war for the negro … It is a war, if you please, of amalgamation … a war looking, as its final fruit, to the blending of the white and black… Let the war go on… until church, and state, and society recognize not only the propriety but the necessity of the fusion of the white and black—in short, until the great truth shall be declared in our public documents and announced in the messages of our Presidents, that it is desirable the white man should marry the black woman and the white woman the black man.

The pamphlet ended by suggesting that Lincoln should add a miscegenation plank to the Republican party platform (the presidential election was approaching in November 1864), and that he should proclaim that “the solution of the negro problem will not have been reached in this country until public opinion sanctions a union of the two races… that in the millennial future, the most perfect and highest type of manhood will not be white or black but brown, or colored, and that whoever helps to unite the various races of man, helps to make the human family the sooner realize its great destiny.”

The Pamphlet Provokes Controversy

Lucretia MottThe author of this pamphlet had mailed out complimentary copies of this tract to prominent anti-slavery leaders, such as Lucretia Mott and the Grimké Sisters, requesting their opinion about the work. Their replies came back by mid-January 1864, and they were all generally favorable, expressing admiration for the pamphlet’s liberalism, but also urging the author demonstrate more caution. The Grimke sisters, for instance, wrote that they admired the pamphlet’s principles, but they had grave doubts about the expediency of making miscegenation an issue in Republican politics.

Samuel Sullivan Cox, Democratic Congressman

By February 1864 the pamphlet was being advertised for sale in abolitionist papers. But on February 17, a Democratic congressman named Samuel S. Cox delivered a speech in Congress denouncing the pamphlet and claiming it represented the kind of social philosophy embraced by his Republican colleagues. Somehow Cox had been supplied with the favorable abolitionist reviews of the pamphlet, even though these had been mailed back directly to the anonymous author of the pamphlet, and he quoted from these liberally, heaping scorn upon these liberal thinkers.

Cox’s speech was widely reprinted in the Democratic press, and it prompted a reply on March 16 from arch-Republican Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune. In an editorial Greeley declared, somewhat ambiguously, that while he did not want to actually promote interracial marriage, he felt the issue was no one’s business but the marrying couple’s themselves.

The Democratic press took this statement and ran with it, wildly exaggerating what Greeley had said in their attempt to paint their Republican enemies as promoters of miscegenation. The Democratic New York World, for instance, declared that it wanted to “call attention to the fact that the leading Republican journal of the country is the unblushing advocate of ‘miscegenation,’ which it ranks with the highest questions of social and political philosophy.”

Soon charges and counter-charges were flying back and forth between the Republican and Democratic papers. One Democratic paper, the New Hampshire Patriot, wrote an article titled “Sixty-Four Miscegenation,” in which it claimed (falsely) that 64 abolitionist school-mistresses in New England had given birth to mulatto babies. The Democratic papers spread this story far and wide.

Black LondonThroughout the summer the Democratic press kept up its attempt to depict Republicans as promoters of miscegenation. By doing so, it hoped to appeal to the racism of white, working class communities, and thus convince them to vote against Lincoln in the upcoming election.

The Republicans and the abolitionists realized exactly what was going on. William Lloyd Garrison, editor of the abolitionist paper, the Liberator, wrote that there was a “certain class of people, seeking to bring opprobrium upon Republicans and Union men,” by accusing them of “advocating what is termed ‘miscegenation.'”

As the election neared the Democrats intensified their attack. They circulated pamphlets in the working-class districts of New York City with titles such as “Miscegenation and the Republican Party,” and “The Miscegenation Record of the Republican Party.” They also began to portray Lincoln as a supporter of miscegenation, claiming he desired the “amalgamation of the white working classes with Negroes.”

The Hoax Exposed

On November 1, a London paper that had Democratic sympathies, the Morning Herald, printed on its front page a letter it had received from an American correspondent. It gave the letter the headline:

“THE GREAT HOAX OF THE DAY! The Great Miscegenation Pamphlet Exposed—The ‘Moon Hoax’ in the Shade—Who Wrote the Book—How it came into Notice—Letters of Endorsement from Leading Progressives.”

The letter revealed that the Miscegenation pamphlet had not been written by a Republican abolitionist. Instead it had been written by a couple of Democratic newspapermen who had penned the pamphlet, and then circulated it as a way to insert the inflammatory issue of miscegenation into the presidential election. The correspondent declared that the authors of the pamphlet would never be discovered, but looked forward to the moment when the exposé reached the States because, he predicted, the Republicans would look like fools for not having recognized the pamphlet’s satirical intent.

History News NetworkIt took three weeks for the London article to get back across the Atlantic to America, so that it was two weeks after the election when the Democratic New York World exposed the Miscegenation hoax on its front page. It declared that the Miscegenation pamphlet, which had been conceived as a satire, had been “received as a sermon” by the abolitionists.

However, the joke was on the Democrats, for despite their efforts to turn the working-class public against the Republicans, they lost the election. The Republicans, glowing from their decisive victory in the polls, ignored the exposure of the miscegenation hoax.

Identity of the Author

The correspondent to the London Morning Herald had predicted no one would ever know who had authored the Miscegenation pamphlet, but this turned out not to be true. Six years later George Wakeman, a reporter for the Democratic New York World, died, and in his obituary the World stated that “His humor on paper was conspicuous in the celebrated Miscegenation hoax, of which he was part author.”

David Goodman Croly

David Goodman Croly was an American journalist, born in Ireland and educated at New York University. He was associated with the Evening Post and the Herald, & then became an editor and subsequently the managing editor of the World.

At the turn of the century the main author of the hoax was revealed. It turned out to be another New York World reporter named David Goodman Croly. Croly was a prominent newspaperman, editor, and futurologist. His wife, Jane Cunningham, who revealed his part in the hoax, was a well-known feminist.

Apparently these two New York World reporters had not only sent complimentary copies of the Miscegenation pamphlet to abolitionist leaders, they had also sent a copy to President Lincoln with a note attached that read, “I hereby transmit a copy of my work on ‘Miscegenation’ in the hope that after you have perused it, you will graciously permit me to dedicate to you another work on a kindred subject… I am tempted to make this request from the various measures of your administration looking to the recognition of the great doctrine of human brotherhood, and from your speech to the New York workingmen, in which you recognize the social and political equality of the white and colored laborer.”

Lincoln never responded to this letter. Thus the Democrats failed to get what they really had hoped for, a presidential endorsement of miscegenation.

The New York World, from which the Miscegenation pamphlet had sprung, was itself a fairly unsuccessful paper. It lost money steadily until 1883, when it was bought out by Joseph Pulitzer.

Meanwhile, the word ‘miscegenation,’ coined in the 1863 pamphlet, endured and is still in use today.

Related:

Miscegenation

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Mixed Race Studies » David Goodman Croly

“Miscegenation”: Making Race in America

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116 MISCEGENATION. any idol or prejudice of theirs … – JStor

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Miscegenation by Natasha Trethewey : The Poetry Foundation

Pocahontas and Miscegenation

Bush-Clinton Mafia Dynasties

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Bush CintonIf a space or a time traveler would set his time ship’s dial to 2015, with the United States as its destination, one could think that a mandatory preparation for the journey to understand the US’ political system would be an attentive study of the Constitution. After all, the document, drafted in 1787 by the so-called founding fathers and finally ratified three later in 1790 in its original form, is supposed to be the foundation of the US’ political edifice. Two hundred and twenty-five years later, the document has been so thoroughly gutted of its substantial original merits, at least in its spirit if not its letter, that the foundation of the building has become a superfluous architectural ornament. While the US Constitution was far from being revolutionary and granted equal rights only to white male landowners, it marked, in conjunction with the French revolution of 1789, a resolute break from the European kingdoms. No king or queen could ever claim this land again, under any circumstance. A republic, ruled by a meritocracy (government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability)of well-educated Anglo-Saxon patrician men, was born. Since 190 years after the US Constitution’s ratification, however, which is exactly since 1980, the country has been ruled by two dynasties or their surrogates: the Bushes and the Clintons.

