Agenda 21, Climate Change Hoax, Communitarianism, Earth Summit, Environmental Movement, Global Taxation, Global Warming, Land-use restrictions, Private Property, Sustainability, UN Habitate, United Nations
AGENDA 21/ RE-WILDING/ SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES/GLOBAL WARMING
Communitarianism Central to the communitarian philosophy is the concept of positive rights, which are rights or guarantees to certain things. (As opposed to the Bill of Rights which is considered a body of negative rights from government interference.) The American legal system is based on “natural law” and the endowment by the Creator of inalienable rights to individuals.
It is also based on the English “common law” which emphasizes the rights of the individual even when they conflict with community or government interest. California, Texas and Louisiana are considered civil law states adhering more to a system of codes. This system emphasizes the rights of the state or government over that of the individual.
Land-use control has been a goal of socialists for many decades. Laurence Rockefeller’s 1972 publication of The Use of Land: A Citizen’s Policy Guide to Urban Growth was instrumental in attempting to enact land-use regulation in Congress several times in the early 1970s. Edited by William K. Reilly, who later served as EPA Administrator under George Bush senior, the report claimed that planning the wise use of land is the best tool to guide growth toward achieving economic equality and protecting environmental quality.
Following the failed attempt to employ the anti-property rights features of The Use of Land, the United Nations set the same agenda in the 1976 Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat I) held in Vancouver. For instance, the Preamble of Agenda Item 10 of the Conference Report states: “The provision of decent dwellings and healthy conditions for the people can only be achieved if land is used in the interests of society as a whole. Public control of land use is therefore indispensable….” (Italics added)
Smart growth advocates seek to preserve land in a natural or agricultural state by encouraging individuals to live in denser communities that take up smaller tracts of land per housing unit. Such communities also encourage residents to rely more on walking or public transit than on cars for mobility, and they more closely mix retail and other commercial facilities with residential units to foster easy access to jobs and shopping.
Land-use control can often become an obsession to planners for obvious reasons. In order to plan and control growth in their enlightened way, government bureaucrats and planning advocates must control property rights. Private property rights and smart growth are therefore mutually exclusive.
Such policies do not permit Americans the freedom to live where they choose. They must live inside urban growth boundaries. Developers must provide open space around new development. Americans may not live in greenbelt areas around urban centers. They may not live in designated viewsheds of scenic highways, or in the buffer zone of a Heritage River or a designated stream.
Those advocating smart growth can become so obsessive they become irrational. For instance, on June18, 2001, the Sierra Club defined “efficient urban density” as a city containing 500 housing units to the acre. Put another way, 500 families would have to live on an acre of land which is 209 x 209 feet! This would require a 14-story apartment building if 36 very small 1,000 square foot units (with hallways) occupied each floor! Increasing the apartment size to 1500 square feet would require a 21-story building!
After being criticized that such densities were more than three times greater than the highest density tracts in Manhattan and more than double the most dense and squalid ward of Bombay, India, the Sierra Club quickly revised its definition of urban efficiency to 100 units per acre. Reaching even that goal, however, would require living arrangements that are 2.4 times as dense as all Manhattan, twice as dense as central Paris and ten times that of San Francisco according to the Heritage Foundation. The density of the average suburban area is 1-3 units per acre.
At least nineteen states have state growth-management laws or task forces to protect farmland and open space. Dozens of cities and counties have adopted urban growth boundaries to contain development and prevent the spread of urbanization to outlying and rural areas. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) partially funded a 2002 report called “Growing Smart Legislative Guidebook: Model Statutes for Planning and the Manage-ment of Change.” Congress is considering passing “The Community Character Act,” which proposes to fund state and local efforts to reform their land use planning process to conform more closely to smart growth policies.
The Legislative Guidebook calls for using federal funding as a carrot to mandate a more restrictive “integrated state-regional-local planning system that is both vertically and horizontally consistent.” Vertically and horizontally consistent, in turn, means total government control from the federal government to the local community across America. One size fits all. This dovetails with Section 4(c)(1)(D) of the Community Character Act which calls for funding and “coordination of Federal, State, regional, tribal, and local land use plans.”
The paranoia about the need to control growth is a constant drumbeat of those promoting urban planning. They claim America is rapidly losing its farmland and open space. Yet, the U.S. Bureau of Census classifies less than 5 percent of the U.S. as being developed and less than 2.5 percent as urban using the 2002 corrected data.
Even in the densely populated east, both New York and Pennsylvania are only 10 percent developed. New Jersey, the most developed state, has only 30 percent of its land developed. To top it all off, less than one-quarter of the loss in farmland since 1945 is due to urbanization, and the rate of loss has been dropping since the 1960s.
The presumption that low-density residential development means more pollution, more congestion and fewer preserved natural resources is equally false. Likewise, the belief that higher-density compact development mitigates those impacts is false. Increasing population density does little to alleviate auto-caused smog. Urban and suburban areas with the lowest population densities have the fewest air pollution problems.
Population density or compactness also has little relationship to how much commuters depend on automobiles.More than 75 percent of commuter trips are by car — even in urban areas. Thus, any planning strategy that attempts to increase population density usually leads to more traffic congestion and stalled traffic. This exacerbates air pollution levels and potentially causes more areas to fail federal clean air goals.This, in turn requires regulations that are even more restrictive.
Portland, Oregon, the model for urban planning, has had the most stringent land-use plans in the U.S. since the 1970s. In implementing its plan, Portland has stopped building highways and instead has built two light commuter rails that failed to achieve their goals. Transit commuter use actually dropped 20 percent from 1980 to 1991. Additionally, in spite of the severe hardship imposed on those who want to use automobiles, the Portland area experienced the largest increase in automobile use per capita from 1990 to 1999 of any U.S. urban area with more than one million people.
The same is true for alternative transit methods. San Francisco’s proposed Third Street light rail line, for instance, will cost $40.50 per ride, which is equal to $18,225 annually per new commuter. Notes theHeritage Foundation:
For the same money, each new commuter could lease a new Pontiac Grand Am throughout the “life” of the rail system and pay for more than 100,000 miles of air travel at the average ticket rate each year. Alternatively, one could lease the Grand Am and use the remainder of the annual subsidy for the average mortgage payment in the nation’s most expensive housing market.
Urban planning has also failed miserably in providing affordable housing. As a rule, more dense areas cost more to build in, tend to have higher taxes, higher levels of pollution, and a higher cost of living. The Heritage Foundation reports that; “Data indicate that housing affordability in Portland (percentage of households that can afford the median priced home) dropped 56 percent from 1991 to 2000, the largest reduction of any major urban area in the nation! Portland’s home ownership rate fell as a result.” The poor, of course, suffer the most in this kind of failed policy. Families no longer able to afford single-family homes in Portland have to move into multifamily units. During 1992-97, the number of housing permits issued for multifamily units doubled from 25 percent to 49 percent.
Land-use zoning can also have a devastating impact on the cost of land. A March 2002 study published by the Harvard Institute of Economic Research showed that zoning dramatically increases the cost of land in urban areas. Where regulatory zoning is not artificially driving up the price of land, the cost of an extra quarter-acre in a single lot is very similar to a separate and independent buildable quarter-acre lot. This condition exists in urban Kansas City. However, in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Anaheim, San Diego, New York City, Seattle and others like them, the difference between the cost of an extra quarter-acre in a lot, and a separate buildable quarter-acre lot is in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. “In these areas,” claims the Harvard study, “only a small percentage of the value of the lot comes from an intrinsically high land price; the rest is due to restrictions on construction.” Land-use restrictions were the only variable correlated with the huge cost increases.
The aggressive promotion of smart growth policies by some in the media, politicians and a gross misrepresentation of the facts by many environ-mentalists threatens the freedom of ordinary Americans to choose living arrangements that best suit their needs. Although smart growth proponents advocate land-use control as a means of providing affordable housing, it punishes low-income families, keeping them from ever being able to afford a home of their own and denying them the American Dream. According to the Heritage Foundation, home ownership rates among African-American and Hispanic families are still below 50 percent, in contrast to the nearly 75 percent ownership rates among white households. The very fashionable Fauquier County, Virginia, which has imposed severe growth restrictions and limits on homebuilding, has seen its African-American population fall both relatively and absolutely over the decade of the 1990s.
No matter how it is cut, urban planning and smart growth is a bald-faced fraud that is creating a nightmare for people across America. From a few academics and environmentalists to the media, state and local officials, and high-level federal officials of all ideologies and party affiliations, this misguided vision has spread despite overwhelming evidence that it does not work. The persistence of these beliefs despite all facts to the contrary is a tribute to the power of a fashionable idea favoring federal intervention, however illogical it may seem in practice and experience.
It is time to pull all federal funding for any program dealing with smart growth or urban planning. Imposing such altruistic ideals just does not work. They harm both the environment and the citizens whom they are supposed to help!
Taking Liberty– How Private Property is being Abolished in America (video)
Taking Liberty is a comprehensive look at the lower 48 states showing, region by region, how the Environmental Movement is rapidly abolishing Private Property in America.
When you click on the links below, a new window will open and play each program.
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Video by R.J. Smith on the success of systems where wildlife is privately owned (Resourceful Earth)
ORGANIZATIONS – NGOs etc.
- 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted by the UN.
- 1968 – The Biosphere Conference (UNESCO Paris, September) ‘Scientific basis for Rational Use and Conservation of the Resources of the Biosphere’ recommended concerpted efforts to establish natural areas for the preservation of species, their habitats, and representative samples of ecosystems. Stanley Cain (USA) described the need for conservation of natural areas and landscape planning—multidisciplinary, multiagency, public-private joint planning that recognized the existence and nature of natural and human ecosystems—essentially ‘ecological planning.’
- 1970 The Seville Starategy for Biosphere Reserves (1995); The Statutory Framework for the World network of Biosphere Reserves; Man and the Biosphere Program – “systematic approach”; Biosphere Reserves; brochure; Each biosphere reserve should contain three elements: one or more core areas, which are securely protected sites for conserving biological diversity; a clearly identified buffer zone, which usually surrounds or adjoins the core areas, and is used for co-operative activities compatible with sound ecological practices; and a flexible transition area, or area of co-operation, which may contain a variety of agricultural activities, settlements and other uses where resources are managed collaboratively on a sustainable basis.
- 1971 RAMSAR Treaty on Wetlands; texts
- 1972 UN Conference on The Human Environment held in Stockholm; (Declaration); Action Led to UNEP
- 1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species CITES text
- 1974 – Use of CFC Gases Predicted to Deplete Ozone Layer
- 1975 Belgrade Charter on Environmental Education
- 1976 Habitat I – Conference on Human Settlements, held in Vanvouver 1976;Declaration; Agenda item 10 of the Preamble of the Conference Report “Land…cannot be treated as an ordinary asset, controlled by individuals and subject to the pressures and inefficiencies of the market. Private land ownership is also a principal instrument of accumulation and concentration of wealth and therefore contributes to social injustice; if unchecked, it may become a major obstacle in the planning and implementation of development schemes. The provision of decent dwellings and healthy conditions for the people can only be achieved if land is used in the interests of society as a whole. Public control of land use is therefore indispensable….”
- 1977 First World Wilderness Congress; Article
- 1978 UN-HABITAT is the United Nations Agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and adequate shelter for all
- 1979 First World Climate Conference (Switzerland)
- 1980 Second World Wilderness Congress
- 1980 ICUN World Conservation Strategy; The World Conservation Strategy was formulated by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) in cooperation with the U.N. Environmental Program (UNEP) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF), FAO and UNESCO.
- 1982 World Resources Institute
- 1982 Law of the Sea Treaty (came into force in 1994) signed but not ratified by US
- 1982 World Charter for Nature
- 1983 World Commission on Environment and Development created Burndtland Commission
- 1983 UNESCO and UNEP jointly convened the First International Biosphere Reserve Congress in Minsk (Belarus), in cooperation with FAO and IUCN. The Congress’s activities gave rise in 1984 to an ‘Action Plan for Biosphere Reserves.’ which was formally endorsed by the UNESCO General Conference
- 1984 International Conference on Environment and Economics
- 1984 WWF conceives of “debt for nature” loan swap – Environmental groups list endangered species from other countries on the US list. The national government of a country in debt to the US agrees to either enact certain environmental policies or endow a government bond in the name of a conservation organization, with the aim of funding conservation programs. In exchange, the US agrees to sell the debt to the conservation organization at well below its face value.
- 1985 U.N. Convention on Ozone Depleting Substances –
- 1986 ICUN Conference on Environment and Development is held in Ottawa.
- 1987-88 Brudtland Commission Report Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future: popularized term ‘sustainable development.’ Defined ‘sustainable development’ as “…development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”Interviews with Gro Harlem on Brundtland (former Vice-President of the World Socialist Party )
- 1988 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
- 1987 Fourth World Wilderness Congress (Colorado) David Rockefeller speaker – discussions on the creation of a “World Conservation Bank” to collateralize 30% “debt for nature” collateral swaps; Merging conservation with development. Environmental jamboree brings nations together to preserve world’s rich wilderness areas – `sustainable development’ is key
- 1988 Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change IPCC
- 1989 Climate Action Network
- 1990 Allan Solomon in the Forward to Toward Ecological Sustainability in Europe: Climate, Water Resources, Soils, and Biota – a report written for the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) states that: “Ecologically sustainable development is a condition in which society’s use of renewable resources takes place without destruction of the resources or of the environmental context which they require.
