Tungusta Explosion 1908

‘Do you like to calculate mathematical probability? February 15 is official date of death of famous investigator of Tunguska comet impact (1908) – N.V.Vasilyev. He was single scientist at the highest scientific level of academician, who investigated Tunguska space catastrophe during 40 years. Also February 15 mean powerfull space impact in Chelyabinsk (Russia) and dangerous flyby of 2012 DA14 asteroid too. Is February 15 final caution for mankind?’

 

The 1908 Tunguska Explosion:
Atmospheric Disruption of a Stony Meteorite

At 1000km
At 500km
At 400km
At 200km
At 170km
At 30km
Eye witness accounts
Evidence of atmospheric explosion
Extent of damage
Could it happen again
For more information

At 7:17 AM on the morning of June 30, 1908, a mysterious explosion occurred in the skies over Tungusta, Siberia. It was caused by the impact and breakup of a large meteorite, at an altitude roughly six kilometers in the atmosphere.
At 1000km

You can get a sense of the magnitude of this event by comparing observations made at different distances. Seismic vibrations were recorded by sensitive instruments as much as 1000 km  away.

At 500km
 
At 500 km , observers reported “deafening bangs” and a fiery cloud on the horizon.

At 400km
 
After this object passed across the sky, it approached the horizon where it was consistently described from this distance of 400 km, as appearing like a “pillar of fire,” then replaced by “a cloud of smoke rising from the ground,” or “a cloud of ash…on the horizon,” or “a huge cloud of black smoke.

At 200km

“From a closer distance of around 200 km, several witnesses gave a better description of the object itself. It was called diffuse bright ball two or three times larger than the sun but not as bright; the t rail was a “fiery-white band.” Inconsistent colors were mentioned: white, red, flame-like, bluish-white. Perhaps it had a flame-like iridescence.

At 170km

About 170 km  from the explosion, the object was seen in the cloudless, daytime sky as a brilliant, sunlike fireball; thunderous noises were heard. At distances around 60 km, people were thrown to the ground or even knocked unconscious; windows were broken and crockery knocked off shelves.

At 30km

Probably the closest observers were some reindeer herders asleep in their tents in several camps about 30 km  from the site. They were blown into the air and knocked unconscious; one man blown into a tree later died. “Everything around was shrouded in smoke and fog from the burning fallen trees.”

“Early in the morning when everyone was asleep in the tent, it was blown up in the air along with its occupants. Some lost consciousness. When they regained consciousness, they heard a great deal of noise and saw the forest burning around them, much of it devastated.”

“The ground shook and incredibly prolonged roaring was heard. Everything round about was shrouded in smoke and fog from burning, falling trees. Eventually the noise died away and the wind dropped, but the forest went on burning. Many reindeer rushed aw ay and were lost.”

One older man at about this distance was reportedly blown about 12-15m into a tree, causing a compound fracture of his arm, and he soon died. Hundreds of the herders’ reindeer, in the general area around ground zero, were killed. Many campsites and storage huts scattered in the area were destroyed.
Eye witness accounts

Witnesses in the town of Kirensk and nearby towns at the same distance recollected the fireball flashing across the sky in the following terms:

“A ball of fire…coming down obliquely. A few minutes later [we heard] separate deafening crash like peals of thunder…followed by eight loud bangs like gunshots.”

“A ball of fire appeared in the sky… As it approached the ground, it took on a flattened shape…”

“A flying star with a fiery tail; its tail disappeared into the air.”

“I was sitting on the porch of the house at the trading station, looking north. Suddenly in the north…the sky was split in two, and high above the forest the whole northern part of the sky appeared covered with fire. I felt a great heat, as if my shirt had caught fire… At that moment there was a bang in the sky, and a mighty crash… I was thrown twenty feet from the porch and lost consciousness for a moment…. The crash was followed by a noise like stones falling from the sky, or guns firing. The earth trembled…. At the moment when the sky opened, a hot wind, as if from a cannon, blew past the huts from the north. It damaged the onion plants. Later, we found that many panes in the windows had been blown out and the iron hasp in the barn door had been broken.”

“I saw the sky in the north open to the ground and fire poured out. The fire was brighter than the sun. We were terrified, but the sky closed again and immediately afterward, bangs like gunshots were heard. We thought stones were falling… I ran with my head down and covered, because I was afraid stones my fall on it.”

Evidence of atmospheric explosion

The meteorite did not strike the ground or make a crater, early researchers thought the object might be a weak, icy fragment of a comet, which vaporized explosively in the air, and left no residue on the ground. However, modern planetary scientists have much better tools for understanding meteorite explosion in the atmosphere. As a meteorite slams into the atmosphere at speeds around 12 to 20 km/sec or more, it experiences a strong mechanical shock, like a diver belly-flopping into water. This can break apart stones of a certain size range, which explode instead of hitting the ground. Some of them drop brick-sized fragments on the ground, but others, such as the one that hit Siberia, may produce primarily a fireball and cloud of fine dust and tiny fragments. In 1993 researchers Chris Chyba, Paul Thomas, and Kevin Zahnle studied the Siberian explosion and concluded it was of this type — a stone meteorite that exploded in the atmosphere. This conclusion was supported when Russian research ers found tiny stoney particles embedded in the trees at the collision site, matching the composition of common stone meteorites. The original asteroid fragment may have been roughly 50-60 meters in diameter.
Extent of damage

The effect on the ground was limited to devastation of a large forest areas. At ground zero, tree branches were stripped, leaving trunks standing up. But at distances from roughly 5 out to 15km, the trees were blown over, lying with tops pointed away from the blasts.