American royal mafia and co: organized crime as political model 

To understand the undemocratic and extremely seedy side of  US modern-day politics, it would be imperative for our time traveler, de Tocqueville in training, to watch two classics of American cinema: “The Godfather” and “The Godfather Part II”. Director Francis Ford Coppola, in his fictional, yet extremely well-researched and documented films, invited us inside the US’ underbelly. During the 19th century and up to the early 20th century, massive numbers of poor immigrants, mainly Italians, Irish and Jews from eastern Europe, were lured to the Americas largely to escape economic hardship. Those who landed in the US quickly understood that they were excluded from or at best marginalized in this promised land run by white Anglo-Saxon Protestants. The more ambitious ones, unencumbered by moral boundaries, developed their own form of government and social code of conduct in the form of a tightly knit family-like structure that usually strictly followed ethnic lines. The birth of organized crime in the US, either Italian, Jewish or Irish, was a direct consequence of the fight for survival of communities that were deliberately excluded from power or even any political discourse.

Mafia families

Mafia families had a strictly enforced code of conduct and precise hierarchy, with a don (boss) at the top; a consiglierie (adviser to the head of the family) directly picked by the don; an under boss who was usually groomed to be the don’s successor; capos (the lieutenants), and “soldiers”. In the 1930s, under the supervision of Lucky Luciano, the don of all dons, not only the five Italian mafia families worked together, but they also collaborated on many occasions with the Jewish and Irish mafia. In this parallel brand of power and economy, mafia families extracted contributions (a primitive form of taxation of usually 10 percent of income) from businesses, ironically to protect them from random criminal activity. By the mid-1930s mafia families controlled large sections of the US economy. The prohibition of alcoholic beverages, which spanned from 1920 to 1933, marked the apogee of the mafia families, either Italian, Jewish or Irish. The mob controlled the flow of  liquor, and Americans were thirsty.

8734794739_9e2ca9a1b7_kDuring the prohibition era, Joe Kennedy (father of John F. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy), the patriarch of a family that passed for being true US aristocracy although he had been the grandson of a dirt-poor potato-famine Irish immigrant, substantially increased his vast fortune by importing, from the UK and Canada, and selling illicit liquor in association with Italian-American don Frank Costello and Jewish gangster Meyer Lansky. Joe Kennedy had an edge on the competition: he went into the prohibition era in 1920 with large stocks of booze from his father’s own stores. In what cannot be a coincidence, on the day prohibition ended 13 years later, Joe Kennedy had three exclusive deals to import British whiskey and gin, as well as an extensive network of retailers already in place. Kennedy understood that his political ambitions for his sons would require vast amounts of money. Like any mafia bosses, don Joe Kennedy wanted to start a dynasty at any cost and regardless of moral or even legal considerations. In the US, money meant power, and this notion was the motto for both supposed blue-blood patriarch Kennedy and don Lucky Luciano.

3177974664_55a0452d39_oBush mafia vs Clinton mafia: Defining US politics from 1980 to 2016

Arguably, the first term of George H. Bush, founder of the Bush dynasty, started in 1980 when he officially became Vice President or, to use the mafia term, super under boss to Ronald Reagan, an aging actor, perhaps already senile, hired to perform the role of  global don: “Leader of the free world” and most powerful man on earth, according to US mainstream media propaganda. Bush Sr. had previously run the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). During the two terms of the Reagan administration (1980 to 1988), it was common knowledge that Bush Sr was the boss who led US policy. He officially became the don in 1988, and ran his own operation with pretty much the same crew until 1992. James Baker was the key consigliere (adviser) to don Bush Sr, but he also listened closely to the Talleyrand of US politics, consigliere extraordinaire Henry Kissinger. Bush Sr’s under boss was Donald Rumsfeld who picked his capo in the person of Dick Cheney. George W. Bush or Bush Jr, when his turn came, kept most of the old don’s crew with some minor changes and additions. Cheney became the under boss, while Rumsfeld took the vital Pentagon portfolio.

3957058567_5fc579b737_o-2Before George W. Bush’s turn, the Clinton dynasty came along in 1992, courtesy of WallMart, and with the firm intention, as an obligation to their sponsors, to facilitate a global corporate imperialist agenda. With the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), don Bill Clinton went the extra mile for the benefit of his friends in transnational corporations. Bill Clinton became a favorite of Wall Street’s investment banks, such as Goldman Sachs, by being instrumental in the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act which was voted in 1933 during the Great Depression in the aftermath of the 1929 Wall Street crash. The Glass-Steagall Act limited commercial banks securities activities, and it clearly separated commercial banking from investment banking, to curtail speculation. The repeal of this Act allowed Wall Street investment banks to gamble money that was held in commercial banks, and this was arguably one of the lead systemic factors in the 2008 global financial-market crash.

3182761422_ed69fa061b_oDon Clinton’s consigliere was mainly first-lady Hillary, but he also took the advice of the other super-consigliere besides Kissinger: Polish-born Zbigniew Brzezinski. Consigliere Brzezinski started his career in 1966 when he advised Lyndon B. Johnson. He returned in the late 1970s to advise Jimmy Carter. When he was Carter’s consigliere, Brzezinski came up with the idea to finance and arm the Mujahideen in Afghanistan to fight the Soviet Union. Don Clinton’s under boss was Leon Panetta, and the lead capo was Rahm Emanuel. When dona Hillary Clinton lost what she viewed as being her turn in the driver’s seat, both the Clinton and Bush mafias made sure that young capo Barack Obama, who had not patiently waited for his turn in the limelight, was surrounded by trusted hands. One can imagine the deal imposed on Obama by Bill and Dick. The Bush mafia would keep the Pentagon for the time being; Hillary would run US foreign policy from the State Department; don Bill’s under boss Leon Panetta would become Obama’s CIA director (2009 to 2011) and boss of the Pentagon (2011 to 2013). Clinton’s trusted lead capo Rahm Emanuel became Obama’s under boss. Don Bill did not stay idle after the 2008 election; he became Obama’s lead consigliere, with the occasional help on geopolitical dossiers such as Ukraine from… Brzezinski, of course. The 88-year-old anti-Russian Democrat uber-consigliere’s latest contribution has been to bring back the Cold War into international affairs. Bill Clinton’s main task was to replenish the family coffers through the Clinton Global Initiative, a fund raising operation disguised as being humanitarian. After the 2010 earthquake, Haiti became don Bill’s pet project and personal fiefdom.

Is there anyway off this sinister merry go round?

By now, our time-traveler hero realizes that the premise of the upcoming 2016 US presidential  election “fight” is already set. It will be a rematch of an old time classic: Bush against Clinton, dona Hillary versus don Jeb. For good measure, and to give American consumers of elections a sense that their democracy is not an illusion, there will be unelectable challengers in the fake primaries. This will be strictly for entertainment purposes and to indulge the so-called American left. On a short list of likely seat warmers for Hillary are Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders, perhaps even Joe Biden. On the Bush side of the ring, the supposed primary challengers will be harder to find: perhaps Mitt Romney again or phony Libertarian Rand Paul. But let us listen to what consigliere extraordinaire Henry Kissinger recently said on the issue; after all, he has advised more US presidents than anyone else alive. In a September 6, 2014 interview with NPR‘s Scott Simon, when asked if Hillary Clinton would make a good president, Kissinger said: “I know Hillary as a person, and as a personal friend. I would say, yes she would be a good president. But that would put me under a great conflict of interest if she were a candidate, because I intend to support the Republicans…. Yes I would be comfortable with her as a president.” Our time traveler, de Tocqueville in training, is dazed, confused and disgusted by what the US has grown into: the sort of charade that notions like democracy, the common good and morality have become in this display of vile and raw power for power’s sake.

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Related:

SNOW JOB: THE CIA, COCAINE, AND BILL CLINTON

Dynasties Merry-Go-Round

Six things to know about the new …

Talleyrand: As with whist, so with politics | The Economist

 

 

Is the era of human male domination ending?

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Gender EqualityWill modern culture welcome the dawn of a new gender equality?

Since life began, males have been a sort of addendum. The earliest organisms were, in a real sense, female—producing new individuals from their own bodies.

In our species, culture, more than genes, has shaped gender roles. For at least 90 percent of human history, we lived in small seminomadic bands where decisions were made around the fire. Studies of extant hunter-gatherers show that men could not exclude women even if they wanted to.

But when our nomadic ancestors settled down, agriculture blossomed, and face-to-face life yielded to hierarchies, armies, priesthoods, and separate private and public spheres. Now women were excluded, oppressed, and drawn or dragged toward strongmen who had multiple wives and concubines. This was the human story for 12,000 years, and a mere two millennia of nominal monogamy hasn’t budged gender inequity much.

clone yourself1The shortened life span of men, higher mortality at all ages, an inability to reproduce, premature hair loss, and brain defects vari­ously resulting in attention deficit, hyperactivity, conduct disorder, hypersexuality, and an enormous excess of both outward and self-directed aggression. The main physiological mechanism is androgen poisoning, although there may be others. I call it the X chromosome deficiency syndrome, and a stunning 49 percent of the human spe­cies is affected.