- 1991 Caring For the Earth – (Sustainable Living); Sierra Club Retrospective (Power Pt) Included a network of protected ecosystems
- Chapter 4. Conserving the Earth’s vitality and diversity Action 4.1. Adopt a precautionary approach to pollution. Action 4.2. Cut emissions of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons. Action 4.3. Reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Action 4.4. Prepare for climate change. Action 4.5. Adopt an integrated approach to land and water management, using the drainage basin as the unit of management. Action 4.6. Maintain as much as possible of each country’s natural and modified ecosystems. Action 4.7. Take the pressure off natural and modified ecosystems by protecting the best farmland and managing it in ecologically sound ways. Action 4.8. Halt net deforestation, protect large areas of old-growth forest, and maintain a permanent estate of modified forest. Action 4.9. Complete and maintain a comprehensive system of protected areas. Action 4.10. Improve conservation of wild plants and animals. Action 4.11. Improve knowledge and understanding of species and ecosystems. Action 4.12. Use a combination of in situ and ex situ conservation to maintain species and genetic resources. Action 4.13. Harvest wild resources sustainably. Action 4.14. Support management of wild renewable resources by local communities; and increase incentives to conserve biological diversity.
- 1991 Global Environmental Facility founded by United Nations Development Programme unites 182 member governments — in partnership with international institutions, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector — to address global environmental issues; Instrument for Establishment of the GEF; GEF IW:LEARN
- 1992 Global Biodiversity Strategy Guidelines for Action to Save, Study, and Use Earth’s Biotic Wealth Sustainably and Equitably; World Resources Institute (WRI), The World Conservation Union (IUCN), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), In consultation with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- 1992 Global Forum video (NGOs)
- 1992 Rio Earth Summit, President George H.W. Bush signs the Framework Convention on Climate Change, endorses the Rio Declaration, the Statement of Forest Principles and adopts Agenda 21 on behalf of the United States of America. Statement of Forest Principles; Principle 2b Forset resources and forest lands should be sustainably managed..” conservation of biological diversity; sustainable use; equitable sharing
- 1993 President Bush did not sign the Convention on Biological Diversity. (see also) It was signed by President Clinton in 1994, although never ratified by Congress. (text) Article 7 (inventory), Artcle 8 (conservation); Article 25; Video; CBD – Structure; Treaty Implementation Without Treaty ratification ; How the Convention on Biodiversity was defeated; From speech by Maurice Strong: “The concept of national sovereignty has been an immutable, indeed sacred, principle of international relations. It is a principle which will yield only slowly and reluctantly to the new imperatives of global environmental cooperation. It is simply not feasible for sovereignty to be exercised unilaterally by individual nation states, however powerful. The global community must be assured of environmental security.” He also stated: “Current lifestyles and consumption patterns of the affluent middle class – involving high meat intake, use of fossil fuels, appliances, air-conditioning, and suburban housing – are not sustainable. A shift is necessary which will require a vast strengthening of the multilateral system, including the United Nations.”
- 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
- 1992 UN Commission on Global Governance; 1993 “Our Global Neighborhood” (Analysis)
- 1993 UN Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) to help countries implement Agenda 21
- 1993 Montreal Process; brochure (Seminar of Experts on Sustainable Development of Boreal and Temperate Forests) The US is a signatory to this; Resulted in initiative to develop and implement internationally agreed criteria and indicators for the conservation and sustainable management of temperate and boreal forests.
- 1994 Convention to Combat Desertification UNCCD;
- 1994 Working Grp – Criteria Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable management of Temperate and Boreal Forests (Geneva) US participates
- 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo)
- 1994 GATT – transfer of power to the WTO
- 1994 World Trade Organization
- 1994 Strategic Plan for the US Biosphere Reserve Program ; “Protected Area” is the U.S. term for UNESCO’s “Core Area” Similarly, “managed Use Area” is the U.S. term for UNESCO’s “Buffer Zone,” and “Zone of Cooperation” is the U.S. term for UNESCO’s “Transition Area;” USA-UN Man and Biosphere & World Heritage Sites; US MAB Program site (47 UN Biosphere Reserves in USA); The US MAB Concept and Program—A Chronology Addressing Biosphere Reserves
- 1995 SBSTTA – Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advise (Conference of the Parties Convention on Biodiversity) emphasized “conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity”.. “ecosystem approach should be primary framework of action to be taken under the convention”
- 1995 Santiago Declarations;Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests; endorsed by US (2006 Sapporo Japan refinements)
- 1995 UNCSD Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (meet NYC) United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development established IPF to continue forest policy dialogue following Earth Summit
- 1995 (Climate Change) Report of the Conference of the Parties on its first session
- 1995 Global International Waters Assessment
- 1995 Global Programme of Action on Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-Based Activities (GPA)
- 1995 (UNCSD) Commission on Sustainable Development met on forests and dryland ecosystems and established an Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (IPF)
- 1995 Report of the Commission on Global Governance: “Our Global Neighborhood“- Global taxation; A standing UN army; An Economic Security Council; UN authority over the global commons; An end to the veto power of permanent members of the Security Council; A new parliamentary body of “civil society” representatives (NGOs); A new “Petitions Council“; A new Court of Criminal Justice (Accomplished in July, 1998 in Rome); Binding verdicts of the International Court of Justice; Expanded authority for the Secretary General.
- 1995 GBA – Global Biodiversity Assessment; about GBA; (Excerpts) ; Summary (WWF, ICUN how to implement biodiversity treaty. The Global Biodiversity Assessment sets forth a system of ecosystem management. Last 200 pages Section 13 deals with “system of protected areas” (Core areas, buffer zones) Page 993 Wildlands Project is central theme of “protected areas” ; Global Biodiversity Assessment: Section 10 (A condensation by Henry Lamb and Dr. Michael Coffman); Treaty Implementation without Treaty Ratification
- 1995 UNESCO Seville Strategy and the Statutory Framework for the World Network of Biosphere Reserves; Promote biosphere reserves as means of implementing the goals of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Promote a comprehensive approach to biogeographical classification (GAP analysis) that takes into account such ideas as vulnerability analysis. Link biosphere reserves with each other, and with other protected areas, through green corridors. Incorporate biosphere reserves into plans for implementing the sustainable use goals of Agenda 21 and the Convention on Biological Diversity. Integrate biosphere reserves into regional planning.
- 1996 UNESCO Implementation of the Seville Strategy and Statutory Framework
- 1996 Habitat II Istanbul; Article
- 1996 Montreal Process (Sustainable Forest) Technical Advisory Committee Working Group agrees that all participating countries will prepare First Approximation Reports.
- 1997 Rio 5+ review of progress in implementing Agenda 21, US Rpt on Biodiversity Treaty; Sustainable Production and Consumption Patterns; Application of the Rio Declaration; Agenda 21; Sustainable Human Development; Land and Resource Management Planning; Forests; Ag and Rural development
- 1997 Montreal Protocol on Ozone
- 1997 Kyoto Protocol on Global Warming; Text; emissions trading Bush withdrew from the Gore negotiated treaty; Clean Development Mechanism; documents United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and of the Kyoto Protocol.
- International Conference on Environment and Society (Greece)
- 1997 Nairobi Declaration of the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme on the Role and Mandate of UNEP in which the role of UNEP is confirmed as the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, that promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and that serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment; International Environmental Governance;
- 1997 Intergovernmental Forum on Forests (ECOSOC – UN Economic and Social Council) Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (IPF) Documents
- 1997 Montreal Process First Approximation Report
- 1998 Workshop on the Ecosystem Approach – Malawi Principles twelve principles/characteristics of the ecosystem approach to biodiversity management
- 1998 “Scientists say global warming killing coral reefs” (Reuters News Agency)
- 1998 International Criminal Court
- 1998 G-8 Foreign Ministers endorse outcomes of 1997 UNGASS meeting on sustainable forest mgt. committed member countries to implement, the Action Program on Forests. Set out specific measures to promote sustainable forest management which featured implementation of national criteria and indicators.
- 1998 UN Climate Change Conference (Buenos Aires)
- 1999 Charter 99 A Charter for Global Democracy
- 1999 World Climate Change Conference – Bonn
- 2000 Millenium Development Goals; Thematic framework for the Millennium Summit; “We the Peoples” the role of the People in the UN in the 21st Century; 25 Multi-lateral Treaties
- UN People’s Millenium Assembly; Millenium Summit; Towards A Peoples Assembly (of NGOs) by the Year 2000; Vision 2020 ; (proposed World Parliament); proposed Creation of the Global Ministry of Environment ; High Level Panel on Financing Development (Tobin Tax; Global Taxing Authority – US insisted references be removed.) full report;
- Millenium Forum;
- Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)
- 2000 The Earth Charter Programme ; Earth Charter
- 2000 Seville+5 (MAB) Pamplona, Spain
- 2000 EU Water Framework Directive(WFD) – integrated river basin management for Europe; CIS; Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive 2003-04
- 2000 UN Forum on Forests UNFF; Global Forest Resources Assessment (GAP analysis)
- 2000 Conference of the Parties (Convention on Biodiversity) ecosystem approach Endorses the description of the ecosystem approach and operational guidance
- 2001 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
- 2001 Declaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium; The Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity General Assembly Resolution 55/2—United Nations Millennium Declaration—was adopted by countries of the United Nations during the Millennium Summit to reaffirm their commitment to “a more peaceful, prosperous and just world.” Declaration identifies eliminating poverty as highest priority; and includes related Millennium Development Goals. Section on ‘Protecting our common environment’ emphasizes need to adopt a new ethic of conservation and stewardship, with steps including “to intensify our collective efforts for the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests.”
- 2001 North American NGO Prep-con for WSSD
- 2001 NASF Sustainable Forestry Implementation Committee (SFIC) (United States)
- 2001 UNFF sessions on specific issues and at which the work of the Collaborative Partnership on Forests was initiated.
- 2001 UN Economic Commission for Eurpose (ECE in Geneva) North American and European Countries adopt Ministerial Statement focussing on poverty, sustainable production and consumption patterns, globalization and democratic processes; sustainable development
- 2002 United Nations Johannesburg Summit 2002 (Rio+10 or World Summit on Sustainable Development) “What we need,” Desai said, “is to build a system, a set of rules, or an environment, that will enable globalization to become a more positive force for improving all people’s lives.” This new environment, he cautioned, must involve greater international cooperation, particularly in the areas of finance, technology transfer, debt relief and trade, and equity.” Focussed on implementation of Agenda 21
- Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development and Johannesburg Plan of Implementation ; Report
- Earth Summit 2002. IISD Linkages Portal to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD took place in Johannesburg, South Africa, 26 August – 4 September 2002); 2002 Convention on Biological Diversity; “From One Earth to One World”was signed by President Clinton. When Clinton became President, he directed the Department of Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency to develop the Ecosystem Management Policy. 21 Ecoregions were identified for protection. (The Senate refused to ratify the treaty.)
- (UN brochure) The tenth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (known as csd 10) is acting as the global Preparatory Committee for the Johannesburg Summit;
- UN-Habitat report
- 2011 Framework for Assessing and Monitoring Forest Governance (The Program on Forests – PROFOR, Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN ) Article; UN Secretary statement ; United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF)
- 2011 Press Conference UN Secretary on 2012 Rio+20 Conference goal to accelerate Sustainable Development :“Achieving this goal will take a fundamental transformation in consumption patterns, lifestyle and values,” he said. “Equity, not only within our societies but globally, will need to become more fully integrated into our institutions and our policies.”He stressed that, at Rio, the global vision must be clear and focused on a sustainable green economy that protected the health of the environment, while supporting the Millennium Development Goals through growth in income, decent work and poverty eradication. An enhanced architecture for sustainable development governance at the national, regional and international levels must also be created. To advance that sustainable development agenda, the watchwords must be “implementation” and “action”, he said.
- 2011 Universal Declaration of the Rights of Mother Earth, formally presented to the United Nations in an April 2011 General Assembly event.
- 2011 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Bonn); Bolivia Briefing ; Sustainable development world’s top issue: UN chief; Durban Charter on Adaptation COP17/CMP7; Climate conference approves landmark deal ; Durban Platform ; Global Climate Change Deal Reached in Durban
- 2011 UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) report recommends a new global currency to replace dollar Overview
- 2011 64th Annual UN Dept. of Info. NGO Conference Bonn Germany- The Chair Text. Sustainable Societies; Responsive Citizens Noting the need to reaffirm and renew Agenda 21, which, in section 3.7, stresses that “sustainable development must be achieved at every level of society …. Governments, in cooperation with appropriate international and non-governmental organizations, should support a community-driven approach to sustainability”
- 2011 UNEP – The Emissions Gap Report Are the Copenhagen Accord pledges sufficient to limit global warming to 2° C or 1.5° C?
- 2012 Merciless Green Austerity System On The Agenda For The UN’s 2012 Earth Summit “We are currently transitioning from a world of plenty into one in which the planet’s resources have been compromised in their ability to sustain our routines. We are also in a world of global economic and social multi-level governance.”
- “What is a Green Economy?A green economy ensures fair use of ecological resources and sinks at re-generational and bio-assimilation rates. Building such an economy entails the following components:
1. Full-cost pricing: Incorporate ecological degradation into the cost of goods and services (with compensation for the poor).
2. Waste = Food: Design production to reuse all pre- and post-consumer waste as industrial or biological inputs.
3. Sustainable ethic: Foster cultures that recognize ecological scarcity and inspire consumers and producers to desire only what is most necessary and ecologically sustainable.