Could it happen again

Many asteroidal fragments circle the Sun; the Siberian object was merely the largest to hit the Earth in the last century or so. Had it hit a populated area, devastation would have been enormous. If there are many asteroid fragments, why don’t we see mo re hits? We do! The problem is that they have not been understood until recently. Current studies reveal that such explosions may happen every couple of centuries; however, six out of seven happen over the ocean, and few happen over populated land. A key to the phenomenon is: the larger the impact the rarer it is. An Air Force satellite in the 1990s detected a smaller explosion over the Pacific. In 1972, a 1000-ton object skimmed tangentially through Earth’s atmosphere over the Grand Tetons in Wyoming, and then skipped back out into space, like a stone skipping off water. It was photographed by tourists and detected by Air Force satellites. Had it continued on into the atmosphere, it could have caused a Hiroshima-scale explosion over Canada, somewhat smaller than the Siberian blast. Even larger objects have hit Earth, but they are more rare. For example, an iron asteroid fragment perhaps 100 m across hit Arizona about 20,000 years ago, leaving the kilometer-wide “Arizona Meteor Crater,” which i s open to visitors; and a 10-km asteroid hit Earth 65 million years ago, ending the reign of dinosaurs. Brick-sized interplanetary stones fall from the sky in various locations every year. Several houses and a car have been hit in recent decades. Tiny dust grains are even more common; they can be seen every night if you watch long enough; they are the bright streaks of light sometimes called “shooting stars.” Interplanetary space contains many small bodies of different sizes. All of them move in elliptical orbits around the sun as prescribed by Kepler. Occasionally their orbits intersect those of planets, leading to a collision. Large enough bodies leave sizable planets or satellites. This explains why impact craters are present on surfaces of planets and moons throughout the solar system. If we continue to study asteroids and build more telescopes for detecting and tracking them, we will have better information about the frequency of such asteroid impact-explosions, and more chance to have warning about impending impacts.

For more information

Chyba, C., P. Thomas, and K. Zahnle 1993. “The 1908 Tunguska Explosion: Atmospheric Disruption of a Stony Asteroid”. Nature 361, p. 40-44. (Calculation of size of the bolide.)

Gallant, Roy A. 1994 “Journey to Tunguska”. Sky and Telescope, June, 38-43. (Description of a modern journey to the site, with photographs.)

Krinov, E. L. 1966 Giant Meteorites (London: Pergamon Press). (Description of the site and interviews with witnesses).

Leonid Kulik

 

In 1927, he led the first Soviet research expedition to investigate the Tunguska event,[2] the largest impact event in recorded history, which had occurred on 30 June 1908. He made a reconnaissance trip to the region, and interviewed local witnesses. He circled the region where the trees had been felled and became convinced that they were all turned with their roots to the center. However he did not find any meteorite fragments from the impact.

Leonid A. Kulik

He braved the isolated swamps and rivers of Central Asia to expose one of the greatest mysteries of the 20th Century…

“The results of even a cursory examination exceeded all the tales of eyewitnesses and my wildest expectations,” wrote Leonid Kulik, remembering his first glimpse of the Tunguska destruction. He stood on the bank of the Makirta River at the end of an exhausting journey. As far as he could see upstream and downstream, the riverbank was littered with the trunks of trees uprooted and pushed down in one direction as if smashed by a giant’s hand. There was still snow on the ground, and the dead and decaying branches and limbs were outlined in stark relief. Small hills stood out, he later wrote, “picturesquely against the sky and taiga, their almost treeless snow-capped tops stripped bare by the meteorite whirlwind of 1908.”

Leonid A. Kulik was born in 1883 in the city of Tartu in Estonia which was later to become part of the Soviet Union. He studied at the St. Petersburg Forestry Institute and later in the Physics and Mathematics Department of Kazan University. He served in the military during the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. Between these two conflicts, he ran afoul of the law and spent a short time in prison for revolutionary activities.

After World War I he taught mineralogy in the city of Tomsk and in 1920 took a position at the Mineralogical Museum in St. Petersburg (later renamed Leningrad). At the Museum he devoted much of his time to a new discipline: the acquisition and study of meteorites. In 1921 Kulik was charged with the task of locating and examining meteorites that had fallen within the Soviet Union. While preparing for this expedition, he came across an account of an explosion in Tunguska, Siberia, reprinted from an old newspaper:

...a huge meteorite is said to have fallen in Tomsk several sagenes from the railway line near Filimonovo junction and less then 11 versts from Kansk. Its fall was accompanied by a frightful roar and a deafening crash, which was heard more then 40 versts away. The passengers of a train approaching the junction at the time were struck by the unusual noise. The driver stopped the train and the passengers poured out to examine the fallen object, but they were unable to study the meteorite closely because it was red hot...