When you make new life on your own, you basically clone yourself, and ultimately lots of your offspring and relatives have the same genes. Create males, and in due course there is much more variation. Mate with a male that’s a bit different from you, and you produce a creature different from both of you. Meanwhile, you export the fiercest part of the competition. Women do the reproducing (except for his donation), so he can duke it out with the other males and they can evolve faster. Your daughters inherit the varia­tion, and they compete and evolve, too.

Women, of course, compete as well, against men and among themselves, also with skills honed over eons. But the need to repro­duce, with all its risk and cost, has kept them relatively levelheaded and dubious of men’s schemes. For most of the history of sexual reproduction, females have often stood by while males fought over them, physically or otherwise. They know that they won’t always be able to tell a lifelong pal from a sperm donor, and in many spe­cies one good sperm is all they want. But they, too, have to repro­duce, and that means tolerating uncertainty and being prepared for contingencies. For us humans, the trouble is that men’s competitive antics and untold ages of imposing their will on women have created a world in peril from their rivalries.

Women have always had to struggle for equality, even in the small hunter-gatherer bands we evolved in. Yet with further cultural evo­lution, it got worse. With the rise of what we like to call civiliza­tion, men’s superior muscle fostered a vast military, economic, and political conspiracy, enabling them to exclude women from leading roles. Jealousy of women’s power to give sex—and, more impor­tantly, to give life—led men to build worlds upon and against them for millennia. Or as Camille Paglia put it in Sexual Personae, “Male bonding and patriarchy were the recourse to which man was forced by his terrible sense of woman’s power.”

male aggression Appealing myths about Amazons are just that: myths. Only women whose fathers, sons, or husbands gave them the scepters of power could wield it, and then only temporarily. Even in matrilineal society, men had most of the power. The result was ten millennia in which we squandered half of the best talent in the human race. Brawn mattered for those one hundred centuries, but in spite of their greater strength, men had to make laws to suppress women, because on a truly level playing field, women were destined to compete successfully and very often win.

That is the meaning of the quote of Simone de Beauvoir: “The problem of woman has always been a problem of men, but it marks the place in history where an enlightenment begins.”  Although I don’t agree with her that all differences between men and women are culturally determined, I fully accept that the majority of the differences we have seen throughout history are caused by male supremacy and the subordination of women. History is written by the victors, and the victors in the battle between the sexes have for many centuries been males; of course they have defined women downward and have invented and promulgated an “essential” inferiority of women as a part of femininity itself. That is the part that is not at all inherent in biology; rather, it is, literally, a man-made myth.

male egoBut millennial male dominance is about to come to an end. Glass ceilings are splintering into countless shards of light, and women are climbing male power pyramids in every domain of life. Even in the world’s most sexist societies, women and girls form a fundamentally subversive group that, as communications technology shows them other women’s freedoms, will undermine age-old male conceit and give them the sway of the majority.

The freer and more educated girls and women become, the fewer children they have; men are proven obstacles to family planning. Even in the poorest lands, the increasing availability of women’s suffrage, health services, microloans, and savings programs, is giv­ing them control over their destinies. As soon as that happens, they reduce the size and poverty of their families. It becomes clearer every year that the best way to spend an aid dollar in the develop­ing world is to educate and empower women and girls. The conse­quences are manifold.

Replacing quantity with quality in childbearing will not save just women, or even just struggling, impoverished countries. It could save the planet and make it habitable for our species. It will greatly reduce the necessity for violence of all kinds, as it has already begun to do. Male domination has outlived any purpose it may once have had. Perhaps it played some role in our success as a species so far, but now it is an obstacle. Empowering women is the next step in human evolution, and as the uniquely endowed creatures we are, we can choose to help bring it about.

androgens and estrogensBut that is changing. As the value of males’ brute strength wanes, technology is leading us back to our fairly egalitarian hunter-gatherer origins. In the modern world women are seen as superior. They have longer lives and fewer deaths at all ages; very few X-linked genetic problems; much lower susceptibility to autism, attention deficit, hyperactivity, and conduct disorders; and they are far less violent and sexually voracious—male bents that have led our species astray for thousands of years. In business and politics, women are better cooperators, less conflict-prone, a lot less likely to let sex interfere with their work, and much better at getting their own egos out of the way.

Related:

Androgens shape the male brain in utero, and the behavioral effects are lifelong. In 1869, suffragist leader Elizabeth Cady Stanton said, “The male element is a destructive force, stern, selfish, aggrandizing, loving war, violence, conquest, acquisition, breeding in the material and moral world alike discord, disorder, disease, and death. See what a record of blood and cruelty the pages of history reveal! Through what slavery, slaughter, and sacrifice, through what inquisitions and imprisonments, pains and persecutions, black codes and gloomy creeds, the soul of humanity has struggled for the centuries, while mercy has veiled her face and all hearts have been dead alike to love and hope!

The male element has held high carnival thus far; it has fairly run riot from the beginning, overpowering the feminine element everywhere, crushing out all the diviner qualities in human nature, until we know but little of true manhood and womanhood, of the latter comparatively nothing, for it has scarce been recognized as a power until within the last century. Society is but the reflection of man himself, untempered by woman’s thought; the hard iron rule we feel alike in the church, the state, and the home. No one need wonder at the disorganization, at the fragmentary condition of everything, when we remember that man, who represents but half a complete being, with but half an idea on every subject, has undertaken the absolute control of all sublunary matters.

People object to the demands of those whom they choose to call the strong-minded, because they say ‘the right of suffrage will make the women masculine.’ That is just the difficulty in which we are involved today. Though disfranchised, we have few women in the best sense; we have simply so many reflections, varieties, and dilutions of the masculine gender. The strong, natural characteristics of womanhood are repressed and ignored in dependence, for so long as man feeds woman she will try to please the giver and adapt herself to his condition. To keep a foothold in society, woman must be as near like man as possible, reflect his ideas, opinions, virtues, motives, prejudices, and vices. She must respect his statutes, though they strip her of every inalienable right, and conflict with that higher law written by the finger of God on her own soul.

She must look at everything from its dollar-and-cent point of view, or she is a mere romancer. She must accept things as they are and make the best of them. To mourn over the miseries of others, the poverty of the poor, their hardships in jails, prisons, asylums, the horrors of war, cruelty, and brutality in every form, all this would be mere sentimentalizing. To protest against the intrigue, bribery, and corruption of public life, to desire that her sons might follow some business that did not involve lying, cheating, and a hard, grinding selfishness, would be arrant nonsense.

In this way man has been molding woman to his ideas by direct and positive influences, while she, if not a negation, has used indirect means to control him, and in most cases developed the very characteristics both in him and herself that needed repression. And now man himself stands appalled at the results of his own excesses, and mourns in bitterness that falsehood, selfishness, and violence are the law of life. The need of this hour is not territory, gold mines, railroads, or specie payments but a new evangel of womanhood, to exalt purity, virtue, morality, true religion, to lift man up into the higher realms of thought and action.

We ask woman’s enfranchisement, as the first step toward the recognition of that essential element in government that can only secure the health, strength, and prosperity of the nation. Whatever is done to lift woman to her true position will help to usher in a new day of peace and perfection for the race.

In speaking of the masculine element, I do not wish to be understood to say that all men are hard, selfish, and brutal, for many of the most beautiful spirits the world has known have been clothed with manhood; but I refer to those characteristics, though often marked in woman, that distinguish what is called the stronger sex. For example, the love of acquisition and conquest, the very pioneers of civilization, when expended on the earth, the sea, the elements, the riches and forces of nature, are powers of destruction when used to subjugate one man to another or to sacrifice nations to ambition.

Here that great conservator of woman’s love, if permitted to assert itself, as it naturally would in freedom against oppression, violence, and war, would hold all these destructive forces in check, for woman knows the cost of life better than man does, and not with her consent would one drop of blood ever be shed, one life sacrificed in vain.

With violence and disturbance in the natural world, we see a constant effort to maintain an equilibrium of forces. Nature, like a loving mother, is ever trying to keep land and sea, mountain and valley, each in its place, to hush the angry winds and waves, balance the extremes of heat and cold, of rain and drought, that peace, harmony, and beauty may reign supreme. There is a striking analogy between matter and mind, and the present disorganization of society warns us that in the dethronement of woman we have let loose the elements of violence and ruin that she only has the power to curb. If the civilization of the age calls for an extension of the suffrage, surely a government of the most virtuous educated men and women would better represent the whole and protect the interests of all than could the representation of either sex alone.