4. Progressive green taxes: Tax resource and sink use instead of income.
5. Wealth = Environmental Health: Create measures of value that preserve the intrinsic worth of nature” —Beyond Rio+20: Governance For A Green Economy
- IPCC Special Report -Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) Exec Sum
- 2012 Rio 20+ official site: Leaked document reveals Rio+20 sustainable development goals Nations will be asked to sign up for 10 goals and promise to build green economies at this summer’s earth summit draft document
“We reaffirm the need to strengthen international environmental governance within the context of the institutional framework for sustainable development, in order to promote a balanced integration of the economic, social and environmental pillars of sustainable development,”; The Future We Want – Youtube; Minutes of closed-door retreat on Rio + 20 ambitions; Zero Draft and Sustainable Development Goals; Issues – briefing papers; Regional, national and local level governance for sustainable development; Q&A: North-South Divide Looms Heavily Over Rio+20 Summit;Green Groups Urge Obama to Attend Rio+20; Will Rio+20 Spark a Green Revolution?; U.N. Chief Disappointed Over Deadlocked Rio+20 Negotiations; Mass Extinctions in the Cards Absent Urgent Action; COP 10 Decision X/2 – Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020; Aichi Biodiversity Targets; Implementation of Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets; Key Elements of the Strategic Plan 2011-2020, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets; SCP Governance, Sustainable Consumption and Production Governance: A Guide towards Rio+20; Governance Papers ; A Pocket Guide to Sustainable Development Governance; Consumption driving ‘unprecedented’ environment damage: UN; Ban Ki-moon calls for Rio+20 to replace GDP with sustainable development index
- 2012 UN Intergovernmental Panel for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, IPBES – Biodiversity Crisis Is Worse Than Climate Change, Experts Say; Environmental Governance
- World Economic Forum, Davos; Exec. Summary
- One Health Summit in Davos, Switzerland ; The Integrative Health Risk Management Perspective: Integrative components of One Health thus are: Human Health, Animal Health, Environmental Health, Food Safety & Security, Agriculture: Sustainable Food Production
- 2012 March 12-17, 6th World Water Forum; Issues; Right to water; Integrated Water Resource Management ; Promote green growth and value ecosystem services; Water Governance
- 2012 Sept 6-15 ICUN World Conservation Congress
- 2012 Oct. 8-19, 11th Conferenec of the Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity
- 2012- ” 21 Issues for the 21st Century,” from the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Foresight Process; UNEP Foresight Process: Phase I: Results of the UNEP consultation DRAFT 11 March 2011. For Internal Distribution Only
- International Covenant on Environment and Development. (entire document here)
- 1916 The Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 was codified as federal law in order implement the convention for the protection of migratory birds between the United States and Great Britain (acting on behalf of Canada). The statute makes it unlawful to pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill or sell birds listed therein (“migratory birds”). This is one of the first treaties to expand federal power over the environment
- Environmental Diplomacy( State Dept. pre 2001); State Dept. Environment pages
- UNESCO designated Biosphere Reserves;(47 in US totalling 77 million acres) Man and the Biosphere species databases; The Seville Strategy for Biosphere Reserves; The U.N.’s global land grab
- Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965
1969-1974 Pres. Richard Nixon
- 1969 Congress passes NEPA
- 1970 First “Earth Day”
- 1970 EPA created by Executive Order
- 1970 Congress authorized amendments to the Clean Air Act (passed in 1963) that imposed new regulations, the first of their kind, on industrial and mobile sources of air pollutants
- 1972 Clean Water Act.
- 1973 Endangered Species Act (Based on 5 International Treaties) states its purpose is to “develop and maintain conservation programs which meet national and international standards.”
- 1974 The Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 requires “…an analysis of the potential effects of global climate change on the condition of renewable resources on the forests and rangelands of the United States.”
- Wilderness Act; RARE I and RARE II; study for potrntial primitive area conversion to wilderness by 1974; 1973 completion of Wilderness study area inventory; RARE II was completed in January of 1979 and identified 2,919 areas containing just over 62 million acres; recommended that 15 million acres be added to the NWPS, 36 million acres be allocated to nonwilderness uses, and about 11 million acres be placed into a further planning category. Challenged by the State of CA in 1983 for not including certain roadless areas
1977-1981 President Carter
The Carter administration created a Department of Energy and mandated corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards to make cars more fuel-efficient.
1981-1989 Pres. Ronald Reagan
- 1981 Global 2000 Report by US Council on Environmental Quality
- 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Vienna
- 1986 Water Resources Development Act (cited as an authority for the Army Corps IRWM) Navigation, Harbor and Flood Control Projects
- 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Montreal
- 1987-present USGS Gap Analysis Program How well are we protecting common plants and animals? Gap Analysis is the science of answering this question. Developing the data and tools to support that science is the mission of the USGS Gap Analysis Program (GAP). GAP works to ensure that common species – those that are not officially endangered – remain common by identifying those species and plant communities that are not adequately represented in existing conservation lands. GAP bases its analysis of species protection on GAP Status Code 1 and 2 lands only. In assigning a stewardship ranking, the gap analysis process emphasizes the managing entity over the owner, and bases the ranking on the expressed long-term intent of the managing entity instead of focusing on short-term processes. The criteria for assigning a ranking include:
- Permanence of protection from conversion of natural land cover to unnatural land cover such as human-induced barren, arrested succession, or cultivated exotic-dominated landscapes).
- Amount of the tract protected, with a 5% allowance for intensive human use.
- Inclusiveness of the protection, i.e., is protection focused on a single feature such as a wetland or particular species or does it encompass all biota and habitat.
- Type of management program and degree that it is mandated or institutionalized
- map viewer
- Gap Analysis FACT sheet
- National Biological Information Infrastructure
- REO (Regional Ecosystem Office) GIS (NWFP); Land Use Allocations
- 1990 National Forest Foundation; National Charter Public Law 101-593-Title IV-Nov. 16, 1990
- 1990 Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)organized under OMB Circular A-16
1989-1993 Pres. George H. W. Bush
- “Blueprint for The Environment” presented to President Bush; Efforts to save the earth gain momentum. Environmentalists meet Bush; present plan for national action.
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ;
- During the UNCED, also called the Rio Earth Summit, Bush (video) would sign the Framework Convention on Climate Change and endorse the Rio Declaration and the Forest Principles, and adopt Agenda 21 on behalf of the United States of America. Though Bush refused to sign the Convention on Biological Diversity due to technology transfer language, President Clinton signed it immediately after taking office the next year. 1994 Treaty Implementation Without Treaty ratification ; How the Convention on Biodiversity was defeated;
- 1991 Scientific Panel on Late Successional Forest Ecosystems – “Gang of Four”; Sustainability of the Northwest Forest Plan –Dynamic vs. Static Management (JW Thomas)
- 1992 Al Gore writes”Earth in the Balance”: “We must make the rescue of the global environment the central organizing principle for civilization…. [this] means using every policy and program, every law and institution, every treaty and alliance, every tactic and strategy, every plan and course of action…to halt the destruction of the environment and to preserve and nurture our ecological system. Minor shifts in policy, marginal adjustments in ongoing programs, moderate improvements in laws and regulations, rhetoric offered in lieu of genuine change — these are all forms of appeasement, designed to satisfy the public’s desire to believe that sacrifice, struggle, and a wrenching transformation of society will not be necessary.” pp 269, 274 ;
- 1992Nancy Pelosi Pushes Agenda 21 On House Floor; video start at 11:43:30
- The United States space agency the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) reports that the “ozone hole” over Antarctica grew 15 percent in 1992 and is now nearly the size of the entire North American continent.
1993-2001 Pres. Bill Clinton
(The “Third Way”)
- President Clinton signed the Convention on Biological Diversity immediately after taking office 1994 Treaty Implementation Without Treaty ratification ; How the Convention on Biodiversity was defeated;
- 1993 Pesidential Directive NSC-16 committed to a national goal of achieving sustainable managment of US forests by the year 2000; MOU among federal agencies responsible for data realted to the criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management 01-SU-11130144-010
- Ecosystem management – (Clinton Administration 1993-2001) 1993Vice President Al Gore called for the federal government to adopt an approach for ensuring sustainable economic development while also sustaining the environment through ecosystem management. To carry out the environmental mandate of the National Performance Review, NPR-EPA ; (Re-inventing Government) in August 1993 the White House Office of Environmental Policy (OEP) took the lead for the federal initiative on ecosystem management by establishing the Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force (IEMTF) to carry out Vice President Gore’s mandate; Federal Land Use Control Through Ecosystem Management
- Al Gore, Improving Environmental Management, Accompanying Report of the National Performance Review (Washington: Government Printing Office, September 1993), p. 11. (IEMTF) “The President should issue a directive that: establishes a national policy to encourage sustainable economic development and ensure sustainable ecosystems through ecosystem management;”
- Environmental Diplomacy (State Dept)
- Ecosystem Management Coordinating Group (IEMCG), which focused the resources of 20 federal agencies, to achieve “comprehensive integrated resource management” on an ecosystem basis; ; GAO Report; CRS Report; Ecosystem Management: Federal Agency Activities
- When Congress refused to pass legislation to establish the National Biological Service in 1993, DOI Secretary Babbitt unilaterally created it and shifted funding to it. Our Living Resources a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance and health of US plants, animals and ecosystems
- 1993 Forest Ecosystem Management Team (FEMAT) chartered
- 1993 Office of Federal Environmental Executive
- 1993 Office of Science and Technology Policy establsihed by Executive Order; members;
- 1993-1999 President’s Council on Sustainability; EO President’s Council on Sustainable Development; Orginal Charter Revised Charter Executive Order No. 12852 Amendments to Executive Order No. 12852; Economics and Sustainable Development; Towards a Sustainable America (Rpt.) 1999; Task Forces
- National Forum on Partnerships Supporting Education about the Environment Education for Sustainability;
- APA American Planning Association Growing Smart a Legislative Guidebook Model Statutes for Planning and the Management of Change; Sustainable America, A New Consensus for the Prosperty, Opportunity and a Healthy Environment for the Future
- Reports: Population and Consumption; 1996 Sustainable America: A New Consensus for Prosperity, Opportunity, and A Healthy Environment for the Future, February 1996; Building on Consensus: A Progress Report on Sustainable America; ; Towards a Sustainable America: Advancing Prosperity, ; The Road to Sustainable Development: A Snapshot of Activities in the United States of America, March 1997.; Opportunity, and a Healthy Environment for the 21st Century, May 1999;
- Eco-Efficiency; Energy and Transportation; From Classroom to Community and Beyond: Educating for a Sustainable Future; Sustainable Agriculture; Sustainable Communities Task force Report Fall 1997; Natural Resources, Spring 1999 ; Proceedings of the Workshop on Extended Product Responsibility [held October 21-22, 1996], February 1997; Lessons Learned from Collaborative Approaches
- Federal Interagency Working Group on Sustainable Development Indicators
- 1993, the EPA published a Working Document outlining the Administration’s environmental strategy: “Natural resource and environmental agencies … should … develop a joint strategy to help the United States fulfill its existing international obligations …. The executive branch should direct federal agencies to evaluate national policies … in light of international policies and obligations, and to amend national policies to achieve international objectives.
- 1994-1995 The Twenty-fifth Anniversary Report of the Council on Environmental Quality
- 1994 President Clinton signed Executive Order 12906, “Coordinating Geographic Data Acquisition and Access: the National Spatial Data Infrastructure.”(GAP Analysis)
- 1994 Army Corps of Engineers Managing Water for Drought: The National Drought Study Report on Shared Vision Planning (then called “DPS Method”)
- 1994 United States GAO Report on Ecosystem Management Ecosystem Management: Additional Actions Needed to Adequately Test a Promising Approach.
- 1994 The Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service (hereafter referred to as Services) announce interagency policy to incorporate ecosystem considerations in Endangered Species Act actions regarding listing, interagency cooperation, recovery and cooperative activities.
- 1994 Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project (SNEP) Chartered
- President’s National Science and Technology Council (NSTC 1993) established an Ecosystem Working Group in 1995. The NTSC concluded (1) that pursuit of improved quality of life often threatens the sustainability of ecosystems, (2) continued decreases in productivity and vitality of ecosystems which can result in increased deterioration of ecosystems that are incompletely understood, (3) the basis for human development has been the availability of healthy natural ecosystems and the resources they provide, and (4) that to sustain further human development, the ecological base to support it must be sustained.
- 1995 Rpt. Ecosystem Management: Additional Actions Needed to Adequately Test a Promising Approach; Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force released report in 1995 titled The Ecosystem Approach: Healthy Ecosystems and Sustainable Economies that presented findings and recommendations.
- 1995 First Approximation Report Based on Montreal C& I for forests
- “Community Sustainability; Agendas for Choice-making and Action,” U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, September 22, 1995.
- In January, 1996, the White House executed a Memorandum of Understanding to Foster the Ecosystem Approach (OEP 1996) that was signed by the 14 federal agencies that had participated in the interagency task force on ecosystem management.
- Ecosystem Approach to Fish and Wildlife Conservation 1996; A Framework for Ecosystem Management in Interior Columbia Basin (including parts of the Klamath and Great Basin )
- 1996, President Clinton issued Executive Order (EO) 12986, which stated, in part: “I hereby extend to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources [IUCN] the privileges and immunities that provide or pertain to immunity from suit …. This designation is not intended to abridge in any respect privileges, exemptions, or immunities that the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources may have acquired or may acquire by international agreements or by congressional action.”
- 1996 Scty. of Agriculture established Dept.-wide policy on Sustainable Development ( Scty. Memorandum 9500-6) focusing on sustainable agriculture, sustainable forestry, and sustainable rural community development.
- 1996 President’s Council on Sustainable Development Released report, Sustainable America—A New Consensus Outlined goals for “economic prosperity, environmental protection, and social equity together” (known as the 3 e’s); Included policy recommendation on sustainable forest management:
- 1996 Seventh American Forest Congress developed vision elements and set of principles, many of which include ‘sustainability.’
- Committee of Scientists appointed in 1997 to provide scientific and technical advice to the Secretary of Agriculture and the Chief of the Forest Service on improvements that can be made in the National Forest System Land and Resource Management planning process. Instead, the Committee decalred that ecological sustainability should be given priority over social and economic sustainability:
- 1997 Clinton American Heritage Rivers Initiative;
- 1997 National Assoc. of State Foresters (NASF) approvers Res. No, 1997-6 on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Mgt.
- 1997 Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto
- 1997 Information Provided by the Government of United States to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development Fifth Session 7-25 April 1997, Implementation of Agenda 21: Review of Progress Made Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 1992; Task Force Reports including Towards a Sustainable America: Advancing Prosperity, Opportunity, and a Healthy Environment for the 21st Century, Building on Consensus: A Progress Report on Sustainable America, January 1997 ; The Road to Sustainable Development: A Snapshot of Activities in the United States of America, March 1997.