Strangely enough the story turned out to be wrong in almost every detail, but even so, Kulik had never heard of this impact before and it caused him to go searching for additional old newspaper accounts. By piecing these stories together he determined that the event, which he felt sure was the result of a meteorite fall, must have been enormous. Kulik decided to see if he could find the site during his trip.

During his first expedition Kulik only managed to figure out the general location of the blast area, not actually visit it. Afterward Kulik continued to collect stories about the event.

Reports from the Site

A geologist sent this account which was told to him by a local herdsman: "Fifteen years ago his brother, who was a Tungus and could speak little Russian, lived on the River Chamb'e. One day a terrible explosion occurred, the force of which was so great that the forest was flattened for many versts along both banks of the River Chamb'e. His brother's hut was flattened to the ground, its roof was carried away by the wind, and most of his reindeer fled in fright. The noise deafened his brother and the shock caused him to suffer a long illness..."

Entnographer I. M. Suslov interviewed the family who had been sleeping twenty-five miles southeast of the blast site when the event occurred. The entire group was thrown down by the force of the blast and several knocked unconscious. The wife reported that when they awoke they found "...the forest blazing around them with many fallen trees. There was also a great noise." Some of the children described "A terrible storm," Suslov continued, "So great it was difficult to stand upright in it, [that] blew down the trees near their hut."

Despite resistance from some of his colleagues who questioned the value of a trip based on rumors told by backwoods peasents, Kulik used these and other reports to convince the Academy of Sciences to fund a second expedition.

The 1927 Expedition

The 1927 expedition had been planned for the spring. This would mean they would reach the area before the ground in the region became a swamp and the mosquitoes intolerable. Even taking these precautions the journey was difficult going since Kulik was still not sure of where the exact blast site was and the maps they were using were inaccurate.

The first leg of their trip was accomplished by using the Trans-Siberian railway. Kulik and a research assistant traveled from Leningrad to the remote station of Taishet. From there they used horse drawn sleds to make their way up the Angara River to Keshma, a small village where they purchased more supplies.

From that point on the way grew ever more difficult. The land became more rugged. Deep gulches and steep hillsides blocked their path. Their compasses became confused by the high latitude. It took until the end of March to reach the tiny village of Vanavara located on the Stony Tunguska River. Vanavara was the last outpost of civilization before the expedition plunged into the primitive forest-swamp where Kulik was sure the meteorite had fallen.

In the village Kulik hired a guide named Ilya Potapovich and started interviewing locals about what they remembered about the blast. He found that many of the local people did not like to discuss the event. They believed that the fiery body that had fallen was a visitation of the god Ogdy. Ogdy had cursed the area by smashing trees and killing the animals. No man now approached the site for fear of being cursed by the god.

This story only peaked Kulik's interest and he soon set out on horseback, with the guide, to find the fall. An unusually heavy snow blocked their path, though, and they were forced to return to the village and await better weather.

On April 18 the expedition set out again with pack horses. This time they followed the course of the river. They took three days to reach the hut of Okhchen, a friendly herdsman, located on the Chamb'e river. By that time both Kulik and his assistant were suffering from infections and lack of proper food. Only the belief that their destination was only a short distance away kept them going.

They left the horses at Okhchen's home and loaded their supplies onto reindeer for the last portion of the journey. After two days of following the bank of the Chamb'e due north they came to the Makirta river and saw the first evidence of the Tunguska blast. The already exhausted party marched northward into the devastation, sometimes having to hack their way through the dead entangled limbs and branches of the fallen trees. As they traveled closer to the center of the area Kulik noticed that the trees had been burned from above. He was sure it was the work of a sudden flash of intense heat, not a forest fire. The scientist speculated that what the meteorite had "pushed ahead of it was doubtless a giant bubble of superheated atmosphere, hotter than the blast of any earthly furnace..."

Starting Over

They traveled for two more days through the destruction when suddenly his guides, Potapovich and Okhchen, apparently fearful of Ogdy's punishment, refused to go forward. Kulik was forced to return to Vanavara and hire new guides.

Using the river to get to the site.

On April 30th, Kulik, with his new helpers, set out again for the fall site. This time the party, aware of the difficulty of marching through the forest, built rafts to carry them along the Chamb'e and Khushmo rivers toward their destination. The water courses were swollen with the spring melt and it was necessary to navigate several rapids.

It had been three months since the expedition had left Leningrad. No word had come back from Kulik, and his colleagues began to fear the worst. Was the scientist lost or dead in the uncharted Siberian wilderness? Or had he simply not sent word back because he was embarrassed about finding nothing?

Back in the field the expedition had gone as far as they could by water and headed north on foot finally reaching the ruined forest on May 20th. For a week they cut though the tangle of dead tree limbs and marched toward the center of the fallen wood. Kulik finally set up camp near the mouth of the Churgima River believing that the crater he sought must be just beyond the next ridge in a marshy basin his guides referred to as the Southern Swamp.