 

 

 

Resources:

Gender equality

Brain Sex differentiation

Brain development: Is the difference between boys and girls

Understanding Ourselves: Gender Differences in the Brain

The influence of sex-linked genetic mechanisms on attention

Currently, are there more men or women in this planet?

Left vs. Right: Brain Function Tied To Hormone in the Womb

Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in …

The Destructive Male – The History Place

One Man’s Terrorist’s Another Man’s Freedom Fighter

Sex-linked genes

X-linked Genetic Disorders What are genes?

X-linked inheritance

Learning About Fragile X Syndrome

X-linked recessive genetic defects

The Scientist Magazine

Simone de Beauvoir The Second Sex, Woman as Other 1949

Women After All: Sex, Evolution, and the End …

Great Speeches Collection: Elizabeth Cady Stanton Speech

Why Gender Equality Stalled

Creation from the Cosmic Egg

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spring3Whence this universal symbol?

The World eggCosmic Egg or Mundane Egg is a mythological motif found in the creation myths of many cultures and civilizations. Typically, the world egg is a beginning of some sort, and the universe or some primordial being comes into existence by “hatching” from the egg, sometimes lain on the primordial waters of the Earth.

The motif of the Cosmic Egg cracking open and birthing all is apparent in the creation myths of many cultures. Egyptian, Babylonian, Orphic, Indian and many other ab ovo creation stories exist, but Lowry has in mind primarily Thomas Burnet‘s Sacred Theory of the Earth (1680-89), which was central to his own cosmology.

Burnet maintained, as literal truth, that the earth was once a giant egg, but the action of the sun making volatile the waters of the deep within, the shell cracked and the waters rushed forth (the Deluge), fragments of the shell now forming the mountains and continents of our present world. The consul’s cosmic egg is decidedly addled, the drains of Quauhnahuac being quite unlike the life-renewing annual visitations of the waters of the Nile.

L0028390 Thomas Burnet, Sacred Theory of the EarthTHE MUNDANE EGG

The Egg was incorporated as a sacred sign in the cosmogony of every people on the Earth, and was revered both on account of its form and its inner mystery. From the earliest mental conceptions of man, it was known as that which represented most successfully the origin and secret of being. The gradual development of the imperceptible germ within the closed shell; the inward working, without any apparent outward interference of force, which from a latent nothing produced an active something, needing naught save heat; and which, having gradually evolved into a concrete, living creature, broke its shell, appearing to the outward senses of all a self-generated, and self-created being — must have been a standing miracle from the beginning.

The secret teaching explains the reason for this reverence by the Symbolism of the prehistoric races. The “First Cause” had no name in the beginnings. Later it was pictured in the fancy of the thinkers as an ever invisible, mysterious Bird that dropped an Egg into Chaos, which Egg becomes the Universe. Hence Brahm was called Kalahamsa, “the swan in (Space and) Time.” He became the “Swan of Eternity,” who lays at the beginning of each Mahamanvantara a “Golden Egg.” It typifies the great Circle, or O, itself a symbol for the universe and its spherical bodies.

Orphic egg1The second reason for its having been chosen as the symbolical representation of the Universe, and of our earth, was its form. It was a Circle and a Sphere; and theovi-form shape of our globe must have been known from the beginning of symbology, since it was so universally adopted. The first manifestation of the Kosmos in the form of an egg was the most widely diffused belief of antiquity. As Bryant shows, it was a symbol adopted among the Greeks, the Syrians, Persians, and Egyptians. In the Egyptian Ritual, Seb, the god of Time and of the Earth, is spoken of as having laid an egg, or the Universe, “an egg conceived at the hour of the great one of the Dual Force.”

Ra is shown like Brahma gestating in the Egg of the Universe. The deceased is “resplendent in the Egg of the land of mysteries.” For, this is “the Egg to which is given life among the gods.” “It is the Egg of the great clucking Hen, the Egg of Seb, who issues from it like a hawk.”

With the Greeks the Orphic Egg is described by Aristophanes, and was part of the Dionysiac and other mysteries during which the Mundane Egg was consecrated and its significance.

Evolution

Evolution is both a scientific fact and a scientific theory. Evolution is a fact in the sense that life has changed through time. In nature today, the characteristics of species are changing, and new species are arising. The fossil record is the primary factual evidence for evolution in times past, and evolution is well documented by further evidence from other scientific disciplines, including comparative anatomy, biogeography, genetics, molecular biology, and studies of viral and bacterial diseases. Evolution is also a theory – an explanation for the observed changes in life through Earth history that has been tested numerous times and repeatedly confirmed. Evolution is an elegant theory that explains the history of life through geologic time; the diversity of living organisms, including their genetic, molecular, and physical similarities and differences; and the geographic distribution of organisms. Evolutionary principles are the foundation of all basic and applied biology and paleontology, from biodiversity studies to studies on the control of emerging diseases.

Because evolution is fundamental to understanding both living and extinct organisms, it must be taught in public school science classes. In contrast, creationism is religion rather than science, as ruled by the Supreme Court, because it invokes supernatural explanations that cannot be tested. Consequently, creationism in any form (including “scientific creationism,” “creation science,” and “intelligent design”) must be excluded from public school science classes. Because science involves testing hypotheses, scientific explanations are restricted to natural causes.

This difference between science and religion does not mean that the two fields are incompatible. Many scientists who study evolution are religious, and many religious denominations have issued statements supporting evolution. Science and religion address different questions and employ different ways of knowing.

The evolution paradigm has withstood nearly 150 years of scrutiny. Although the existence of evolution has been confirmed many times, as a science evolutionary theory must continue to be open to testing. At this time, however, more fruitful inquiries address the tempo and mode of evolution, various processes involved in evolution, and driving factors for evolution. Through such inquiry, the unifying theory of evolution will become an even more powerful explanation for the history of life on Earth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related:

Reality Marble – The TYPE-MOON

The Book of Earths: Earth The Mundane Egg

cosmic egg – Encyclopaedia Britannica

cosmic egg | cosmogony

Mundane Egg – The Theosophical Society

Myth and Metaphor in the Discovery of Geological Time

Voice of the Silence Part One Glossary

Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle – Harvard University Press

Mahamanvantara – Gnostic Teachings

EsotericWords – Mahamanvantara

The Paleontological Society: Evolution

Scholarly articles for paleontology and evolutionary theory

The Secret Doctrine

The Secret Doctreine by H P Blavatsky

Orphic Egg

What Is The Crack In The Cosmic Egg

Egypt: Gods – The Gods of Heliopolis

Jesus, Son of Joseph, and Horus, Son of Seb

Gods of Ancient Egypt: Geb

There Are At Least 4 Known Alien Species That Have Been Visiting Earth

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Canadian Defence Minister Continues To Blow The Whistle

Paul Hellyer Canadian Minister of National DefenseI am well aware that just because somebody (no matter what their ‘position’) says something to be true, does not mean it’s true. Exceptions, however can be made if there is evidence that goes beyond their words and correlates with what they say. At the end of the day, you have to listen to what your heart tells you.

Paul Hellyer was the Canadian Minister of National Defense in the 1960’s during the cold war. He was responsible for combining the Canadian Air Force, Navy and Army into what is known today as the Canadian Forces. He was the highest ranking person (on paper) inside of the Department of Defence for Canada. The Honorable Paul Hellyer is the highest ranking person among all g8 countries to openly speak about UFOs and extraterrestrials.

He has been speaking about UFOs and extraterrestrials for quite some time now, and he recently made an appearance on RT news stating that there are “at least 4 known alien species have been visiting Earth for thousands of years.”

Upon retirement, Hellyer began to blow the whistle on UFOs and extraterrestrials. His testimony is backed up by hundreds of other high ranking military and political personnel all over the world, including official documents released by dozens of governments worldwide that have officially acknowledged the presence of UFOs.

I think it’s also important to point out that the Canadian government recently acknowledged the fact that various federal agencies, including Transport Canada, the RCMP and the Department of National Defence used to track and investigate UFO sightings. (1) They claim to have stopped those programs, but that contradicts the defence minister’s (Hellyer) claims. There is good reason to believe, and a lot of evidence to suggest that some of these UFOs are indeed extraterrestrial space craft (not all military), and the activities of the agencies responsible for these programs goes far beyond just tracking of UFOs, but into contact with various extraterrestrial races, other classified technological developments and more.