- 1998 Report of the Conference of the Parties on its seventh session (Climate Change)
- 1998 The Clean Water Initiative‘s – Clean Water Action Plan Administrative initiative called for obliterating 5,000 miles of roads each year on federal land, and setting aside a whopping “two million miles of conservation buffers on agricultural lands.” Article on Legal Challenge
- 1998 Roundtable on Sustainable Forests convenes; The United States participates in working group and becomes a signatory to the Montreal Process; brochure (Seminar of Experts on Sustainable Development of Boreal and Temperate Forests); a comprehensive set of seven national-level criteria and 67 indicators to guide policy development; Criteria/Indicators; Paper submitted to the Montreal Process Working Group 1999
- 1999 National Invasive Species Council (NISC); E.O. 13112
- 1999 Sustainable Rangelands Rountable to “identify indicators of sustainability based on social, economic, and ecological factors, to provide a framework for national assessments of rangelands and rangeland use.”
- 1999 Enlibra Principles at the DEQ
- 1999 Sustainable Minerals Rountable “to support the nation’s commitment to sustainable development” and to “develop indicators of sustainability, based on social, economic, and environmental factors, to provide a means for assessing the status and trends of minerals/materials and energy systems.”
- 1999 “Our Common Journey” NRC at the NAS , to address the research needs for the global commons of atmosphere, land, and water as well as to respond to the Academies’ desire to reinvigorate the role of science and development in sustainable development
- 1999-2003 Interagency Working Group on Sustainable Development Indicators; Proceedings of the National Town Meeting for a Sustainable America, May 2-5, 1999; Towards a Sustainable America: Advancing Prosperity, Opportunity, and a Healthy Environment for the 21st Century, May 1999
- 2000 Federal MOU on Sustainable Forest management Data; making data available on an ongoing basis related to the Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators.
- 2000 Clinton Proclaims New Monuments in Western States; The Great American Land Grab – Range Magazine
- Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 formalized the National Landscape Conservation System (NLCS) which had been created in 2000 administratively
- 2000 US ratifies UN Desertification Treaty
2001-2009 Pres. George. W. Bush
- 2001 Roadless Area Conservation Rule: 58.5 million acres, or about 30%, of National Forest lands; The roadless rule established nationwide prohibitions generally limiting, with some exceptions, timber harvest, road construction, and road reconstruction within these areas of the National Forest System. These nationally-applied prohibitions superceded the management prescriptions for inventoried roadless areas set forward in individual management plans.
The U.S. District Court for the District of Wyoming issued a permanent injunction and set aside the roadless rule on July 14, 2003. The court found that the roadless rule was promulgated in a manner that was illegal, both procedurally and substantively. The court ruled against the government on 5 of 6 claims under the National Environmental Policy Act, and also found that the roadless rule violated the Wilderness Act of 1964 because the timber harvest and road construction prohibitions constitute establishment of de facto wilderness (only Congress can designate wilderness areas). This decision was appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
President Bush modified the regulations allowing states to designate their own roadless areas; 2006 court shot down the Bush modifications; 2006 a ban on road construction was imposed by the court on oil and gas leases; 2009 Secretary of Agriculture issued a directive giving the Secretary of Agriculture final authority on most road development and timber activity in National Forests, for a period of one year.
- 2001 National Fish Habitat Action Plan
- USEPA Smart Growth; About Smart Growth; Smart Growth Strategy; Smart Growth Online ; 2001 Our Built and Natural Environments ; Getting to Smart Growth, Volumes I and II (2002 and 2003, International City/County Management Association and Smart Growth Network)This Is Smart Growth (2006, International City/County Management Association and Smart Growth Network)
- 2001 Bush rejects Kyoto Treaty
- 2001 Report of the Conference of the Parties on its seventh session Marrakesh
- 2001 Sustainable Working Groups on Forests; Rangelands and Mining established
- 2001 Sustainable Forest Data Working Group of the Federal Geographic Data Committee standardization and implementation of sustainability criteria for forests; MOU on Sustainable Forest Management Data; USFS Sustainable Resources Index;
- The Forest Service’s Commitment to Sustainable Forest Management And the Roundtable on Sustainable Forests Forest Service Chief Dale Bosworth Executive Leadership Meeting of the Roundtable on Sustainable Forests Washington, DC — November 14, 2001
- Global Initiatives and Public Policies Conference, McWilliams et al., March 27, 2001
- “Healthy Ecosystems…Healthy Communities” – remarks by Ruth McWilliams USFS 2000
- National Framework for Sustainable Resource Management Dave Radloff; Ruth McWilliams; Phil Janik
- Forest Service’s Role in Fostering Sustainability, Bosworth, May 29, 2001
- Leadership for Sustainable Development within the Forest Service, Dale Bosworth, Jun 27, 2002
- Forest Service and Sustainable Development in 2003 and Beyond, Joel Holtrop, Sep 27, 2002
- 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development Johannesburg, South Africa August 26 – September 4, 2002 Forest Service Responsibilities for Covering and Coordinating Activities
- 2002 Sustainable Water Resources Rountable established as a subgroup of the Advisory Committee on Water Information, part of the Water Information Coordination Program mandated by OMB M-92-01
- 2002 Assessing the Viability and Adaptability of Oregon Communities; Montreal Process; brochure (Seminar of Experts on Sustainable Development of Boreal and Temperate Forests)
- 2002 (rechartered by OMB The 19 member interagency committee Federal Geographic Data Committee [See http://www.geoplatform.gov/home/ ]
- 2003 US National Report on Sustainable Forests provided to the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
- 2004 E.O. 13552 Cooperative Conservation
- 2005 White House Conference on Cooperative Conservation; USFS Cooperative Conservation; Remarks As Prepared by The Hon. Mike Johanns, Secretary U.S. Department of Agriculture
- 2006 Strategic Habitat Conservation Final Report of the National Ecological Assessment Team
- 2006 USDA Roles in Market-Based Environmental Stewardship; Market Based Conservation; CSREES; CSREES Science for Sustainability outcomes and inputs
- 2006 US Army Corps of Engineers – Collaborative Tools & Processes for US Water Solutions ; rpt.;
- 2007 Wild and Scenic Rivers: Charting the Course Navigating the Next 40 Years of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act Recommendations of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Task Force to the National Leadership Council
- 2007 Report of the Conference of the Parties on its thirteenth session, held in Bali ; IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report Geneva; IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis; IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability; IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation
- 2007 Law of the Sea Treaty (LOST) conceived in 1982 would give the United Nations control and jurisdiction over the world’s oceans, nearly three-quarters of the surface of our planet. (Never vratified by Senate)
- 2007 Water Resources Development Act of 2007 used as authority for Army Corps IRWM
- USDA/ FSA “Debt For Nature” farm loan forgiveness in exchange for conservation contract
- 2008 Sept. 12, Federal Register states that Sec. 2031 of Water Resources Development Act of 2007 requires that the Corps use the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). And “There are many definitions of IWRM. One of the most accepted is that of the Global Water Partnership. IWRM is the (planning) process which promotes the co-ordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.” (The U.S. Army Engineer Institute for Water Resources has a Memorandum of Understanding with the Global Water Partnership. )
- 2008 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Informatics Work Group; Subcommittee on Ecological Systems (SES) Committee on Environment and Natural Resources (CENR) National Science and Technology Council
- 2008 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – Building Strong Collaborative Relationships for a Sustainable Water Resources Future Provide a big picture of water planning in the United States, highlight opportunities for more integrated water resources management, collaborate to address comprehensive and integrated state-wide and regional water resource and planning needs. The Army Corps “will not tolerate competition for resources, allow or reinforce a win-lose dynamic that promotes individual competition for resources”
- 2008 USFS Stategic Framework for Responding to Climate Change
2009- Pres. Barack Obama
|“The American system of policymaking has a clear set of principles governing the relations between various actors in the process. Congress, acting on the preferences of the voters who elected it, makes laws that establish the objectives for programs. Administrative agencies, with congressional grants of authority and appropriations of funds, implement the objectives established by Congress. In pursuing their statutory mandates, agencies are expected to marshal expertise, from both within and outside the agency. The role of the courts is to ensure that agencies do not deviate from their statutory mandates.” (Dodd and Schott 1979).|
- 2009 the Strategic Habitat Conservation Executive Oversight Committee (EOC); Vision: Conservation In Transition – the Service is redefining its approach to partnerships by promoting relationships that allow a region’s private, state and federal conservation infrastructure to operate as a system rather than as independent entities…. We propose that the Service and state wildlife agencies (with science and technical support of the U.S. Geological Survey) share responsibility for developing spatially explicit landscape designs for wildlife adaptation.; Strategic Habitat Conservation Handbook – This guide describes the framework for strategic habitat conservation (SHC) enabling the efficient conservation of wildlife populations through habitat management, which is defined as protection of existing habitat, and habitat restoration or manipulation…. Focal species are used to represent the needs of larger guilds of species that use habitats and respond to management similarly
- 2009, President Obama signed the Omnibus Public Land Management Act, which states: “In order to conserve, protect, and restore nationally significant landscapes that have outstanding cultural, ecological, and scientific values for the benefit of current and future generations, there is established in the Bureau of Land Management the National Landscape Conservation System.” [Sec. 2002 (a)] “The Secretary shall manage the system in accordance with any applicable law (including regulations) relating to any component of the system…and in a manner that protects the values for which the components of the system were designated.” [Sec. 2002 (c)]
- 2009 Climate change and water resources management—A federal perspective
- 2009 Recommendation of a National Geographic Framework – The intent is to provide guidance relative to building capacity and geographically focusing efforts to implement landscapescale conservation (Strategic Habitat Conservation) throughout the country; Secretarial Order No. 3289 establishes LCCs; Landscape Conservation Cooperatives Bulletin I (LCCs) will be fundamental units of planning and science capacity that will facilitate strategic on-the-ground conservation at landscape scales through a partnership approach. LCCs will be self-directed partnerships. However, their governance, structure, and operation will be consistent so that they function as units of an integrated network. Each LCC will have a Steering Committee, comprised of executive-level and management-level partner representatives. States within the geographic area served by an LCC will be invited to sit on that LCC’s Steering Committee. Bulletin II; MOU USFWS and USGS on Strengthening the Science/Management Relationship in Landscape Level Conservation of Fish, Wildlife and Their Habitats; Interior’s Plan for a Coordinated, Science-based Response to Climate Change Impacts on our Land, Water and Wildlife Resources– Climate Change (and Energy) Response Council, chaired by the Secretary, which is coordinating activities within and across the bureaus to develop and implement an integrated strategy for climate change response by the Department. Working at the landscape, regional, and national scales through the establishment of 8 DOI Climate Science Centers (CSCs) under the USGS National Climate Change and Wildlife Center ; (Powerpoint); and 22 Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) providing information and best management practices available to support “integrated” strategic adaptation and mitigation efforts at a lanscape level on both public and private lands across the U.S. and internationally. LCCs are true cooperatives, formed and directed by land, water, wildlife and cultural resource managers and interested public and private organizations. Federal, state, tribal, local government and non-governmental management organizations are all invited as partners in their development. Each LCC will be directed by a steering committee representing partners working in that region; www.data.gov
- 2009 USGS Circular 1331 Climate Change and Water Resources Management: A Federal Perspective; Panel Discussion –Coordinating Federal Climate Services for Drought & Water– Western Governors’Association-Western States Water Council Drought and Climate Workshop
- 2009 Cooperative Watershed Management Act, Secure Water Act (Public Law 111-11, Sections 6001-03).
- Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable Report, 2009- 2010
- 2009 EPA issues Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act
- 2009 Partnership for sustainable communities (HUD, EPA, DOT Partnership) also USFS, NOAA includes NGOs as well
- Smart Growth; Office of Sustainable Communities
- Smart Growth and Open Space Conservation
- Making Smart Growth Happen
- Team-EJ (Environmental Justice)(HUD, EPA, DOT)
- The Partnership for Sustainable Communities
- Partnership for Sustainable Communities: Supporting Environmental Justice and Equitable Development
- Partnership for Sustainable Communities: A Year of Progress for American Communities (PDF)
- ICMA releases Putting Smart Growth to Work in Rural Communities
- HUD U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities FY2011 Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grants
- White House hosted an online chat to discuss the progress that the Partnership for Sustainable Communities is making (2010) Video
- 2009 Van Jones Green Economy: President Obama’s Green Economy
- Green Economy – A green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities – United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (2010). A green economy is a economy or economic development model based on sustainable development and a knowledge of ecological economics. Its most distinguishing feature from prior economic regimes is direct valuation of natural capital and nature’s services as having economics value (see TEEB and Bank of Natural Capital) and a full cost accounting regime in which costs externalized onto society via ecosystems are reliably traced back to, and accounted for as liabilities of, the entity that does the harm or neglects an asset.
- 2009 COP 15 Coppenhagen UN Climate Change Conference; Coppenhagen Accord
- 2009 Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States; An Agenda for Climate Impacts Science
- 2009 E.O. 13514—Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance; Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan; advance regional and local integrated planning by: (v) coordinating with regional programs for Federal, State, tribal, and local ecosystem, watershed, and environmental management; (j) sustain environmental management, including by: (i) continuing implementation of formal environmental management systems at all appropriate organizational levels; and (ii) ensuring these formal systems are appropriately implemented and maintained to achieve the performance necessary to meet the goals of this order; FedCenter.gov compliance assistance and environmental stewardship portal
- 2010 Progress Report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force ; BLM Rapid Ecoregional Assessments (REAs); Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring (AIM) Strategy
- 2010 Executive Order Establishing the National Ocean Council to administratively implement the Law of The Sea Treaty that the Senate would not ratify. Thirty states will be encroached upon by Obama’s Executive Order establishing the National Ocean Council for control over America’s oceans, coastlines and the Great Lakes. Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (Incorporates portions of the 1992 Rio Declaration)
- 2010 PES – Payments for Ecosystem Services – Forest Service
- 2010 NSTC Committee on Environment, Natural Resources, and Sustainability Committee on Environment, Natural Resources, and Sustainability Charter
- 2010 United States Geological Survey Report to the Ecological Restoration for Continental Conservation Workshop
- In 2010, House Resolution HR 5101 the ‘‘Wildlife Corridors Conservation Act of 2010” was introduced, and didn’t make it into law.