Impact Zone

From this camp Kulik made daily trips out across the dead forest until he circled the entire area. From his observations he could see that on every side of the swamp the fallen trees lay with their tops pointing outward. That meant that the center of the swamp was the fall point of the meteorite for which he was searching. Instead of finding a giant crater, though, Kulik saw a standing forest of what looked like telephone poles. Each trunk stood straight and tall, but charred and stripped of its branches.

In the very center of this forest Kulik found a peat marsh blasted and tortured into a fantastic landscape. "The solid ground," wrote Kulik, "heaved outward from the spot in giant waves, like waves in water." He also found dozens of "peculiar flat holes" ranging in size from ten feet to fifty feet in diameter. Each was several yards deep.

Kulik carefully documented and photographed the area and decided to return on a later expedition and probe the holes with digging equipment in an attempt to locate fragments of the meteorite he thought might be beneath them.

Realizing that nothing more could be done on this trip and that the group had only three or four days of food left, Kulik decided to leave. It was a good decision. The summer thaws soon made traveling increasingly dangerous. The expedition set out and after nine days, having supplemented their diet with ducks, fish and local plants, they arrived back in Vanavara at the end of June.

Kulik returned to the Academy with enough photographs and documentation to convince even his most skeptical colleagues that something amazing had happened along the Tunguska river. He led two more expeditions back to Siberia, one in 1929 and another in 1938, but was never able to establish that the culprit in the blast was a meteorite. Even today the exact cause of the explosion is unknown.

Kulik continued to work on the problem until, while fighting for his country in World War II, he was captured and died of typhus in a Nazi prison camp on April 24th, 1942.

The success of Kulik's expedition wasn't in solving the mystery of the Siberian blast of 1908, but in proving to the world that objects have, and continue, to fall from space and can have a devastating result on Earth. This knowledge has led to a better understanding of how these impact events effect life on our planet and how they might explain such mysteries as the death of the dinosaurs.

The most main stream explanation is of course the meteorite impact. The main problem for this is a lack of a giant crater that would be left from this impact. Scientists of course say that it was probably a "stony meteorite" (as opposed to one mainly composed of heavy metals) which would explode due to the heat of impact.
A comet seems to be more plausible because a comet is made up mainly of ice and would probably explode high in the atmosphere due to the heat. This is the most accepted theory by scientist but the least fun.
4. the Tesla death ray

Of all the legendary inventions of Nikoli Tesla, the death ray has probably created the most mythology. Officially, the death ray was never built but believers in this theory point to the Wardenclyffe tower. As Tesla's great unfinished project, the Wardenclyffe tower was designed for the wireless transmission of power. The project came to a halt when JP Morgan pulled funding for the project due to the fact that Tesla wanted to make electricity free to everyone. Many people believe, however, that the tower had secret functions such as an invisible force field to protect America and of course the death ray. The story goes that Tesla was testing his death ray by aiming it at the north pole. After the disastrous attempt the death ray was scrapped until it was rebuilt by the US government in the form of HAARP.3. Aliens.

Aliens have gotten credit for a lot of human history. They've been said to have built the pyramids, killed Kennedy, and even created modern man through genetic manipulation. Not to be left out of the fun, researchers studying the Tunguska event have of their own alien hypothesis. How exactly the aliens did this is up for debate. While most UFO experts say it was a crash, some believe it was a weapon, or aliens saving mankind from an asteroid.

2. Dark matter

Another explanation is that a tiny piece of dark matter floating thorough space hit our atmosphere. This cause not only an explosion a fireball and radiation. This explanation was put forth by Nobel Prize winning chemist, Willard F Libby. Libby was the inventor of radio-carbon dating and proposed that any normal matter explosion would cause a spike in carbon-14 in the year 1909. Because none could be found he concluded the Tunguska event must have been caused by dark matter.
1. a black hole

In the 70's black holes where at the height of their popularity in mainstream science as well as in fortean and esoteric circles. Black holes caught the imagination of the time in America and even a Disney movie came out about traveling into one. Around this time Stephen Hawking came up with the theory of the mini black hole. Hawking was talking about a phenomena that occurred shortly after the big bang. This didn't stop Nature magazine from publishing the theory that a spontaneous mini black hole caused the Tunguska event.

'Attention! Mankind should be careful. There is the truth. You should not relax after space events of February 15. Cometary and asteroidal danger will be increased during nearest several years. Events of February 15 is not a fortuity. As you know, I was the first scientist who estimated probability of Tunguska-like events from position of solar activity. I already declared this hypothesis in Moscow conference (Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences, 1995) and described it in my book (A.E.Zlobin, CIAM, 1996). During February 15, simultaneous flyby of 2012 DA14 asteroid and powerfull explosion in Chelyabinsk (Russia) strictly confirmed my most pessimistic prediction. Therefore, you should understand that events of February 15 were strongly predicted many years ago. Tunguska and Amazon events were registered in years of maximum of solar activity. During nearest several years we wait increase of solar activity too. That is why we have flyby of 2012 DA14 asteroid and explosion in Chelyabinsk. Once again, it is Jupiter pulls out comets from Oort spiral cloud (A.E.Zlobin, CIAM, 1996). Orbits of these space bodies may be very different. Some of these bodies are heating Sun (producing of sunspots), but some of bodies seems intended for Earth. I think mankind have very little time to understand real scale of danger. The time has come - not to think, but to do quickly. Efforts of all mankind are necessary. Also you should remember words of N.V.Vasilyev, who considered that A.E.Zlobin "is not far from truth in something".