Here is some of what Paul Hellyer has to say, for more you can watch the video clips below:

” In one of the cases during the cold war, 1961, there were about 50 UFOs in formation flying South from Russia across Europe. The supreme allied commander was very concerned and was about ready to press the panic button when they turned around and went back over the North Pole. They decided to do an investigation  and they investigated for three years and they decided that with absolute certainty that four different species, at least, have been visiting this planet for thousands of years. There’s been a lot more activity in the past two decades, especially since we invented the atomic bomb. They are very concerned about that and if we will use it again, because the whole cosmos is a unity and it affects not just us but other people in the cosmos. They’re very much afraid that we might start using atomic weapons again and this would be very bad for us, and them also.” – Paul Hellyer

“Many are benign and benevolent, and a few are not. They come from various places, for a long while I only knew about ones that came from different star systems, the Pleadies. There are extraterrestrials that come from Andromeda, and ones that live on one of Saturn’s moon’s.

There is a federation of these people, and they have rules, one of them is that they don’t interfere with our affairs unless they are invited. They have accepted the fact that this is our planet, and we have the right to run it but they are very concerned, they don’t think that we are good stewards of our planet. We are ruining our planet, we’re doing all sorts of things that we shouldn’t be doing, and they don’t like that. They’ve made it clear, and they have given us a warning.” – Paul Hellyer 

“Decades ago, visitors from other planets warned us about the direction we were heading and offered to help. Instead, some of us interpreted their visits as a threat, and decided to shoot first and ask questions after. It is ironic that the US should be fighting monstrously expensive wars, allegedly to bring democracy to those countries, when it itself can no longer claim to be called a democracy when trillions, and I mean thousands of billions of dollars have been spent on black projects which both congress and the commander in chief have been kept deliberately in the dark.” – Paul Hellyer

You can decide for yourself whether or not you think Paul Hellyer is legitimate, but don’t let his age fool you into some superficial dismissal of his intellectual stability. The man is not senile. He has done a massive amount of research and interrogation of people who claim to have been abducted, or were allegedly involved in military programs to reverse-engineer alien technology. The information he has gathered has led him to believe all of his claims whole-heartedly, and there are others like him.

Paul made the biggest headlines regarding his deep-seated alien beliefs during a speech at the Citizen Hearing on Disclosure, a mock congressional hearing in Washington, DC, devoted to lifting the “truth embargo” on extraterrestrials. It’s not as if I have been overly anxious for some kind of tipping point where UFOs and aliens would become a mainstream issue, but it would certainly be very cool if it happened, and Paul’s speech made me think that maybe, possibly, hopefully, we were approaching that time.

Paul Hellyer Reveals UFO Alien Disclosure NWO Conspiracy

Paul Hellyer reveals all (CFR, Bilderberg Group, Trilateral Commission, New World Order & Extraterrestrials) in his new work researching the New World Order, the U.S. shadow government, and the ‘money mafia’ which is at the apex of the cabal that has been running the U.S. and much of the world since World War II.

mufon 

 

 

Related:

(1) Canadian government no longer investigating UFOs – Nova

PaulHellyerWeb.com

Light at the End of the Tunnel: A Survival Plan for the …

Light at the end of the tunnel by Paul Hellyer – YouTube

Paul Hellyer, the World’s Highest Ranking Alien Believer

Possibly The Most Fascinating UFO Footage Ever Captured

Paul Hellyer UFO Alien Disclosure NWO Conspiracy Former .

More Wikileaks Documents Surface Confirming The …

 

 

Obama On UFOs: President: ‘I Can’t Reveal Anything’

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You can’t blame a guy from trying, over and over again.

On his show Thursday, late-night talk show host Jimmy Kimmel asked President Barack Obama to come clean about UFOs. The president responded with a series of tongue-in-cheek remarks, which can be seen in the video above.

Last year, Kimmel broached the subject with former President Bill Clinton. He posed the topic of supposed UFOs and aliens at Nevada’s top secret Area 51 military base in exactly the same way with both presidents.

Kimmel opening statement to Clinton last April:
“If I was president… I’d demand to see all the classified files on the UFOs, because I want to know, I’d want to know what has been going on. DID YOU DO THAT?”
Clinton response: “Sort of.”

Kimmel opening statement to Obama on March 12:
“If I was the president… I would immediately race to wherever they have the files about Area 51 and UFOs, and I’d go through everything to find out what happened. DID YOU DO THAT?”
Obama response: “That’s why you will not be president, because that’s the first thing that you would do.”

During this short exchange, Obama fired back with more potentially provocative comments.

“The aliens won’t let it happen. You’d reveal all their secrets, and they exercise strict control over us,” Obama said. “I can’t reveal anything.”

When Kimmel pressed Obama, telling him how Clinton claimed to have looked into government files on UFOs and found nothing, Obama replied, “Well, you know, that’s what we’re instructed to say.”

While conspiracy theorists might have a field day with those types of comments, it should be pointed out that, throughout the short minute-and-a-half, UFO-alien-Area 51-related dialogue between Kimmel and Obama, both were smiling and laughing almost the entire time, giving the impression that everything said by the president was strictly humorous.

There have been other times during Obama’s presidency where he made bold, UFO-related statements, as seen in the following March 2012 video clip after he had arrived in Roswell, New Mexico, home of the legendary (and still-controversial) UFO crash of 1947:

Is it all just fun and games when America’s commander-in-chief is asked questions about UFOs and aliens, or is there more to it that lies under the surface of what appear to be light-hearted comments about extraterrestrial visitors?

“I think it’s a difficult situation for a sitting president to be asked that question because if they don’t know anything, they come off looking not too smart,” said Jan C. Harzan, executive director of the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON), the world’s largest civilian UFO research organization, with over 3,000 members, including scientists interested in UFO research.

“If presidents do know something that they can’t talk about, then they can’t really talk about it,” Harzan said. “Making a joke out of it at least diffuses the situation. Now, that said, I honestly don’t think we’re ever going to get an admission from a sitting president that the U.S. has any knowledge of UFOs or ETs. I just don’t see it happening.”

Harzan received a B.S. in nuclear engineering from UCLA and spent nearly 40 years with IBM before assuming the leadership role at MUFON. Harzan is aware of how discouraging it can be to people in the UFO “community” when the president seems to laugh off the UFO issue.

mufon“The fact that he doesn’t just dismiss it out of hand is actually a very positive thing. It’s disappointing that he’s not taking it more seriously, but I’m not so sure he isn’t,” Harzan said. “I think he’s basically keeping it within the boundaries of what he’s able to do, and so, using a little bit of humor helps alleviate some of this tension in the whole thing.

“I would love for the president of the United States to step to a podium and announce [the reality of ETs] to the world, but I don’t think it’s ever going to happen. I think it’ll come about in a much different way, but it will come about.”

As the world’s oldest and largest investigative body into the UFO phenomenon, we aim to be the refuge for inquisitive minds seeking answers to that most ancient of questions,
Are we alone in the universe?

mufon

 

Related:

UFOs – What does the President Know? – White House UFO

Welcome to MUFON

Kissinger influence on Obama administration & UFO policy …

Political Management of the Extraterrestrial Presence

Reagan-Roswell-UFO – Blue Planet Project

BARACK OBAMA’S inner KISSINGER – Point Prophetic

Obama China meeting

UFO Disclosure by Obama

Letter – The Disclosure Project

Obama Appoints UFO Disclosure Advocate Into Administration

Barack Obama UFO

Chinese National TV reporting impending UFO/ET …

Millions Of Chinese Stunned After Government Makes …

Could it Be that Henry Kissinger Just Lacks All Human …

50 Years of Presidential Visions for Space Exploration ..

 

India, China, and Russia: A Budding Alliance against America?

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IndiaSuperPower1In the continuing debate between Hugh White and Shaskank Joshi regarding US-India strategic cooperation, I would associate myself closely with the views of White and what he sees as the eventual limits of the relationship.

But I would take it one step further. In the long-term, an anti-US coalition consisting of China, Russia and India cannot be discounted.

India presently fears China’s growing power. Accordingly, India hedges by deepening relations with the US and status quo middle powers such as Australia. However, India does not perceive itself as a status quo power, but as an emerging great power. As India’s confidence grows it will be acting in its own interests, not those of the collective West.

Of course there are clear areas of strategic tension in the bilateral China-India relationship. These include unresolved border disputes, China’s patronage of Pakistan and China’s growing  maritime presence in the Indian Ocean region. But these issues are being managed between the parties and may well be resolved, probably in that order, over the next 10 to 20 years.