- 2010 Scty. Salazar Treasured Landscapes Agenda
- 2010 National Geographic Framework; LCC Information Bulletin 2 “A national geographic framework provides a continental platform to which the Service can connect project- and site-specific efforts to larger biological goals and outcomes. This is particularly important as we work with partners to develop national strategies to help wildlife adapt in a climate-changed world. A geographical frame of reference also allows us to more precisely explain to partners, Congress, and the American public why, where and how we target resources for landscape-scale conservation how our efforts connect to a greater whole. ”
- On November 15, 2010, Secretary Salazar issued Order 3308. Although a multiple use agency, BLM is now directed to manage the National Conservation Lands (Monuments) & waters for “conservation first” (Source Conservation Lands Foundation) “The National Conservation Lands (formally the National Landscape Conservation System) is the nation’s newest, permanently protected collection of public lands- 28 million acres of nationally significant landscapes set aside for current and future generations because of their outstanding cultural, ecological and scientific importance.” Secretary Salazar Establishes New Directorate For National Landscape Conservation System -Elevated management focus for 27 million acres of nationally significant public lands
- Report: Department of Interior employees collaborate with lobbyists:
- Probe of Enviro Groups Lobbying Scandal Urged Congressional Probe Urged Of Enviro Groups lobbying Interior Department Agency U.S. Rep. Rob Bishop (R-UT), ranking Member on the U.S. House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Parks and Public Lands, who said that he was informed of the investigation involving the Wilderness Society, National Wildlife Federation and possible improper contacts with the National Landscape Conservation System (NLCS) on September 18
- 2010 Leaked internal Dept. of Interior memo on potential new National Monument Designations
- 2010 DOI Secretarial Order 3310 on declaring Wild lands
- 2010 Introduced H. R. 5101 to expand the science and stewardship of America’s most important wildlifecorridors. Land and Water Conservation Fund to acquire private lands for “protection”; Land and Water Conservation Fund: Overview, Funding History, and Current Issues 2006
- 2010 Through a Fish’s Eye: The Status of Fish Habitats In The United States ; The National Fish Habitat Action Plan map and data web tool
- 2010 Obama’s Executive Order establishing the National Ocean Council for control over America’s oceans, coastlines and the Great Lakes. (Implements LOST – Law of the Sea Treaty that the Senate refused to ratify.) Interim Framework for Effective Coastal and Marine Spatial PlanningInteragency Ocean Policy Task Force 2009 – The report says that it will be guided by the Rio Declaration
- 2010 The WaterSMART Program and implementation of the Secure Water Act Public Law 111-11; West-Wide Climate Risk Assessments (Includes the Klamath); SECURE Water Act Report; BoR Water Conservation Field Services Program (Planning; Implementation); Basin Study Framework – Through the Basin Study Program, Reclamation will partner with basin stakeholders to conduct comprehensive studies to define options for meeting future water demands in river basins in the West where imbalances in supply and demand exist or are projected. Reclamation will collaborate with willing states and local entities on a 50/50 cost-share basis to conduct the studies; Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ken Salazar, signed an Executive Order establishing a water sustainability strategy for the United States called WaterSMART. (Sustain and Manage America’s Resources for Tomorrow) . PowerPoint; Order 3297 creating US Program- the order states “Working within existing relationships and developing new partnerships with the States and Tribes to collaborate on implementation of the WaterSMART Strategy.” [Note local governments are not mentioned.}; DOI WaterSMART Strategic Implementation Plan; 2011 Federal Register Notice; The United Nations also has a WaterSMART campaign, and this campaign includes Integrated Water Resources Management. UN Water Smart (Water for Life) program
- 2010 Western States Federal Agency Support Team (WestFAST) is a collaboration between 11 Federal agencies with water management responsibilities in the West. WestFAST was established to support the Western States Water Council created 1965 (WSWC), Work Plan: Water Needs & Strategies for a Sustainable Future: Next Steps; and the Western Governors Association in coordinating Federal efforts regarding water resources. National Collaborative Water Resources Conference – “Collaborating for a Sustainable Water Resources Future” (Army Corps pushes Integrated Resource Mgt.)
- 2010 Water—the Nation’s Fundamental Climate Issue A White Paper on the U.S. Geological Survey Role and Capabilities
- 2010 Army Corps of Engineers: Achieving Environmental Sustainability (2010) The project contributes to Corps acheivement of environmental sustainability. Specific outputs facilitating the benefit include 1) an issues management framework forsustainabiity improvement, 2) a new metric for measuring environmental benefit, 3)new sustainability definitions and statements of principle, 4) new assessment USACEsustainability status, 5) recommendations for policy changes, 6) performance indicatorsfor measuring sustainability achievement, 7) a conceptual basis for a focused researchand development plan, 8) Integrated Resource Management and collaborative planning9) a watershed-based regional systems approach to resource management planning,and 10) a systems approach to individual project planning, 11) an assessment offreshwater species sustainability status; Shared Vision Plannig; Sustainable Rivers Projects – U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and The Nature Conservancy partnership; Building Strong Watersheds Together – A National Water Resources Investment Model; The State of Water (powerpoint)
- 2010, the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force, co-chaired by the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), released its interagency report outlining recommendations to President Obama for how Federal Agency policies and programs can better prepare the United States to respond to the impacts of climate change. Interagency Work Group on Climate Change (Powerpt.) ; 2010 Progress Report. also recommended the development of a national climate adaptation strategy focused on fish, wildlife and plants, and a national strategy to build the resilience of coastal, ocean, and Great Lakes ecosystems to climate change and ocean acidification. Governments will increasingly be planning to manage the risks from the impacts of climate change on a range of resources other than water resources (e.g.; energy, human health, soil resources, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, ecosystem, nonwater infrastructure.) 2010 USGCRP Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States Report;
- 2010 U.S. REDD+ Programs – Addressing Climate Change by Conserving and Restoring the World’s Forests; U.S. REDD+ Programme
- 2011 Council on Environmental Quality releases a Draft National Action Plan for Managing Freshwater Resources in a Changing ClimateEstablish a Planning Process to Adapt Water Resources Management to a Changing Climate; Establish an organizational framework; Strengthen the role of river basin commissions in climate change adaptation; An organizational framework should account for the other significant challenges to sustainable water resources management that exist apart from climate change. Some of the major challenges include: depletion of aquifers in many regions of the nation and saltwater intrusion into aquifers in coastal areas; nutrient enrichment of rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and estuaries; aging infrastructure for storing and delivering water to users, for treating waste water, for navigation, and for flood protection; emerging contaminants in groundwater and surface water that threaten human health and aquatic species; and the need for water to support the protection and restoration of aquatic ecosystems. Federal agencies should work with States and river basin commissions to provide the financial and technical assistance needed to establish or strengthen river basin commissions to conduct a range of water resources planning functions. Priority should be given to proposals to address climate change adaptation challenges such as coordinated management of water supply and energy production, planning for limited water availability, and coordination to protect the health of large aquatic ecosystems stressed by climate change, including downstream coastal areas.
- Working Groups will be lead by the EPA/DOI/CEQ The Interagency Climate Change Task Force has also called for the creation of Regional consortia to address climate adaptation needs of each region. Federal agency water resources program managers should participate in these regional collaborations and reach out to stakeholders at the regional level. The Advisory Committee on Water Information (ACWI) is an existing public advisory group chartered under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) to advise the Federal government on water issues. The Committee is managed by the Department of the Interior and advises a range of Federal agencies on water matters. ACWI includes a range of stakeholders with interests in water management, including States, Tribes, and other water related interest groups . ACWI operates through an extensive subcommittee structure but does not currently have a subcommittee addressing issues relating to climate change.
- 2011 USFS proposed Forest Planning Rule (biodiversity, ecosystem sustainability etc.)
- 2011 Publications: Western Forestry Leadership Coalition Strategic Plan 2011; Private Forests Public Benefits; Cooperating Across Bopundaries; Partnership to conserve open space across rural America; Four Threats to the Health of the Nation’s Forests and Grasslands; Threats to At-Risk Species in America’s Private Forests; Open Space Conservation Strategy; Sustaining America’s Urban Trees and Forests: Forest-land conversion, ecosystem services, and economic issues for policy: a review; A sensitivity analysis of “Forests on the Edge: Housing Development on America’s Private Forests.” ; A closer look at forests on the edge: future development on private forests in three states. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-758; National forests on the edge: development pressures on America’s national forests and grasslands.
- 2011 President Obama’s American Great Outdoors Report from “listening sessions” held in major urban areas Executive Summary “A Promise to Future Generations”; “All Lands Approach” – A growing awareness exists that protecting our natural and cultural heritage requires an “all-lands” approach, i.e., working across all ownerships types across a landscape.; Recommendation 8.3: Manage federal lands and waters to create and protect critical wildlife corridors and maintain landscape connectivity in collaboration with other public and private stakeholders. Recommendation 8.4: Engage the public to identify and recommend potential sites on existing federal lands for protection under the 1906 Antiquities Act.
- EPA News Release President Obama Announces Plan for Community-Based Conservation through the America’s Great Outdoors Initiative
- President Obama’s America’s Great Outdoors Initiative; Presidential Memorandum; Great Outdoors America – A 21st Century Treasured Landscapes Agenda (The Klamath is mentioned); The Man With the White Hat; “Transition to Green” plan for the Obama Administration
- National Blueways Initiative proposed in America’s Great Outdoors report; Recommendation 9.1, Action Item 9.1a &b
- NBSAP National Biological Surveys and Action Plans
- 2011 Tax Dollar Tracker: Despite Claims of Fiscal Responsibility, Budget Dramatically Increases Spending for Government Land Acquisition;
- Obama wants to double conservation spending, buy more federal land
- H.R.1473 Department of Defense and Full-Year Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 – (now law) BLM – Land Acquisition’ shall be $22,000,000; USFWS- Land Acquisition’ shall be $55,000,000; National Park Service – Land Acquisition and State Assistance’ shall be $95,000,000; Forest Service, Land Acquisition’ shall be $33,000,000
o The Obama Administration proposes to “fully fund” ($900 million a year) the
- Army Corps Institute for Water Resources (IWR) Signs Agreement with UNESCO Center in the Dominican Republic The IWR “hosts” the International Center for Integrated Water Resources Management (ICIWaRM). ICIWaRM is a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) “Category 2” Center—an institution “under the auspices of UNESCO” but operated by the host country. ICIWaRM was officially created by an agreement between the U.S. Government and UNESCO in October 2009. Chapter 18 of Agenda 21 requires that all States implement integrated watershed management plans “for the protection and conservation of the potential sources of freshwater supply, including … protection of mountain slopes and riverbanks and other relevant development and conservation activities.” The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that integrated water resources management (IWRM) should be the “instrument to explore adaptation measures to climate change.” According to the Global Water Partnership, IWRM development and management of water, land, and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems.” IWRM strategies are based on the four Dublin Principles presented at the World Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.: Fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life, development and the environment. Water development and management should be based on a participatory approach, involving users, planners and policy-makers at all levels. Women play a central part in the provision, management and safeguarding of water.Water is a public good and has a social and economic value in all its competing uses. Powerpts: Moving National Direction Toward a Sustainable Water Future; Federal Support Toolbox for IWRM; Climate Change and Water Resources Management: A federal perspective
- Western States Water Council; (Appt. by Governors of 18 western states) 2010 workplan; Resolution on water mgt.; WestFAST currently consists of 11 federal agencies, that support the Council; (fact sheet); 2011 Work Plan; NIDIS National Integrated Drought Information System – Creating a Drought Early Warning System for the 21st Century
2011 Integrated Water Resources Science and Services Consortia ( IWRSS) Collaborative Science, Services and Tools to Support Integrated and Adaptive Water Resources Management 50 States and 12 -> 24 Federal Agencies, regional service agents for stakeholder participation, Coordinated National/RegionalWorkflow and Operations; www.water.gov; Building Strong Collaborative Relationships for a Sustainable Water Resources Future The Federal Support Toolbox for Integrated Water Resources Management (FTB) (Involves the Nature Conservancy): Shared policy, authorities, and best practices; Sustain water quality; Minimize flood and drought impacts; Promote conservation ecosystem management and health; Optimize water allocation and use; Maximize hydropower generation; Planning and Policy; Foster coordinated water policy; Balance competing needs; Support adaptive water s· upply planning; Build community resilience; Sustain economic growth; Agency Interoperability Charter and MOUs, River Basin Commissions, regional implementation
· 2011 USFWS (DOI) and NOAA Proposes to administratively amend the Endangered Species Act through Rulemaking ; Department of the Interior Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Regulatory Review
- 28406 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 95 / Tuesday, May 17, 2011 / Proposed RulesCritical Habitat
- Listing Setllement on 250 species
- Candidate Conservation
- Endangered and Threatened Species – Preventing Extinction Achieving Recovery; Pamphlet
- Endangered Species – Tools for Conservation Partnerships
· 2011 USFS “All Lands” approach Watershed Condition Framework A Framework for Assessing and Tracking Changes to Watershed Condition ; USDA Agroforestry Strategic Framework, Fiscal Year 2011–2016 ; Region 5 Ecological Restoration Leadership Intent – “sustainable ecosystems”and “sustainable delivery of ecosystem services”
· 2011 Cooperative Watershed Management Program Phase I of WaterSMART “BIA will identify alternative funding sources with Federal, state and local agencies to study shared watersheds (e.g., Cooperative Watershed Management Program authorized by P.L. 111-11) and assist tribes in developing cooperative agreements for shared management of local resources that include both state and Federal concerns.