Do you like to calculate mathematical probability? February 15 is official date of death of famous investigator of Tunguska comet impact (1908) - N.V.Vasilyev. He was single scientist at the highest scientific level of academician, who investigated Tunguska space catastrophe during 40 years. Also February 15 mean powerfull space impact in Chelyabinsk (Russia) and dangerous flyby of 2012 DA14 asteroid too. Is February 15 final caution for mankind?

Special issue for advanced scientists Edited by Dr. A.E.Zlobin

Dear friends and colleagues,

'Once again I try to warn world community concerning strange activity of gangsters. I am afraid this activity is directed to developing of asteroidal weapon. I confirm again that I can not enter my home till now. I confirm that my home on south-west of Moscow is occupied by gangsters till now too. Also I am afraid that some results of my investigation of Tunguska comet impact are stolen by gangsters. Certainly I informed police about situation in my home, but police can do nothing to stop gangsters. The danger is very large because gangsters completely processed the brain of my old father. During all his life my father worked in NPO Mashinostroyenia. This firm is also known as Vladimir Chelomei's Design Bureau (there is Strategic purpose). I think, you understand, what can happen, if my Tunguska study and brain of my father will be used by gangsters. It can give them knowledge about powerful Tunguska impact and experience of "NPO Mashinostroyenia" simultaneously. Can you answer my question: why during two years nobody stopped this extremely dangerous activity of gangsters? Why nobody think that this activity can be directed for the purpose of global terrorism? What can be prepared by gangsters during two years, if they probably have considerably part of relevant information? My life in danger till now. My father in danger too because gangsters seems very interested on his brain and his knowledge. Once again, I not exclude, that the help of International Police (Interpol) is necessary. Excuse me for my nervous texts, but it is words of the man, who is forced to bury all members of his family often.

I do everything I can. I already deleted my most important computer files concerning Tunguska comet impact. I already put into the fire my Tunguska papers and my personal ideas concerning advanced aviation engines. Some mathematical ideas and some theory of hypersonic flight were placed into the fire too. Also I put into the fire the most expensive books of my library. I very glad that gangsters will not obtain all this information. However, I worry concerning steel safe in my home, which was stolen by criminal cretines. This closed safe was in strongly closed room and I have accurate photos of this safe. The address of my home: Street 26 Bakinskih komis., 10/1, Moscow, Russian Federation .'

I know that gangsters organize distribution of false information about me. You should not trust such information. As confirmation of my good reputation I delivered below signs of my scientific teachers and colleagues. All these persons are well known as very high qualified Russian scientists in the branch of aviation and aerospace engines. Among them: Dr.K.M.Popov, Dr.Yu.G.Behli, Dr.R.I.Kurziner, Dr.A.G.Romanov and others. Moreover, my wide scientific activity are known not only in the area of aviation engines, aerospace technologies and planetary defense. In 2008 some my ideas in the area of telecommunications and information technologies were used for Russian sport team during Summer Olympic Games in Beijing (China).

Andrei E. Zlobin

February 11, 2013


Once again about "Chernobyl radiation"


Special session of elite russian scientists was held in Moscow February 11, 2013
devoted to agreement between Moscow State University
and Bauman Moscow State Techical University

Viktor Sadovnichy, Rector of the Moscow State University,
President of the Russian Union of Rectors
and Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Sciences
characterized present time as "the time of chaos"


There is public letter of 414 elite russian scientists
of Central Institute of Aviation Motors (CIAM)
to the Government of Russian Federation


A.E.Zlobin's message

Dear friends and colleagues,

Situation became more dangerous. There is danger for my life too. My mother has already died due to activity of gangsters. Today we know considerably more information about mentioned criminal group. All these gangsters obtained special education in chemistry and this initiates alarm concerning their interest on my home. I not exclude they occupied my home for the purpose to steal my papers and computer files concerning Tunguska comet impact. It is possible to compare Tunguska comet impact and thermonuclear bomb with total power of several megatons. I am afraid to think about their plans with stolen results of my Tunguska study. Situation much more serious than someone think. I have three higher educations and Ph.D. degree, and I understand well that brain of my father was processed by special combined methods of chemistry and psychology. I consider that gangsters processed my father by these criminal methods because they planned to penetrate into my home without my permission. They do their crime activity from position that "law is not law". As far as I know, one young woman, connected to gangsters, was already killed and judicial process took place on this criminal action. Several other young people died with strange symptoms. It is not excluded it was influence of poison substances (poisoning). It is known that gangsters had access to special chemical substances during long time. Gangsters consider they can do everything they want, and nobody will stop them. Approximately a year ago I informed world community concerning activity of this criminal group and nobody do anything till now. Therefore the conclusion follow - gangsters have possibility to use some my scientific results concerning high energy Tunguska comet impact already during a year. And nobody know their plans. Astronomy and meteorites was always peaceful branch of science. Is there any guarantee that criminal cretines use my scientific results for peaceful purpose? It is absolutely impossible to work. I understood that it is very dangerous to be really active scientist. It is very dangerous to make investigation concerning comet impact and planetary defence. Gangsters seems considerably more powerful force even than countries.