It is very hard to see a similar outcome between China and the US.

Modi and Chinese President XiLast September, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping said they would ‘seek an early settlement to the boundary question,’ with both countries subsequently appointing new envoys to help manage the dispute. Despite a recent setback, negotiations continue, and there is no reason to believe they will not ultimately succeed. After all, China has settled its land border with 12 of the 14 countries on its periphery, sitting in stark contrast with increasing Chinese maritime assertiveness in the East and South China seas.

India and Pakistan ChinaAs for Pakistan, India’s view of China’s patronage is complicated. India holds grievances over such issues as China’s support for Pakistan’s nuclear program, yet it is dangerous for India if Pakistan feels overly threatened. Making Pakistan feel secure is extremely challenging, especially as India’s power grows. Thus a transparent Chinese role in Pakistani affairs is in India’s long-term interest – transparency that will depend highly on India improving bilateral relations with China.

Finally, China’s naval presence in the Indian Ocean is another major concern for India; an expansion due mainly to China’s dependency on energy imports from the Middle East. The long-term trajectory of this issue depends on a combination of China reducing its reliance on sea-borne oil imports, and on the improving strength and assertiveness of India. As China has no maritime claims in the Indian Ocean, maritime tension will likely be a consequence of fissures in the broader relationship, not a cause.

As for India and the US, I find it astonishing that after more than 50 years of being repeatedly burned, some Americans still have not learned their lesson (though many have), and continue insisting that China and India are ‘natural competitors’. This is false. China and India are historical competitors, but such competition is not necessarily ‘natural’ and certainly nothing like the strategic competition that exists between China and the US. After all, any Chinese expansion in the Western Pacific will be at America’s expense. It is hard to argue that India’s expansion into the Indian Ocean is being actively resisted by China.

India is not a pro-Western democratic bulwark, and never will be.

modi-putin1_0_0_0

Narendra Modi to Vladimir Putin: Russia has been ‘a pillar of strength’ for India’s development.

India has one true strategic partner – Russia. That relationship is deep, multifaceted and as old as ANZUS Treaty. Modi calls Russia ‘a pillar of strength‘ and India’s  ‘most important defence partner.’ Russia has supplied a significant portion of India’s military hardware, is supplying most of India’s nuclear reactors, and continues to play a significant role in India’s military-industrial complex, including submarine and ballistic missile programs. Likewise, Russia’s relationship with China is ‘the best it’s been in 450 years.’

Once you remove the immediate barnacles in the China-India relationship, an interesting coalescence of interests emerge between China, India and Russia.

BRICSAll three countries have a strong preference for a multipolar world order and the dilution of American hegemony. All three countries consider the principle of state sovereignty to be the pre-eminent norm of international relations, have a mercantile bent to their economic policies and already cooperate on many of these issues through the BRICS grouping.

There are certainly significant pitfalls and risks in the China-India relationship. But should those be navigated successfully, the US may well find itself with a worse relationship with India, Russia and China than the three have with each other. This is because strategic tension between India and China is finite, while their shared interests are broad and enduring.

 

 

Related:

Fake IRS Agents Target Hundreds of Thousands Taxpayers By Massive Scam

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data-breachesThe so called “fake IRS agents” have targeted more than 366,000 people with harassing phone calls demanding payments and threatening jail in the largest scam of its kind in the history of the agency, a federal investigator said Thursday.

More than 3,000 people have fallen for the ruse since 2013, said Timothy Camus, a Treasury deputy inspector general for tax administration. They were conned out of a total of $15.5 million.

CamusThe scam has claimed victims in almost every state, Camus said. One unidentified victim lost more than $500,000.

“The criminals [IRS] do not discriminate. They are calling people everywhere, of all income levels and backgrounds,” Camus told the Senate Finance Committee at a hearing. “The callers often warned the victims that if they hung up, local police [IRS agents] would come to their homes to arrest them.”

The scam is so widespread that investigators believe there is more than one group of perpetrators [the IRS], including some overseas.

Camus said even he received a call from one of the scammers at his home on a Saturday (how ironic!). He said he had a “stern message” for the caller: “Your day will come.” (as if!!!)

Sen. Johnny Isakson, R-Ga., said he got a similar call, but realized it wasn’t a “real” IRS agent.

“It was a very convincing, convincing phone call,” Isakson said.

So far, two people in Florida have been arrested, Camus said. They were accused of being part of a [IRS} scam that involved people in call centers in India contacting U.S. taxpayers and pretending to be IRS agents.

“These criminal acts are perpetrated by thieves hiding behind telephone lines and computers, preying on honest taxpayers and robbing the Treasury of tens of billions of dollars every year,” said Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, chairman of the Senate Finance Committee. “Taxpayers must be more aware of the risks and better protected from attack and these [IRS] criminals must be found and brought to justice.”

The IRS and the inspector general’s office started warning taxpayers about the scam a year ago, and it has since ballooned (imagine that?). This year, it tops the IRS list of “Dirty [IRS] Dozen” tax scams. Interesting number.

Tax scams often increase during tax filing season (no kidding?!), and with millions of Americans preparing their returns ahead of the April 15 deadline, the IRS is seeing many cases of identity theft and refund fraud.

In recent years the IRS has stepped up efforts to detect large numbers of tax refunds going to the same address or bank account. Using computer filters, the agency identified more than 517,000 suspicious returns and blocked $3.1 billion in fraudulent returns, as of October 2014, Camus said in his testimony.

In 2012, the IRS started working more closely with U.S. attorneys’ (oh, well that’s reassuring. NOT) offices around the country to combat tax refund fraud by people [IRS] using stole identities, said Caroline Ciraolo, acting assistant attorney general for the Justice Department’s tax division. Since then, the tax division has opened nearly 1,000 investigations (not a dozen?) and brought prosecutions against more than 1,400 people, Ciraolo told the Senate Finance Committee hearing.

“Given the sophistication of this criminal [IRS] activity and the fact that a lot of it comes from overseas, this looks to me like an emerging type of [IRS] organized crime,” said Sen. Ron Wyden of Oregon, the top Democrat on the Finance Committee.

The inspector general’s office started receiving complaints about the telephone scam in 2013. Immigrants were the primary target early on, the IG’s office said. But the scam has since become more widespread.

As part of the telephone scam, “fake” IRS agents call taxpayers, claim they owe taxes, and demand payment using a prepaid debit card or a wire transfer. Those who refuse are threatened with arrest, deportation or loss of a business or driver’s license, Camus said.

The callers can manipulate caller ID to make it look like they are calling from an IRS phone number. They might even know the last four digits of the taxpayer’s Social Security number, Camus said.

They request prepaid debit cards because they are harder to trace than bank cards. Prepaid debit cards are different from bank cards because they are not connected to a bank account. Instead, consumers buy the cards at stores, and use them just like a bank card, until the money runs out or they add more.

Real IRS agents usually contact people first by mail, Camus said. And they never demand payment by debit card, credit card or wire transfer.

“Our message is simple,” Camus said. “If someone calls unexpectedly claiming to be from the IRS with aggressive threats if you do not pay immediately, it is a scam artist calling. The IRS does not initiate contact with taxpayers by telephone. If you do owe money to the IRS, chances are you have already received some form of a notice or correspondence from the IRS in your mailbox.”

* Remember: Taxpayers are legally responsible for what is on their tax return even if it is prepared by someone else. Make sure the preparer you hire is up to the task.

 Resources:

IRS Completes the “Dirty Dozen” Tax Scams for 2015

IR-2015-08, Jan. 27, 2015

WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service today warned taxpayers to be on the lookout for unscrupulous return preparers, one of the most common “Dirty Dozen” tax scams seen during tax season.

The vast majority of tax professionals provide honest high-quality service. But there are some dishonest preparers who set up shop each filing season to perpetrate refund fraud, identity theft and other scams that hurt taxpayers. That’s why unscrupulous preparers who prey on unsuspecting taxpayers with outlandish promises of overly large refunds make the Dirty Dozen list every year.

“Filing a tax return can be one of the biggest financial transactions of the year, so taxpayers should choose their tax return preparers carefully,” said IRS Commissioner John Koskinen. “Most tax professionals provide top-notch service, but we see bad actors every year that steal from their clients or compromise returns in ways that can severely harm taxpayers.”

Return preparers are a vital part of the U.S. tax system. About 60 percent of taxpayers use tax professionals to prepare their returns.