· 2011 Committee on Incorporating Sustainability in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; National Research Council Report
· 2011 The Fed Audit
· 2011 Federal Partners Unite to Help Rural Communities with Environmental and Economic; Goals; Partnership for Sustainable Communities; EPA/HUD SmartGrowth; Supporting Sustainable Rural Communities – Partnership for Sustainable Communities
· 2011 IBD report Regulation Business, Jobs Booming Under Obama -Regulatory agencies have seen their combined budgets grow a healthy 16% since 2008, topping $54 billion, according to the annual “Regulator’s Budget,” compiled by George Washington University and Washington University in St. Louis. …employment at these agencies has climbed 13% since Obama took office to more than 281,000…
· 2011 Presidential Executive Order 13547 to unilaterally implement a new National Ocean Policy (Lacks Congressional Authorization; Unilateral Action by the Obama Administration; Imposes Ocean/Coastal Zoning; Creates federally-dominated Regional Planning Bodies with no representation from the people being regulated.) Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force: Interim Report
· 2011 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Healthy Watersheds Initiative (HWI) National Framework and Action Plan. The HWI is intended to protect the nation’s remaining healthy watersheds, prevent them from becoming impaired, and accelerate restoration successes. Plan (Similar complementary approaches also have been adopted by the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and the Departments of the Interior and Commerce – National Fish Habitat Action Plan, http://www.fishhabitat.org/ (regional Fish Habitat Partnerships, regional habitat planning)and the U.S. Forest Service – Watershed Condition Framework).
· Inter-Agency Forum on Climate Change Impacts & Adaptations March 21, 2011
· Rural Economic Vitalization Act (REVA) Introduced in Congress – bill would buy out public lands grazers using third party funds
· 2011 Sustainability and the U.S. EPA (NAS report)to provide an operational framework for integrating sustainability as one of the key drivers within the regulatory responsibilities of EPA: Adopt comprehensive Sustainability Framework to identify options, assessments and analyses that cover the three sustainability pillars (social – including health, environmental, and economic), as well as trade-off considerations into its decision making. The experts say they found the legal authority for EPA to foster sustainable development without further congressional approval in the wording of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, or NEPA. The study says the law, the cornerstone of U.S. environmental policy, declared that the “continuing policy of the Federal Government” is to “create and maintain conditions, under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations.”
· 2012 Rep. Hastings Guest Opinion: Ocean policy reaches far beyond the sea
· 2012 FICOR Federal Interagency Council on Outdoor Recreation (FICOR) was established through President Obama’s America’s Great Outdoors initiative (AGO) to promote recreation and improve coordination among federal land and water management agencies. (Press Release)
· National Strategy Proposed to Respond to Climate Change’s Impacts on Fish, Wildlife, Plants Public Review Strategy document; Strategy Fact Sheet ; Proposed strategies and actions along with checklists to monitor progress are organized under seven major goals in the Strategy: (1) conserving and connecting habitat; (2) managing species and habitats; (3) enhancing management capacity; (4) supporting adaptive management; (5) increasing knowledge; (6) Increasing awareness and motivating action; and (7) reducing stresses not caused by climate change.
· USFWS lays out its Climate Change Strategy for wildlife, ecosystems, people and economies.The draft strategy is available for public review and comment through March 5, 2012
· Obama Administration’s “We can’t wait” policy
· 2012 Interagency Trade Enforcement Center established by E.O.
· Secretary Salazar and Rebecca Wodder “America’s Rivers” Rivers Chat (Youtube) Secretary Salazar signed a Secretarial Order that establishes “national water trails” as a class of national recreational trails under the National Trails System Act of 1968.
· USFWS proposes regulations to comply with implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora by incorporating provisons adopted at the Conference of the Parties (CoP14 and 15) Federal Register Volume 77, Number 46 (Thursday, March 8, 2012)] [Proposed Rules] [Pages 14200-14223]
· WICP/ACWI Sustainable Water Resources Rountable; Building a Smarter Planet:Innovation in Smarter Water Managment; SWRR brief; SWRR website; Sustainable Water Resources Preliminary Report, September 2005 ; Kranz, R., S. Gasteyer, H.R. Heintz Jr, R. Shafer, and A. Steinman. 2004. Conceptual Foundations for the Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable. Water Resources Update. 127:11-19.(USFS co-chair)
· EPA Sustainable Water Infrastructure: Better management, full cost pricing, efficiency, watershed-based approach
· 2012 U.S. Water Partnership
· 2012 Southwest Climate Assessment Report Review; Estimated Effects of Climate Change on Flood Vulnerability of U.S. Bridges; Tidally adjusted estimates of topographic vulnerability to sea level rise and flooding for the contiguous United States”
· Treaties under consideration by the Administration and Senate for signature and ratification: International Criminal Court; Law of the Sea; Small Arms Treaty; U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC): Video briefing
· Law of the Sea Treaty: McConnell Toomey Isakson Commit to Vote AGAINST – Portman Ayotte Uncommitted!; Congress needs to tell Law of the Sea Treaty to get lost; UN General Assembly September 17, 1997 Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly (see item 36 Oceans and seas- implements Agenda 21 Chapter 17 – 36(b) All Governments to implement General Assembly resolution 51/189 of 16 December 1996, including the strengthening of institutional links to be established between the relevant intergovernmental mechanisms involved in the development and implementation of integrated coastal zone management. 2011 Presidential Executive Order 13547 to unilaterally implement a new National Ocean Policy; Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force: Interim Report; (House Natural Resources Committee) Chairman Hastings Calls on Obama Admin. to Provide Transparent Answers to Outstanding Questions, Disclose Documents on National Ocean Policy Prior to Imposing Final Implementation Plan
- Boxer, Feinstein seek to expand federal wilderness land in California
- California Wildlife: Conservation Challenges, California’s Wildlife Action Plan;
- Calcog California Association of Councils of Governments
- CAPPs – Conceptual Area Protection Plan – targeting an area for aquisition
- CAl EPA Environmental Justice Strategy
- The California Continued Resource Investment Strategy Program CCRISP (California Legacy program) The California Legacy Project
- CA Legacy Project; Digital Conservation Atlas; CA Watershed Portal
- California Foothills Legacy Area Proposal (Conservation Easements) ; ‘Foothills Legacy’ plan targets massive swath of county, Central Valley (nearly 500,000 acres locally and 3.4 million statewide); Planning Update; Fact Sheet; Tehama County conservation easements likely to spawn debate – emphasis areas: Tehama Foothills; Sierra Foothills; the San Benito Hills and the Sequoia Foothills.California Rangeland Conservation Coalition Focus Area Prioritization Map; California Rangeland Resolution with Signatories; Coalition website
- CA GAP analysis; data portol
- California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project: A Strategy for Conserving a Connected California (DFG)
- California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project (CalTrans & DFG); 2010 Master Plan
- California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project Work Plan April 2009 (AB2785: Requires CDFG to map essential wildlife corridors and habitat linkages.) California Essential Habitat Connectivity Project
- Appendix B In Spreadsheet Format
- Appendix C in Spreadsheet Format
- Lookup Table for Column Labels – Detailed Characteristics of Natural Landscape Blocks
- CALTrans “Regional Blueprints”2010, Regional Progress Report tracking progress toward sustainability; Map of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) and Region Transportation Planning Agencies; CA Essential Habitat Connectivity Project; CA Interregional Blueprint (CIB) Process Graph (3Es of Sustainability –Prosperous Economy • Social Equity • Quality Environment )The California Interregional Blueprint (Rural) (Tribal)
- CA DFG Strategic Visioning process – stakeholder group stacked with tribes and environmental groups
- Support Materials
- Fact Sheet (PDF)
- Executive Summary (PDF, 7 pages with map)
- What It Is/ What It Is Not (PDF)
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About the Data (PDF)
- Technical Presentation (PDF)
- CalTrans Web Site – with links to videos of recorded meetings, agendas, summaries, handouts, and presentations.
- According to the CA Water Update, California’s water policy is patterned after Europe’s
- WFD EU Water Framework Directive ; Common Implementation Strategy (CIS) for the Water Framework Directive; Implementation;
- Integrated River Basin Management Planning (RBMP)
- Integrated Regional Water Management (IRWM) climate change resources
- “Climate Change Characterization and Analysis in California Water Resources Planning Studies“
- California’s Climate Adaptation Water Strategy: An Analysis of Implications for Individual and Community Rights and Responsibilities ; Learning Together to Manage Together – Improving participation in water management (EU)
- IRWM Climate Change Document Clearinghouse
- DWR Land Use and Climate Change Activities Summary
- Climate Change Vulnerability Matrix
- CEQA Greenhouse Gas Analysis Guidance for DWR Grantees
- DWR, the California Water and Environmental Modeling Forum, with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Institute for Water Resources implemented Shared Vision Planning; brochure ; Responding to Climate Change Impacts to California’s Water Resources; Example Bow River Project;
- DWR completed and released for public comment its Department-wide Draft Climate Action Plan Phase I: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan (2012)
- State Water Resources Control Board Adopts the concept of Sustainability as a core value for State Water Resources Control Board programs and directs future actions; Strategic Plan Update; Update 2010; 20X2020 Water Conservation Plan;
- CA Water Plan Update ; Water Plan Framework for Integrated Water Management and Sustainability
- Incorporation of Climate Change goals into Regional Strategies; 2006 DWR Progress on Incorporating Climate Change into Management of California’s Water Resources.Technical Memorandum Report. Climate Change Handbook for Regional Water Planning;
- Work teams
- – Sustainable development in Land Use Planning and Management
- LEED Green Building rating system
- Water Conservation Act of 2009 (Draft) Guidebook to Assist Urban Water Suppliers with 2010 Urban Water Management Plans:(Smart Growth)
- Sustainability Policy, an Environmental Stewardship Policy was formally adopted on October 29, 2010 to support a “Total Resource Management”; Goals for sustainability; Climate Change Adaptation Strategy; Climate Change website
- California Natural Resource Agency white paper “The Future of Natural Resource Management”; CA Biodiversity Council; CA Bioregions; Klamath North Coast
- 2009 Tribal Water Summit “Protect Our Sacred Water“;Recommended Actions; meeting summaries
- CA Water Plan Update 2013 Sustainability Indicators Workshop August 24, California Footprint Sustainability Indicators;
- 2009 California Natural Resources Agency (CNRA). 2009 California Climate Adaptation Strategy.
- Climate Change, Land Use, And Infrastructure Web Portal
- 2009 CA Climate Adaptation Strategy
- Gov Schwarzenegger Executive Order S-3-05 Climate Change
- CA Climate Action Team
- Cal-Adapt Climate Change
- CARB Climate Change Proposed Scoping Plan
- CA SB 375, the Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008 already requires “sustainable communities.” SB 375 instructs the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to set regional emissions reduction targets from passenger vehicles. The Metropolitan Planning Organization [urban areas primarily http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Planning_Organization] for each region must then develop a “Sustainable Communities Strategy” (SCS) that integrates transportation, land-use and housing policies to plan for achievement of the emissions target for their region.
- California Strategic Growth Council ; SB 732; 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature; Exec. Order S-04-10; “Vision California” – Report Charting our Future (New Land Use Policy); (Exec. Sum); Rapid Fire Modeling ; draft Strategic Plan ; Staff report: SGC Strategic Plan 1/24/12; California Strategic Growth Council Strategic Plan 2012-2014
- California Consensus on Federal Transportation Authorization for 2009
- CA Health in All Policies Task Force
- Strategic Planning Session Workbook
- “SMART” goal (i.e., specific, measureable, achievable, results-oriented, time-bound)
- Regional Advanced Mitigation Planning (RAMP); Statewide Advance Mitigation Initiative (SAMI) (mitigation Banking); CalTrans MOU; SAMI vs. RAMO Q&As
- California Dept. of Conservation California Sustainable Communities – Emerald Cities Pilot Projects; Emerald Cities Collaborative
- The CA Attorney General’s Registry of Charitable Trusts
- CA Climate Registy and Operations Protocol
- DWR Climate Change Handbook for Regional Water Planning; Climate Change; Sustainable Water Resources Rountable; SWRR brief; California Footprint – Sustainability Indicators; Satellite Indicators of Vegetation Condition, Crop Canopy Development, and Agricultural Water Use in California; Ecological Footprint of California: Globel Footprint Network in Support of EPA’s California Footprint Project; Groundwater Estimates from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (Grace) Applications to the State of California in Support of California Footprints
- DFG’s Internal Climate Change Task Force; Unity, Integration, and Action: DFG’s Vision for Confronting Climate Change in California
AB 32 and SB 375 Legal Analysis Resources
The Institute for Local Government has prepared a legal analysis of Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008 (sometimes known by its legislative identity: SB 375) explaining how this law specifically affects local agencies.
The Institute has also prepared a legal analysis of the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (sometimes known by its legislative identity: AB 32) explaining how this law affects local agencies as it relates to sustainability and greenhouse gas emissions reduction.
These documents are available for download at right under Documents & Resources.
On September 8, 2010, the Institute hosted a webinar on the legal aspects of SB 375 (the Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008) and AB 32 (the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006).
Transform’s SB375 Fact Sheet
AB 857 ; Analysis; The Opportunity of the Environmental Goals and Policy Report and AB 857: A State Vision of Sustainabile Development
SB 732 ; Strategic Growth Council
SCAG California’s Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act (SB 375) Fact sheet
Western Climate Initiative
On February 26, 2007, Governors Napolitano of Arizona, Schwarzenegger of California, Richardson of New Mexico, Kulongoski of Oregon, and Gregoire of Washington signed an agreement establishing the Western Climate Initiative (WCI), a joint effort to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and address climate change. Since that time, the governors of Utah and Montana, as well as the premiers of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec (not shown above) have joined. An additional 14 jurisdictions participate as observers, including the U.S. states of Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada, and Wyoming; the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan; and the Mexican border states of Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, and Tamaulipas. In the Initiative’s Memorandum of Understanding, WCI members agreed to jointly set a regional emissions target and establish a market-based system—such as a cap-and-trade program covering multiple economic sectors—to aid in meeting this target. In August 2007, the Western Climate Initiative announced its regional, economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions target of 15 percent below 2005 levels by 2020, or approximately 33 percent below business-as-usual levels. The regional target is designed to be consistent with existing targets set by individual member states and does not replace these goals. Covered emissions include the six primary greenhouse gases identified by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. In September 2008, the WCI released Design Recommendations for a cap-and-trade program; beginning in 2012, the program will cover emissions from electricity and large industrial and commercial sources, and it will cover emissions from transportation and other residential, commercial, and industrial fuel use beginning in 2015. In July 2010, the WCI Partners released the Design for the WCI Regional Program, a comprehensive strategy designed to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, stimulate development of clean-energy technologies, create green jobs, increase energy security, and protect public health. It is a plan to reduce regional GHG emissions to 15 percent below 2005 levels by 2020, and is the culmination of two years of work by seven U.S. states and four Canadian provinces. It builds on the recommendations for a regional cap-and-trade program that the Partners released in September 2008. The WCI builds on work already undertaken individually by the participating states and provinces, as well as two earlier regional agreements: the Southwest Climate Change Initiative of 2006, which includes Arizona and New Mexico, and the West Coast Governors’ Global Warming Initiative of 2003, which includes California, Oregon, and Washington.