Address of my home, where I was happy with my little family during 40 years:

Street 26 Bakinskih komis., 10/1
Moscow, Russian Federation

Today my home on this address is completely occupied by criminal group of gangsters. I can not enter my home already during a year.

Andrei E. Zlobin

December 30, 2011


Contribution by Dr.A.E.Zlobin
on 2011 Planetary Defense Conference

Dear colleagues,

As you know, I investigated the Tunguska comet impact during 25 years. It is very difficult to work without any financial support and to have really independent opinion. Unfortunately, my work was accompanied by another problems too. Today I must declare this information. When I worked hard on Tunguska problem, my family was terrorised by criminal group. This criminal group processed my old father and occupied my home on south-west of Moscow. I am afraid that some results of my Tunguska investigation are stolen by gangsters. If you remember, I already erased all results of my Tunguska study in 2005. In 2007 I quickly restored a part of results and delivered it on 2007 Planetary Defense Conference. Today I erase all latest results of my Tunguska study again. Thus, I determine my contribution on 2011 Planetary Defense Conference as "repeated destruction and erasing of my study for its protection against gangsters". Scientists are working to protect our Earth against comets and asteroids. Also I have a question: "Is it necessary to protect scientists against gangsters?"

May 8, 2011


Let us remind about strange set of events, connected to scientists, who investigated powerful comet impacts:

- Russian scientist Leonid Kulik was captured by German fascists during World War II and then he died of typhus in a Nazi prison camp (first researcher of Tunguska comet impact)

- Russian scientist Alexey Zolotov was killed by gangsters at the end of XX century (well-known researcher of Tunguska impact, who calculated main effects of this catastrophe from position of atomic explosion)

- American scientist Eugene Shoemaker died in a head on car accident approximately simultaneously to Alexey Zolotov at the end of XX century (he is best known for co-discovering the Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with his wife Carolyn Shoemaker and David Levy. Collision between Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Jupiter is the most powerful comet impact during mankind history)

- Russian scientist Yury Yemelyanov was brutally killed by gangsters in the building of Chemical Faculty of Moscow State University at the days of MSU 250 anniversary, 2004 (he was one of the first scientists who discovered powerful biological effects produced by Tunguska impact)

May be necessary to stop similar events with the help of International Police (Interpol)? Otherwise, who of scientists will be ready to investigate comets and asteroids with such award as the death?

Last update: February 17, 2013

Website was founded on January 4, 1998

http://www.orc.ru/~azorcord/

Reported Explosion/Fire in Nallamala - Remembering Tunguska Event Or Something Else ?

At this late night (its 11.53 p.m when im writing this post) responding to various news reports pertaining to news of explosion/plane crash etc...in Nalamalla here is various points to note.

Here it the news reported half hour ago at 1.00 a.m.  in TIMES OF INDIA
KURNOOL: Even as heavy rains have been lashing Kurnool district in the last four days, rumors of a massive explosion in the dense Nallamala forest spread all through the night on Tuesday. A deafening noise followed by thick plumes of smoke ripped through Chagalamarri area, villagers and Chenchus claimed. So much so, the `explosion' even triggered rumors that a chopper or a passenger flight might have crashed due to the inclement weather.

The sound that occurred at Moodurallapalli thanda in Chagalamarri mandal around 7.45 pm was so loud that it was heard in villages in Allagadda mandal as far as 30 km from the spot. Suspicions that a massive thunder accompanied by lightning might have struck the area leading to the deafening sound.


No Plane Crash : First of all its clear now from the reports of ATC Authorities in Hyderabad and Chennai that there is no plane missing or possibility of crash of plane or helicopter.

Based on our experience while having watch on various celestial/terrestrial events. I like to explore following events could be responsible for the explosion or fires in forest.

1. Was it because an asteroid exploded in the skies of Nallamalla ? 
2. Was it because of Meteoroid/Perseid Meteor Shower ? 
3. Was it because of Lightning?
4. Was it because a explosion in Naxal Dump ?

1. Was it because of Asteroid Explosion ?
I think this to be more appropriate based on what i have heard/seen on television channels. Importantly the version of Kurnool Collector Mr.Naik reported version over phone to TV5 supports my view of asteroid.

Further events in last two years starting with what happened in

SUDAN EVENT 
i. Sudan (Click Here for more details)  in October 2008
ii. Later space rock of this event found in 2009 beginning ( click here for more details)

FIREBALL EVENTS 
1. Canada Click here for more details 2009

2. USA (Click here for more details) 2010

TUNGUKA EVENT:

or I may like to imagine for what happened in Tunguska.
(Click here for more details) to read our article written on occasion 100 years of Tunguska event here is the image.

INDONESIA EVENT :
I come to this conclusion for Tunguska event based what happened in 2009 October in Indonesia ?
Click here for more details

2. Was it Meteoroid or Perseid Meteor ? 

As per television reports it seems people have seen a fireball (associated with Meteor Showers). Today is the last day of Persied Meteor Showers.