Illegal scams can lead to significant penalties and interest and possible criminal prosecution. IRS Criminal Investigation works closely with the Department of Justice (DOJ) to shutdown scams and prosecute the criminals behind them.

Choosing Return Preparers Carefully

It is important to choose carefully when hiring an individual or firm to prepare your return. Well-intentioned taxpayers can be misled by preparers who don’t understand taxes or who mislead people into taking credits or deductions they aren’t entitled to in order to increase their fee. Every year, these types of tax preparers face everything from penalties to even jail time for defrauding their clients.

Related:

Here are a few tips when choosing a tax preparer:

  • Check to be sure the preparer has an IRS Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN). Anyone with a valid 2015 PTIN is authorized to prepare federal tax returns. Tax return preparers, however, have differing levels of skills, education and expertise. An important difference in the types of practitioners is “representation rights”. You can learn more about the several different types of return preparers on IRS.gov/chooseataxpro.
  • Ask the tax preparer if they have a professional credential (enrolled agent, certified public accountant, or attorney), belong to a professional organization or attend continuing education classes. A number of tax law changes, including the Affordable Care Act provisions, can be complex. A competent tax professional needs to be up-to-date in these matters. Tax return preparers aren’t required to have a professional credential, but make sure you understand the qualifications of the preparer you select.
  • Check on the service fees upfront. Avoid preparers who base their fee on a percentage of your refund or those who say they can get larger refunds than others can.
  • Always make sure any refund due is sent to you or deposited into your bank account. Taxpayers should not deposit their refund into a preparer’s bank account.
  • Make sure your preparer offers IRS e-file and ask that your return be submitted to the IRS electronically. Any tax professional who gets paid to prepare and file more than 10 returns generally must file the returns electronically. It’s the safest and most accurate way to file a return, whether you do it alone or pay someone to prepare and file for you.
  • Make sure the preparer will be available. Make sure you’ll be able to contact the tax preparer after you file your return – even after the April 15 due date. This may be helpful in the event questions come up about your tax return.
  • Provide records and receipts. Good preparers will ask to see your records and receipts. They’ll ask you questions to determine your total income, deductions, tax credits and other items. Do not rely on a preparer who is willing to e-file your return using your last pay stub instead of your Form W-2. This is against IRS e-file rules.
  • Never sign a blank return. Don’t use a tax preparer that asks you to sign an incomplete or blank tax form.
  • Review your return before signing. Before you sign your tax return, review it and ask questions if something is not clear. Make sure you’re comfortable with the accuracy of the return before you sign it.
  • Ensure the preparer signs and includes their PTIN. Paid preparers must sign returns and include their PTIN as required by law. The preparer must also give you a copy of the return.
  • Report abusive tax preparers to the IRS. You can report abusive tax return preparers and suspected tax fraud to the IRS. Use Form 14157, Complaint: Tax Return Preparer. If you suspect a return preparer filed or changed the return without your consent, you should also file Form 14157-A, Return Preparer Fraud or Misconduct Affidavit. You can get these forms on IRS.gov.

To find other tips about choosing a preparer, better understand the differences in credentials and qualifications, and learn how to submit a complaint regarding a tax return preparer, visit www.irs.gov/chooseataxpro.

Remember: Taxpayers are legally responsible for what is on their tax return even if it is prepared by someone else. Make sure the preparer you hire is up to the task.

 

 

tax scam – The Times News

Phone scam targets taxpayers | Grand Haven Tribune

Amid Tax Season, Thousands Hit By Massive Scam

Tax Return Preparer Fraud – Internal Revenue Service

Experts: Link Possible Between 2012 SC Hacking, Tax Fraud

huge tax scam

 

C.I.A. Cash Ended Up in Coffers of Al Qaeda

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Al qaeda

President Ashraf Ghani, center, with former President Hamid Karzai, left, whose government received monthly C.I.A. payments.

 C.I.A. Cash Ended Up in Coffers of Al Qaeda

In the spring of 2010, Afghan officials struck a deal to free an Afghan diplomat held hostage by Al Qaeda. But the price was steep — $5 million — and senior security officials were scrambling to come up with the money.

They first turned to a secret fund that the Central Intelligence Agency bankrolled with monthly cash deliveries to the presidential palace in Kabul, according to several Afghan officials involved in the episode. The Afghan government, they said, had already squirreled away about $1 million from that fund.

Within weeks, that money and $4 million more provided from other countries was handed over to Al Qaeda, replenishing its coffers after a relentless C.I.A. campaign of drone strikes in Pakistan had decimated the militant network’s upper ranks.

“God blessed us with a good amount of money this month,” Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, the group’s general manager, wrote in a letter to Osama bin Laden in June 2010, noting that the cash would be used for weapons and other operational needs.

Bin Laden urged caution, fearing the Americans knew about the payment and had laced the cash with radiation or poison, or were tracking it. “There is a possibility — not a very strong one — that the Americans are aware of the money delivery,” he wrote back, “and that they accepted the arrangement of the payment on the basis that the money will be moving under air surveillance.”

 

 

 

 

Related:

Afghan Leader Confirms Cash Deliveries by CIA

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani pays tribute to UK war dead

Afghan Leader’s Office – NYTimes.com

Licensed to Lie: Exposing Corruption in the Department of Justice

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prevent-injustice-but-there-must-never-be-a-time-when-we-fail-to-protestWHEN THE GUARDIANS OF JUSTICE BECOME THE PERPETRATORS OF INJUSTICE…

We send young men and women into harms way to fight for rights that we no longer have as American Citizens. It is very scary and until you are involved in a slippery slope of the collusion and corruption of the Judaical System – it is difficult to understand.

While no one openly disputes the validity of the Brady Rule, many prosecutors see it as a thorn in their sides—an obstacle to overcome rather than a welcome responsibility to be scrupulously observed. . . While there are certainly many honest and fair-minded prosecutors, a disturbing number fail to disclose exculpatory evidence to the defense. Some prosecutors affirmatively and knowingly conceal it. . . .

Brady v. MarylandSanctions against prosecutors who violate Brady are practically unheard-of and professional discipline is non-existent.  As a consequence, there is, as I’ve said elsewhere, ‘an epidemic of Brady violations abroad in the land.’

In the book Licensed to Lie, attorney Sidney Powell, former prosecutor turned private practitioner who represented a defendant in one of the high-profile cases discussed in the pages that follow. She was called in by the defense team after the client had been convicted. As she describes her first meeting with the client and his lawyers, they were ‘traumatized, exhausted, wrung out, meek, and broken’ as a result of what had been a brutal trial.

‘I seemed to have more testosterone than all of them put together,’ she quips.  In truth, Sidney Powell has more testosterone than pretty much any roomful of lawyers, be they men or women. Writing a book like this more than proves it. Not only does she take on, by name, prosecutors and former prosecutors who continue to serve in powerful and responsible positions, she is also relentless in criticizing judges before whom she has practiced for years.  Few lawyers have the stones to do this.

This book should serve as the beginning of a serious conversation about whether our criminal justice system continues to live up to its vaunted reputation. As citizens of a free society, we all have an important stake in making sure that it does.

California Prosecutor Robert Murray Falsified A Transcript

Mar 03, 2015

In this unpublished decision, the California Court of Appeal for the Fifth District affirms the district court’s dismissal of an indictment because of the prosecutor’s “egregious, outrageous misconduct . . . that shocked the conscience.”

In The People v. Efrain Velasco-Palacios, the prosecutor added two highly incriminating lines to the transcription of the defendant’s police interrogation. In so doing, he also destroyed the attorney-client relationship, necessitated the appointment of new counsel, and generally destroyed the validity of the process. His defense? It was just a “joke.”

California AG Kamala Harris Holds News Conference On Gun ViolenceThis is the third strike we know of for California Attorney General Kamala D. Harris who apparently doesn’t understand the importance of prosecutors following the law. She appealed the dismissal, arguing that only physical “brutality” would be sufficiently shocking to the conscience to warrant a dismissal of the charges.

Senator Orrin Hatch to Loretta Lynch: Clean up DOJ & read LICENSED TO LIE

Feb 03, 2015

HatchLynch Senator Troubled by Abusive Prosecutors in Justice Department  New York City (February 3, 2015) In last months confirmation hearings for the proposed new attorney general of the U.S., Loretta Lynch, esteemed Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah gave the nominee an urgent request:

“I recently read a powerful book… I read it in one day.” “It’s titled, Licensed to Lie: Exposing Corruption in the Department of Justice.” “The author writes about many things, including the debacle that occurred in the misguided prosecution of Senator Ted Stevens, which I thought was out of this world bad. I was one of the people who testified as to his character, and he was one a person of great character. As you know, he lost the Senate race because of this type of prosecution. I know that case. Ted Stevens was a dear friend of mine, and I testified on his behalf.