- Legacy, The Landscape Connection; Vision Map
- The Siskiyou Project (Siskiyou Wild Rivers)
- Klamath Siskiyou Wildlands – “Siskiyou Crest” Monument Proposal – America’s First Climate Refuge
- College of the Siskiyous Sustainable Communities Program
- Transition US (An international re-localization and community sustainability movement called “Transition Network” – Transitioning from Oil Dependence to Local Resilience)
- Transition 101
- Shasta Commons (transition town)
- Mt. Shasta Bioregional Ecology Center Regional Conservation Plan
- Klamath Corridors –http://www.brunswickme.org/planning/ruralsmartgrowth/rbsg.Final.Report.revised.1.08.04.pdf (very slow download) “Noss (1987), however, argues in favor of corridors by noting that natural systems are far more connected than those heavily shaped by humans. It is with this argument and the abundance of information regarding the perceived benefits of corridors that corridor projects have been proposed around the world. Examples of existing regional wildlife corridor projects in North America include the Klamath Corridors in the Klamath National Forest (Pace 1991), the Rio Grande Wildlife Corridor along approximately 450 miles of that river (Harris and Scheck 1991), and the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative (Barker 1997).
“The Klamath Corridors Project was developed by the Klamath Forest Alliance, a coalition of grassroot environmental and community organizations located in and around the Klamath Forest on the California/Oregon border. The project is based on the premise that the most effective way to discourage effects of forest fragmentation is to retain or re-establish natural connectivity. The project makes maximum use of existing reserved (public or otherwise protected) land, since these areas tend to be the largest blocks of unfragmented habitat in a region, and uses corridors that consist of entire drainages and ridgelines. ”
- 1992 the World Conservation Union declared the Klamath-Siskiyou to be an Area of Global Botanical Significance,
- 1992-1995 Freedom.org Klamath/Siskiyou Region – The IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) has declared this area to be of Global Botanical Significance, one of seven such areas in North America and 200 worldwide. An effort is being made to designate the area as a UN Biosphere Reserve, according to The Wildlands Project. The NGO coordinating the work is the Klamath Forest Alliance; Reed Noss, author of The Wildlands Project, was selected to direct the work. The project seeks not only to develop a successful bioregional plan for Klamath/Siskiyou, but also to develop methods for planning and implementation that are transferrable to other regions. The area covers approximately four million hectares, about one-third in Oregon and the balance in California. The project is funded by the W. Alton Jones Foundation, the Foundation for Deep Ecology, The Wildlands Project, the U.S.D.A. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- 1995, work began on an ambitious Klamath-Siskiyou Biodiversity Conservation Plan, sponsored by the Siskiyou Regional Education Project of Cave Junction, in partnership with the World Wildlife Fund.
- 1997 The First Conference on Siskiyou Ecology introduction to the Proceedings of the First Conference on Siskiyou Ecology by Art Kruckeberg and Frank Lang; Research in the Siskiyou and Klamath Mountain Regions; petition sent from the conference to President Clinton, calling upon him to preserve “for posterity the principal values of biodiversity, ecological stability, and aesthetic enrichment which the Klamath-Siskiyou Province represents.”
- 1999 Noss and Strittholt A Science-based Conservation Assessment for the Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion; Full report; The Sikiyou Regional Education Project paid for by W Alton Jones Foundation.
- 2001 (WorldWildlife Federation, Noss) Klamath-Siskiyou Forests Recommendations
- 2001 Roadless proposal Map of the Klamath National Forest; Six Rivers; Shasta Trinity ; Modoc; Rogue River
- 2002 Importance of Roadless Areas in Biodiversity Conservation in Forested Ecosystems: Case Study of the Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion of the United States, James R. Strittholt, Dominick A. DellasalaAlso, small roadless areas were an important component of the roadless-areas conservation assessment. For the Klamath-Siskiyou ecoregion, roadless areas and designated wilderness provide an important foundation upon which to develop a comprehensive regional conservation strategy.
- 2003 A Conservation Visions for the Klamath Basin ; The Klamath Basin Coalition ; Protected Areas Map
- 2003 Klamath – Siskiyou Private Lands Conservation Assessment (CBI) identified “19 private land focus areas within the Klamath-Siskiyou that contain high conservation value based on an unweighted analysis of the various conservation data sets. Second, we offer the private lands GIS database with full instructions on how to query specific conservation data sets and how to produce alternative models for the region.” (WWF)
- 2004 The Nature Conservancy Klamath Mountains Ecoregional Assessment
- 2004 CA Wilderness Coalition Developing a Habitat Linkage Network for the North Coastal Basin and Klamath-Siskiyou Regions of Northwestern California
- 2005 California’s Most Threatened Wild Places (WWF)
- 2005 Klamath River Basin Conservation Area Restoration Program; Annual Report
- 2006 Applying nature’s design: corridors as a strategy for biodiversity conservation (Siskiyou National Monument – a wildlife highway for the Klamath-Siskiyou Ecoregion)
- “Landscapes and Fire & Klamath-Siskiyou Nat’l Monument”(Video) Landscapes and Fire & Klamath-Siskiyou Nat’l Monument (ban on grazing) National Center for Conservation Biology and Policy
- Pacific Forest Trust BLM Land Acquisition Adds 900 Acres to Oregon’s Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument to Biodiversity (Pacific Forest Trust)
- Pacific Forest Trust – They have purchased 5,000 acres thusfar from “willing sellers” within the boundaries and have already transferred more than half of these to federal ownership in the National Monument.
- 2007 California Wildlife Action Plan; Chapter on the Klamath
- National Park Service Klamath Network Inventory and Monitoring
- Index of Ecological Integrity IEI
- Phase III Vital Signs Plan
- 2009 the Strategic Habitat Conservation Executive Oversight Committee (EOC); Recommendation of a National Geographic Framework – The intent of this exercise is to provide guidancerelative to building capacity and geographically focusing efforts to implement landscapescale conservation (Strategic Habitat Conservation) throughout the country; Recommend a scaleable geographic framework that appropriately aggregates Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs) for landscape-scale biological planning and conservation design for both terrestrial and aquatic species. The Columbia River Basin, the Chesapeake Bay, the Klamath Basin, Everglades, will continue to be handled from a policy perspective, regardless of the geographic framework produced by this team. In other words, existing nationally significant partnerships and collaborative efforts will continue to operate regardless of where LCR boundaries occur.
- 2010 The SECURE ACT Basin Report Klamath River
- Klamath Basin – National Center for Conservation Science & Policy The Climate Leadership Initiative March 2010 Concludes: The presence of a Basinwide governance structure (such as an advisory council) could facilitate costeffective climate change preparation planning. Cross-Basin governance is critical, especially for water, forest, and other resources that cut across multiple political boundaries.
- Of 150,000 acres above Upper Klamath Lake, the government and The Nature Conservancy have taken nearly 100,000 acres of private farms and ranches, and converted them into wetlands. One ranch at a time
- 2011 Scty. Salazar announces announced that the Bureau of Reclamation is providing WaterSMART funding for studies in the Klamath River basin. The basin studies will incorporate the latest science, including engineering technology, climate models and innovation. The projects will be cost-shared with the non-federal partners and will include basin-specific plans that recommend collaborative solutions to help meet water demands and foster sustainable development. Cooperative Watershed Management Program Phase I ; Basin Study Framework Through the Basin Study Program, Reclamation will partner with basin stakeholders to conduct comprehensive studies to define options for meeting future water demands in river basins in the West where imbalances in supply and demand exist or are projected. Reclamation will collaborate with willing states and local entities on a 50/50 cost-share basis to conduct the studies. Basin Studies will identify basin-wide water supply issues that could potentially be resolved with changes to the operation of water supply systems, modifications to existing facilities, development of new facilities, or non-structural changes. The studies will incorporate the latest science, engineering technology, climate models and innovation. The desired outcomes are basin-specific plans recommending collaboratively developed solutions that will help meet water demands and foster sustainable development, and leading to congressionally authorized feasibility studies. Analysis will include impacts of climate change and how existing water and power infrastructure and operations will perform in the face of changing water realities, such as population growth and climate change, including an analysis of the extent to which changes in the water supply will impact Reclamation operations and facilities as defined in §9503(b)(3) of the SWA: a) the ability of Reclamation to deliver water; b) hydroelectric power generation facilities; c) recreation at Reclamation facilities; d) fish and wildlife habitat; e) applicable species listed as an endangered, threatened, or candidate species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); f) water quality issues (including salinity levels); g) flow and water dependent ecological resiliency; and h) flood control management. 3) Development of options to improve operations and infrastructure to supply adequate water in the future. 4) A trade-off analysis of the options identified, findings and recommendations as appropriate. Such analysis simply examines all proposed alternatives in terms of their relative cost, environmental impact, risk, stakeholder response, or other attributes common to the alternatives. The analysis can be either quantitative or qualitative in measurement.
Projections of water demands may include demands for agricultural, municipal, environmental, and recreational water uses, or other uses. Projections of water supply and demand will consider all potential water sources, including both groundwater and surface water.
- UN Food and Agriculture Organizations
- USDA Sustainable Agriculture: Information Access Tools
- US EPA Sustainable Ag
- UC Davis Education Program
- National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition
- Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education
- Sustainable Table
- Sustainable agriculture can help conquer hunger, UN says
- ATTRA National Sustainable Agriculture Information Services
- USAID Sustainable Agriculture
- Center for Alternative Development
- New Push on Sustainable Agriculture
- Conservation Agriculture
- Integrated Pest Management
- CA Legacy Project; Digital Conservation Atlas; CA Watershed Portal
- California Foothills Legacy Area Proposal (Conservation Easements) ; ‘Foothills Legacy’ plan targets massive swath of county, Central Valley (nearly 500,000 acres locally and 3.4 million statewide); Planning Update; Fact Sheet; Tehama County conservation easements likely to spawn debate – emphasis areas: Tehama Foothills; Sierra Foothills; the San Benito Hills and the Sequoia Foothills.California Rangeland Conservation Coalition Focus Area Prioritization Map; California Rangeland Resolution with Signatories; Coalition website; CA Landscape Conservation Cooperative
- Agricultural Lands Stewardship (CA Water Plan)
- California Roundtable on Water and Food Supply
- Satellite Indicators of Vegetation Condition, Crop Canopy Development, and Agricultural Water Use in California
- Arizona bill to prohibit the state and all its political subdivisions from implementing the Rio Declaration (That’s where Agenda 21 comes from!) and it bans ICLEI in Arizona!
- Obama administration sees Rio + 20 Summit in June as Festival of Global Greenness; The Future We Want – Youtube; UN chief, aides plot ‘green economy’ agenda at upcoming summit meeting to consolidate a radical new global green economy, promote a spectrum of sweeping new social policies and build an even more important role for U.N. institutions “ to manage the process of globalization better.”
- Confronting Agenda 21 (Part 1); (Part 2); (Part 3); Tom Deweese
- Agenda 21 for Public Officials
- Commentary on Agenda 21
- Agenda 21 Alert” Public-Private Partnerships Part 1; Part 2
- 1992Nancy Pelosi Pushes Agenda 21 On House Floor; video start at 11:43:30
- Environmentalist Private Property Rights War (youtube)
- ICLEI: Citizens SPEAK OUT against ICLEI and AGENDA 21 at San Carlos, California City Council meeting
- ICLEI-C40 release a community protocol to measure GHG emissions
- Sustainable Development Means a Wrenching Transformation of Your Life
- We were wrong on peak oil.
- Al Gore’s Role in the Goldman Sachs Carbon Con
- More global warming bad news, well, that is depending on how you view the issue of global warming
- Climate was HOTTER in Roman, medieval times than now: Study
- Can’t see the Climate Forest For the Trees; Current Global Weather Patterns Normal Despite Government and Media Distortions; IPCC Control Calculations of Annual Human CO2 Production For Political Agenda; Climate Change of the IPCC is Daylight Robbery; Misconceptions About Plant, Animal And Human Adaptation To Climate Change
- On Further Review . . . Experts are Taking a Second Look at California’s Rail and Climate-Change Programs. Will Jerry Brown?
- Climategate Continues; Climategate Heads to Court; Another Global Warming Oops Moment, and it’s a dilly; No Need to Panic About Global Warming; ‘Gaia’ scientist James Lovelock: I was ‘alarmist’ about climate change; Green ‘drivel’ exposed – The godfather of global warming lowers the boom on climate change hysteria; This meaningless green drivel, by environment guru: Scientist’s U-turn on doomsday claim ; Study Confirms Hima-Lyin’ About Climate Change; <Body Blow To German Global Warming Movement! Major Media Outlets Unload On “CO2 Lies!”; NASA rocked by global warming rebellion; Drinking Global Warming Propaganda ; Climategate 2.0: New E-Mails Rock The Global Warming Debate
- The Money and Connections Behind Al Gore’s Carbon Crusade; Generation Investment Management; Al Gore could become world’s first carbon billionaire – Telegraph; Creators of carbon credit scheme cashing in on it; Al Gore’s inconvenient loot ; R.I.P.: Al Gore’s Chicago Climate Exchange Has Died
- Why are Americans Ignorant of “Agenda 21”?