However if one sees the explanation given for reasons of what causes Meteor Shower or incoming debris. It will be clear that the particles rarely reach the ground but burn up in the sky.

3. Was it because of Lightning ? 
By seeing the experiences in the western countries i guess lightning could be one of the reasons for this forest fire.

Lightning starts by a Thunder storm. Thunderstorms always come with a lot of wind. The wind starts to rub the surface of the ground and buildings. This action brings the electrons to the clouds. The ground becomes positively charged and the bottom of the cloud becomes negative and upper part becomes positive. Since clouds are better conductors than air, the clouds start to build up charges. This causes the lightning. Once lightning hits a tree, or another object, not just the ground, then the current moves through the tree and continues to spread horizontally.

A Single stroke of lightning can reach a temperature of 30,500oC, or five times hotter than the Sun's surface. If lightning strikes dry vegetation, this heat energy can start brush-fires. To say this correct or not kindly visit the following link for detailed statistics.

 

Following is the report of Number of fires caused due to different reasons in AUSTRALIA

Fire Cause
Average number of fires each year
Percentage of total fires
Lightning
149
26%
Deliberate
145
25%
Agricultural
96
16%
Campfires
59
10%
Cigarettes/ Matches
41
7%
Miscellaneous
26
5%
Machinery/ Exhausts
15
3%
Planned Burn Escapes *
9
2%
Public Utilities
7
1%
Cause Unknown
37
6%

http://www.dse.vic.gov.au/dse/nrenfoe.nsf/childdocs/-44688EB30B57BF124A2567CB000DB2EF-BDFD9C1B8EF2DDC5CA256BE600287703-15D8B3C67813A6D94A25679300155AE1?Open&Layout=DSE~PrinterFriendly

Also read this report Click here  experiences in United States.

A eucalyptus tree that was struck by lightning but 2 pine trees next to the tree are untouched, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

Further here is the video which i compiled from web. It was found here. It shows how forest fire begun due to lightning.  

Forest Fire due to Lightning Unverified Source

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=VzvueA53kys

4. Was it because of Explosion in Naxalite Dump ? 
For me even this seems unlikely as the police or confident that such a dump in that area couldn't have gone unnoticed by them. if at all such a dump of explosives were believed to be there.

Further reports on television reporting eyewitness account of something in the skies do support our earlier views of asteroid etc...Lets see in the morning what exactly is this.

The Mysterious Tunguska Event

Best Of Carl Sagan’s Cosmos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=irVof7adq4s#!

Artist's visualisation of Lake Cheko (University of Bologna)

Does Lake Cheko have anything to do with the Tunguska blast?

Russian Meteorite Crash in Chelyabinsk Mirrors Century-Old Tunguska Event

February 15, 2013

russian meteorite crash 300x154 Russian Meteorite Crash in Chelyabinsk Mirrors Century Old Tunguska Event

RUSSIAN METEORITE CRASH:  The most powerful meteorite explosion in history occurred in Chelyabinsk, far greater than the century-old Tunguska event,  RT News reports. The latest incident was caused by a  fragment of a comet or meteor. “It looks like it was something like Tunguska – a 60-meter diameter cosmic body, which fell into the Tunguska taiga in 1908,” said Professor Oleg Malkov, Russian Science Academy Institute of Astronomy, according to RT News.

Between Tunguska and Chelyabinsk, Russia has witnessed at least three such events.  In 1922, a meteor shower rained down on the village of Tsaryov near Volgograd in Southern Russia. Some 1.6 tons of meteor fragments were found there, with the biggest weighing almost 300 kilograms.

This was quite scary and about 1,000 people were injured. I am sure that will increase.

The BBC’s Daniel Sandford says people described a ball of fire in the sky — A meteor crashing in central Russia’s Ural mountains has injured at least 500 people, as the shockwave blew out windows and rocked buildings. Source

The Russian meteor blast was more powerful that the North Korea nuclear test and was the largest rock to hit the Earth since 1908.

http://hinterlandgazette.com/2013/02/russian-meteorite-crash-chelyabinsk-mirrors-centuryold-tunguska-event.html

By using, first, acoustic imaging and then magnetic and seismic reflection, the Italian team was able to map out the funnel shape of the lake and later identify a “magnetic anomaly…about 10m below the lake floor.” Case closed it would seem. However, researchers from Cornell University have also weighed in, claiming that the Tunguska event was actually a comet which after exploding in the atomosphere, basically melted into thin air. Citing, as a modern-day example, the exhaust plume of the NASA space shuttle, the Cornell scientists claim that the dust which covered the Earth after the event was actually mostly water vapour made up of the remains of the comet. They conclude that the water vapours were carried across the globe by extreme winds which constitute a “totally new and unexpected physics.” How convenient.

Despite these differing theories, the general consensus is that in the early hours of June 30 1908 something fell from the heavens and exploded with terrific force in our atmosphere. According to NASA, Tunguska sized incidents occur relatively frequently, about every 300 years. Since most of the Earth is covered by water, the majority of these strikes have likely detonated harmlessly over an ocean. Taking time and space into account it would seem we were ‘lucky’ that such an event was able to be recorded in the first place. The Russians certainly think highly of the whole episode and have named an anti aircraft/asteroid tank in its honour.