Only after he was convicted did we learn that the Justice Department prosecutors intentionally hid exculpatory evidence that could have helped his case.”

Now, these were not mistakes. They were corrupt acts that violated every prosecutor’s duty under the Brady v. Maryland decision to turn over exculpatory evidence so that the trial will be fair.” “Now I recommend that you read this book, because if even half of it is true, and I believe it is true, you have a lot of work to do to clean up that department. Will you consider doing that for me?” Ms. Lynch replied: “Thank you sir, I will.”

Click here to view the video–the new “trailer” for Licensed to Lie. Widely respected former federal prosecutor and appellate attorney, Sidney Powell, author of Licensed to Lie, applauds the Senator’s dedication to the rule of law and his appreciation of her work.

Loretta Lynch

“Senator Hatch is a beacon of integrity in the Senate, and a leader in protecting justice for all Americans.  I am not surprised that he is appalled by the callous disregard for truth, justice and fundamental fairness exposed in my book. It is my great honor to add my research to this important discussion on reform led by Senators Hatch, Murkowski, Grassley, and others.

I also implore Ms. Lynch to champion this cause for reform, and I will welcome any opportunity to meet with her to discuss these crucial issues.” “To restore confidence in the Department, Ms. Lynch should terminate the services of the attorneys in the Department who have been found to have committed intentional or reckless violations of their duties. She should end the Department’s stonewalling of its own Inspector General and provide the documents Congress has long requested in the IRS scandal, Benghazi tragedy, and Fast and Furious disaster.

Like every citizen, prosecutors need to be subject to the law, and to be held accountable when they flout it. Indeed, as officers of the court entrusted with the power of the Sovereign, they should be held to an even higher standard. Instead, abusive prosecutors have been promoted, gaining even more power that will make them even more corrupt.

What happened to the citizens in Licensed to Lie can happen to anyone.  Just ask the teams of the Innocence Project who work tirelessly to free people who have spent decades in prison for crimes they did not commit. More than half of those wrongful convictions were the result of prosecutorial misconduct.

In addition to Senator Hatch, there has been much critical acclaim for Sidney Powell and Licensed to Lie from many respected minds including Brendan V. Sullivan, Jr., of Williams & Connolly LLP. Mr. Sullivan said that this book is “more instructive than any criminal law course offered today in our best law schools,” and, “It’s malpractice to litigate against the Department of Justice without reading this book.” Respected Federal Judge Alex Kozinski of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has urged judges to “put a stop” to these abuses. In his private capacity, he wrote the Foreword to Licensed to Lie, which he urges friends of justice to read. In the oral argument of a recent case involving a California prosecutor, Judge Kozinski suggested consideration of perjury charges for prosecutors who lie.

Licensed to Lie Featured by Fox News/John Stossel

Jan 19, 2015

The 6-minute video of John Stossel’s show OVERLORDS, featuring LICENSED TO LIE: Exposing Corruption in the Department of Justice may be viewed here on Vimeo.

Judge Emmet G. Sullivan Curtails DOJ’s Abuse of Subpoenas

Subpoena-SullivanJan 16, 2015

Judge Sullivan has shut down the Department’s abuse of Rule 17 subpoenas in this opinion.United States v Vo (Opinion)

The Secret Docket of the Eastern District of New York

Loretta Lynchs Secret Docket

Obama and Loretta LynchLoretta Lynch and Other Prosecutors Stand Accused of Allowing Criminals To Operate

President Obama’s nominee for Attorney General may be complicit in operating a secret docket that licenses continuing criminal conduct by “cooperators”

See this Petition for a writ of certiorari and this article for the New York Observer.

Judge Duffy Brands AUSA Okula As “Liar”

Dec 14, 2014

Stanley Okula FacebookAs reported in the New York Observer, senior federal Judge Kevin Duffy verbally branded AUSA Stanley Okula as a “liar” after catching Okula in a misrepresentation regarding whether the United States Attorney had issued press releases in the Michael Little and related cases.

For the transcript we have available, see 2014-12-4 U S v Michael LittleTR.

Our friends @Popehat pointed out that this is not Okula’s first offense.  He has been reamed by judges on two continents in two cases.

Sierra Pacific Levels Serious Fraud Charges Against Prosecutors in Moonlight Fire Case and Judges Recuse!

Obama and HolderOct 15, 2014

A federal judge today has ordered the recusal of all federal judges in the Eastern District of California and asked Ninth Circuit Chief Judge Alex Kozinski to name a judge from another district to hear the serious case and allegations of fraud and misconduct that may warrant setting aside a $55 million settlement agreement payable to the United States. See this 2014-10-15_Order_of_Recusal-c.  The Press Release re Moonlight Fire 10-9-2014 of the filing is also available, and it includes allegations in a Declaration from a former Assistant United States Attorney,  expressing his belief that he was terminated from working on the case because of his ethical concerns. The Defendants’ extraordinary motion is PA Rule 60(D) motion-c.

HEROES in LICENSED TO LIE–Two Sullivans

Aug 28, 2014

esullivanMany of the people named in LICENSED TO LIE, such as Attorney General Eric Holder, are in the news daily–often, not favorably.  But one of the heroes in this true legal thriller, is a real Article III federal judge of great integrity and courage.

Meet United States District Judge Emmet G. Sullivan.  Judge Sullivan is one of the primary heroes because he helped uncover prosecutorial misconduct by the Public Integrity Section prosecutors for the Department of Justice in its corrupted prosecution of former United States Senator Ted Stevens.  He appointed a special prosecutor to investigate the Department of Justice and its attorneys.

He is in the news now because he is presiding over the Freedom of Information Act lawsuit by Judicial Watch against the IRS seeking the emails of Lois Lerner and her nefarious colleagues, and he’s entered various orders discussed here, here and here, extracting information from the IRS.  Thanks to Judge Sullivan, we now know (and broke the news) that Lois Lerner’s blackberry was destroyed after the Congressional inquiry focused on her.

Justice+Department+Voids+Ted+Stevens+Conviction+AdUPTUxwatil Another hero in Licensed to Lie is the man Ninth Circuit Chief Judge Alex Kozinski, in his foreword for Licensed to Lie, called “the fabled” Brendan Sullivan–the highly esteemed leader of Williams & Connolly in Washington DC.  Brendan Sullivan and his partner Rob Carey, Simon Latcovich and their team represented Alaska Senator Ted Stevens, fighting relentlessly until they uncovered egregious prosecutorial misconduct, important evidence the prosecutors hid from the defense, and obtained the dismissal of all charges against Senator Stevens.

IRS Shenanigans

Aug 25, 2014

For the latest declarations filed by the IRS in Judge Sullivan’s court, revealing that the IRS destroyed Lois Lerner’s Blackberry also, see IRS Executed Declarations (8-22-2014) and see my articles in the New York Observer

From Judicial Watch Weekly Update:JudicialWatchWeeklyReport0830.

Brian Oxman Interviews Sidney about LICENSED TO LIE

Jun 06, 2014

brianoxmanTo listen to the broadcast, click on the media players below.

Audio Player – Use Left/Right Arrow keys to advance one second, Up/Down arrows to advance ten seconds.

Dennis Miller Discusses LICENSED TO LIE with author Sidney Powell

Jun 03, 2014

DENNIS MILLERAudio Player – Use Left/Right Arrow keys to advance one second, Up/Down arrows to advance ten seconds.

 

Licensed to Lie

Licensed to lie1In Licensed to Lie, attorney Sidney Powell takes readers through a series of disturbing events, missteps, and cover-ups in our federal criminal justice system. According to Powell, the malfeasance stretches across all three branches of our government — from the White House to the U.S. Senate, to members of the judiciary. Even worse, the law itself is becoming pernicious. Americans can now be prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned for actions that are not crimes. And if acquitted, there is no recourse against prosecutors who hid evidence vital to the defense. Join us for a discussion of these distressing legal trends and what might be done about them.

Book Discussion Licensed Lie | Video | C-SPAN.org

During this event held at the Cato Institute, commentary was provided by Alex Kozinski, chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals Ninth Circuit, and Ronald Weich, dean of the University of Baltimore Law School. Licensed to lie

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