Here’s a longer documentary if you’re interested.

1908 Mystery in Tunguska, Russia. Meteorite etc.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=tudVC8NSDHw

George Carey uncovers the mystery behind the massive explosion that shook Tunguska, Siberia in 1908 which has been variously attributed to a meteorite and a crashed UFO.

Here's some blurb I found [amongst others] on the Channel 4 feedback page which I thought was an interesting summary of the documentary's approach.

===
"I don't think the documentary was as bad as people are making out. I can however see that George Carey's style clashed a bit with a 'serious' take on the topic - not that he made light of it, more that he seemed to mistake keeping a cynical distance for some kind of objective reporting.

What was great was the coverage of the 'space ship' and extra-terrestrial theories when the crew went to see the museum academic. Despite what the majority would have you believe - some sort of ET involvement is actually supported by a major researcher for the Russian govt - Valery Uvarov who claims to have found an ET created defence system in the region against celestial bodies. Even when the museum professor showed Carey a lot of evidence and ended with footage of a UFO over the Tunguska area, he still refused to engage with this idea and preferred to comment on how strange it felt to be being told about this with the local Russian official being present. I found this a problematic approach - Tunguska is a weird, contradictory event and thus all ideas have to be valid for consideration.

A lot more time was spent on the meteor theories and I liked the way it was pointed out that each time scientists found themselves on the way to 'proof' something happened to stop their research dead. The problems others have with Carey focusing more on the weird people in the region than "the science" - i don't see as a major issue - both for the reason above and because this wasn't billed as a formal science documentary. The people he met mirrored the 1908 event in many ways.

It should be noted there is another theory that Carey didn't locate. It involved the finding of Tibetan scripts by a British explorer [who did exist] and subsequent trip to the remote region with this information by a European group who were said to have set off a nuclear event with the scroll information. This was for a pole-shift. If you want more details read my article in the Exopolitics Journal."

Published on Feb 15, 2013

A number of lurid claims are being made in connection with today's meteor shower over Russia, including obscure reports that the meteor was shot down by Russian air defenses, as well as a claim by controversial Russian political leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky that the meteor was in fact a secret US weapon aimed at Russia.

Did Russia Shoot Down Meteor?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=tCFARJVsDEI#

Russian Meteor Shower or Kinetic Bombardment Attack?

Published on Feb 16, 2013

The global news impact of the Russian meteorite has far outstripped the actual physical impact of the object today, reminding us just how quickly information, and potential disinformation, can spread via the internet.

Within minutes of the meteor's impact alternative theories began to circulate that the object seen in the video had been shot down by Russian air defence missiles to prevent further destruction.

The theory seems to have stemmed from a report from the local Znak newspaper, which quoted an anonymous "military source" who claimed that the object was intercepted by an air defense unit at the Urzhumka settlement near Chelyabinsk.

According to the source, a missile salvo blew the meteorite apart at an altitude of 20 kilometers, scattering burning debris over the region.

Russia Today picked up the report and sent it viral on the internet, adding that "Regnum news agency quoted a military source who claimed that the vapor condensation trail of the meteorite speaks to the fact that the meteorite was intercepted by air defenses."

In the hours that have passed, the story has been tweeted and retweeted thousands of times.

The Russian regional Emergency Ministry has denied that any military air defenses were involved in the incident.

Witnesses in a town 50 kilometers from Chelyabinsk, where the meteor is thought to have hit, said they saw a streaking object suddenly burst into flames, break apart and fall to the ground. They then described a black cloud had hanging above the town. Witnesses in Chelyabinsk itself said that the air smelled like gunpowder after the object hit.

Reactions to the shoot down theory have been mixed, with detractors suggesting no upward missile vapour trail or intercepting object can be seen in the videos, and that it would be impossible to shoot down an object travelling with such speed at the trajectory it approached.

More wide eyed theorists have suggested that the object may not have been a meteor at all and could have been a satellite that was shot down, or some form of kinetic bombardment weapon aimed at Russia. http://www.infowars.com/russia-shot-d..

Fragments of the meteor fell in a thinly populated area of the Chelyabinsk region, the Russian Emergency Ministry said in a statement.

Reports conflicted on what exactly happened in the clear skies. A spokeswoman for the Emergency Ministry, Irina Rossius, told the Associated Press that there was a meteor shower, but another ministry spokeswoman, Elena Smirnikh, was quoted by the Interfax news agency as saying it was a single meteor.

Separately an asteroid called 2012 DA14 is due to make the closest recorded pass by the earth today.

We’ll have ongoing coverage here as we get more information. In the meantime, here's the best footage of the meteor strike so far (here, here and here).

Updated at 9.27am GMT

Russian Meteor Shower Linked to DA14 Asteroid?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=b0cRHsApzt8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCawTYPtehk&feature=player_embedded

http://www.springer.com/astronomy/astrophysics+and+astroparticles/book/978-0-7923-6946-2

http://forteanslip.blogspot.com/2010/04/top-5-tunguska-event-explinaions.html

http://www.unmuseum.org/kulik.htm

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/30jun_tunguska/