- American Alert – Sustainable Development; 21 Signs Agenda 21 Is in Your Community
- ONE BAY AREA: “AGENDA 21”, the UN’s diabolical plan comes to the San Francisco Bay Area ; One Bay Area ; How we prepared for the Delphi meeting; Near Riot at Delphi Meeting in California…This is coming to your town; (videos); www.PostSustainabilityInstitute.org; www.DemocratsAgainstUNAgenda21.com; Rosa Koire interview
- Transition Towns , Agenda 21 ? ; Transition Town: What’s it all about?
- Agenda 21: Understanding Sustainable Development
- U.N. Taking Over City Councils Across America!
- The United Nations–AGENDA 21
- Obama uses executive orders as a political tool A campaign labeled “We Can’t Wait” pushes unilateral directives and programs from the White House as the only way to push ahead on the president’s agenda when a do-nothing Congress fails to act; Democracy Denied: Barack Obama’s Executive Power Grab
- Common Core Standards Curriculum (Obama Administration) Common Core Curriculum: The End of Education?
- Smart Growth America!
- Agenda 21 and our property rights
- Democrats Against U.N. Agenda 21; Santa Rosa Neighborhood Coalition
- Agenda 21 Creeps Into California Land Use Policy
- Smart Growth: An Ideological Rubik’s Cube; SB 375 Draws Ire of Tea Party ; The Center for the Comparative Study of Right-Wing Movements
- Agenda 21 In One Easy Lesson
- Rural Council – It’s About Control Henry Lamb
- Representative Curtis Bowers Grinding Down America – video
- New NASA Data Blow Gaping Hold In Global Warming Alarmism; The climate just turned cold for non-physicists; Svensmark: “global warming stopped and a cooling is beginning” – “enjoy global warming while it lasts”; Leif Svalgaard’s Research Page; EPA Cut Corners on Climate Finding; Procedural Review of EPA’s Greenhouse Gases Endangerment Finding Data Quality Processes
- Re-Inventing the United States Forest Service: Evolution from Custodial management, to Productive Forestry, to Ecosystem Management ; Conservation on the cusp: the reformation of national forest policy in the Sierra Nevada; Economics of silviculture in the context of sustainable forest management; Policy Analysis Framework for Sustainable Forestry: National Forest Case Study
- MICHAEL SHAW: Agenda 21, “The Ultimate War: Globalism vs. America”, part-1; freedomadvocates.org; Abusing the System Through NGOs and CSOs
- Behind the Green Curtain (Environmentalism used for Land Grabbing); The Hage property takings case Hage v. United States; Hage – Ct. of Federal Claims; Victory at Pine Creek; Lives Well Served
- Sustainable’ Poverty: The Real Face of the Leftist Environmental Agenda
- The UN Wildlands Project – Taking Over America Starting With Florida
- How Treaties Trump the Constitution
- The Quiet Coup: The implementation of Agenda 21
- Understanding Sustainable Development For the People and their Public Officials www.FreedomAdvocates.org;
- Unmasking Ken Salazar’s Interior Dept. Agenda
- American Thinker UN Agenda 21 Coming to a Neighborhood Near You
- Agenda 21 For Dummies ; Agenda 21 for even bigger dummies; Part 2
- Changing the Conversation
- Agenda 21; Miscellaneous articles of Henry Lamb 1995-1996 (Videos) Wildands Project; Community 2020 Vision Plans (Sustainable Development) Part 1; Part 2; Part 3 ; Sustainable Development: What it means to you – Part I ; National Animal Identification System: Why it must be stopped ; Convention on the Law of the Sea
- Sovereignty International videos on Global Governance; Sustainable Development; BIG PARK!; Lord Christopher Monckton speaking about the impact of the climate change treaty that may arise from the COP 15 meeting at Copenhagen in December, 2009. Run time: 4:13; full presentation; Timeline to Global Governance; Analysis of the Evolving Nature of the United Nations Environmental, Scientific & Cultural Organizations’s Man & Biosphere Reserve Program, and United States Compliance with its Statuatory Framework By Tom McDonnell 2005
- Freedom 21
- ICLEI ; ICLEI Primer: Your Town and Freedom Threatened
- T. David Horton Testimony on Regionalism 1978
- Agenda 21 Tom DeWeese American Policy Center Agenda 21 in One Easy Lesson
- Agenda 21 The Death Knell of Liberty Canada Free Press
- EdWatch, www.EdWatch.org
- Glenn Beck on Agenda 21; http://www.glennbeck.com/2011/06/15/heard-on-tv-agenda-21/;
- Speech: Kalamath Siskiyou bio-region- Endangered Species
- Understanding Sustainable Development– Agenda 21
- Agenda 21 Part I: global economic disaster in the making
- Agenda 21 Part III: Maryland County abolishes Agenda 21 – now it’s your turn
- Agenda 21 Update: more critical evidence from the land of fruits and nuts
- Attention Comrades…U.N. AGENDA 21
- Smart Growth- Sustainable Development Attention Comrades?U.N. AGENDA 21
- Agenda 21 and ICLEI booted
- UN’s International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) ?The Plan??Agenda 21 and the Death Knell of Liberty
- Tom DeWeese American Policy Center
- Globalized Grizzlies – Coffman ; Separating People From Their Water ; The Smart Growth Fraud
- IWRM Is the U.N. Stealing Control of Our Water (and Republic) Right Out From Under Us?
- The Livable Communities Act, (SB 1619) was introduced by outgoing Senator Christopher Dodd (D-Conn.) This would implement Agenda 21 as federal sustainable development zoning
- The Venus Project The Venus Project (video) Part 1; Part 2 (FL. physical prototype); News Report; Discovery Channel Program; Video on the new utopian “resource based economy” (collectivistim) Part 1 ; Part 2; Part 3
- New NASA Data Blow Gaping Hold In Global Warming Alarmism
- George Hunt on the Gang Behind the 1992 Earth Summit (ultra wealthy; Maurice Strong) Part 1; Part 2; Part 3; Part 4 ;
- Democrat Rosa Koire How Your Neighborhood is Implementing Agenda 21; Democrats Against U.N. Agenda 21; Redding Tea Party
- Agenda 21 Rollback Manual
- How to Fight Back Against Sustainable Development
- Send Email to State Legislators: Stop Agenda 21 and Sustainable Development
- Petition to Withdraw From ICLEI.PDF
- Petition to Withdraw From ICLEI.doc
- Your Hometown & the United Nations’ Agenda 21
- Agenda 21 Exposed! Video
- Recent Articles & Videos About Agenda 21
- Agenda 21 and the Movement Toward a One-World Government
- Rio 92 and Agenda 21 – TNA 1992
- EPA Ponders Expanded Regulatory Power In Name of ‘Sustainable Development’
- Don Casey Details Agenda 21 Implementation
- Canadian Sustainable Development – 20 years – later David Runnalls: Why aren’t we there yet? # 1″>David Runnalls (International Institute for Sustainable Development) Why aren’t we there yet? Part 1; Part 2 ; Part 3; Part 4; Green Plan; integration of environmental science with economy
- Klamath Basin Crisis webpage on Agenda 21
- World Bank — Environment, Climate Change, and Biodiversity; World Bank World Bank projects directly support biodiversity conservation and sustainable use in a range of natural habitats… Many are in centers of recognized global importance for biodiversity: mega-diversity hot spots, remaining wilderness areas, the Global 200 eco-regions described by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), and the areas designated as Endemic Bird Areas and as Important Bird Areas. Our Land – Collateral for the National Debt
- I SPY ON Salem!; show #20; Show #23; Show #25 Agenda 21-Land Grab; legislative luncheon with Tom Deweese and Karen Budd-Falen
- Short film on Agenda 21 and ICLEI
- Agenda 21 And The Tea Party Threat To Smart Planning Rears Its Ugly Head in California
- Mary Johnson of Jackson County OR Americans for Prosperity and Liberty Works UNA21: Usurping The US Constitution – 8 parts
Agenda 21 Treaty on the Horizon; The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the International Council for Environmental Law (ICEL) have released their fourth Draft of the International Covenant on Environment and Development. (entire document here) This document was designed from the beginning to convert the “soft-law” non-binding Agenda 21 into firmly binding global law — enforceable through the International Criminal Court and/or the dispute resolution features of the Convention on the Law of the Sea; DICED is UN’s Environmental Constitution for the World; Proposed UN Environmental Constitution For The World Would Establish An Incredibly Repressive System Of Global Governance; Alabama Adopts First Official State Ban on UN Agenda 21; The people of Alabama acting through their elected representatives — not UN bureaucrats — have the authority to develop the state’s environmental and development policies, the official synopsis of the law explains. Therefore, infringements on the property rights of citizens linked to “any other international law or ancillary plan of action that contravenes the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of the State of Alabama” are also prohibited under the new measure. Tennessee Senate Joins House in condemming UN Agenda 21; United Nations Agenda 21 bill passes Legislature; Agenda 21: Is The U.S. On The Verge Of “Takeover”?; Agenda 21 Becomes a Major Issue [See webpage] ; CSPAN Archives President Bush 1 addressed reporters following his participation in the Earth Summit work session. He outlined his views on the U.S. role at the Summit, economic and environmental policy, and took questions from reporters.; United States Congressional Record January 19, 1976, page 240, Representative Marjorie S. Holt (Maryland):“Mr. Speaker, many of us recently received a letter from the World Affairs Council of Philadelphia, inviting members of Congress to participate in a ceremonial signing of “A Declaration of Interdependence” on January 30 in Congress Hall, adjacent to Independence Hall in Philadelphia…A number of Members of Congress have been invited to sign this document, lending their prestige to its theme, but I want the record to show my strong opposition to this declaration….It calls for the surrender of our national sovereignty to international organizations. It declares that our economy should be regulated by international authorities. It proposes that we enter a “New World Order” that would redistribute the wealth created by the American people….For example, it states that ‘The economy of all nations is a seamless web, and that no one nation can any longer effectively maintain its processes of production and monetary systems without recognizing the necessity for collaborative regulation by international authorities.’ How do you like the idea of “international authorities” controlling our production and our monetary system, Mr. Speaker?”
First Global Effort to Fight Environmental Crime Takes Shape To advance compliance and enforcement regimes, Nagai is looking towards the World Congress on Justice, Governance and Law for Environmental Sustainability to be held in Rio de Janeiro this June ahead of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, known as Rio+20. Outcome document; “With UNEPs leadership, an international institutional network should be established, with the engagement of the World Congress partners and other relevant organizations, and under the guidance of selected Chief Justices, Heads of Jurisdiction, Attorneys General, Chief Prosecutors, Auditors General, eminent legal scholars and other eminent members of the law and enforcement community”; (DELC)
2012 Rio 20+ official site June 20-22: Leaked document reveals Rio+20 sustainable development goals Nations will be asked to sign up for 10 goals and promise to build green economies at this summer’s earth summit draft document; “We reaffirm the need to strengthen international environmental governance within the context of the institutional framework for sustainable development, in order to promote a balanced integration of the economic, social and environmental pillars of sustainable development,”; The Future We Want – Youtube; Minutes of closed-door retreat on Rio + 20 ambitions; Zero Draft and Sustainable Development Goals; Issues – briefing papers; Regional, national and local level governance for sustainable development; Q&A: North-South Divide Looms Heavily Over Rio+20 Summit;Green Groups Urge Obama to Attend Rio+20; Will Rio+20 Spark a Green Revolution?; U.N. Chief Disappointed Over Deadlocked Rio+20 Negotiations; Mass Extinctions in the Cards Absent Urgent Action; COP 10 Decision X/2 – Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020; Aichi Biodiversity Targets; Implementation of Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including the Aichi Biodiversity Targets; Key Elements of the Strategic Plan 2011-2020, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets; SCP Governance, Sustainable Consumption and Production Governance: A Guide towards Rio+20; Governance Papers ; A Pocket Guide to Sustainable Development Governance; Consumption driving ‘unprecedented’ environment damage: UN; We are living way beyond our means.; Ban Ki-moon calls for Rio+20 to replace GDP with sustainable development index; It’s Happening, but Not in Rio -We are using 50 percent more resources than the Earth can provide; if we all lived like Americans or Europeans, we would need three planets to support us. Rio conferees mull $1,325 ‘green tax’ on U.S. families; John Kerry and His First Cousin: Both Pushing Hard for the U.N. Climate Change Agenda; Godfather of Global Green Thinking Steps Out of Shadows at Rio+20; Rio+20: Greens Concede Defeat As Developing Nations Reject Green Agenda; Report: UN classifies climate change agenda; Rio+20’s expensive wish list over a decade, U.S. citizens would be required to contribute well over $1 trillion to U.N. sustainability schemes. Statement 61 helpfully pronounces that “urgent action on unsustainable patterns of production and consumption … remains fundamental in addressing environmental sustainability”; Warnings Resound as World Leaders Gather at Rio+20; Rio+20 Negotiators Report ‘Progress,’ NGOs Call It ‘Weak’ ; RIO+20 Earth Summit: Disappointments with lack of progress, dismay with final document ; Rio+20 The Landscape Approach The use of remote sensing, resource monitoring, and spatial analysis are part of landscape science and provide the tools to communities to assess the impact of their actions on a rural landscape. ;
Big Green Exposed: Journalist Blows Whistle on Deception, Destruction; The Real Agenda Behind UN “Sustainability” Unmasked ; UN Sustainability Summit Exposed: Big Business, Dictators, and NGOs ; Despite Setbacks, UN “Sustainability” Agenda Marches on After Rio+20
Can the President Legislate?
George Mannina’s testimony Before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, Oceans, and Insular Affairs Oversight Hearing on “Empty Hooks: The National Ocean Policy is the Latest Threat to Access for Recreational and Commercial Fishermen” March 22, 2012 testimony on Executive orders violating the separation of powers set forth in the U.S. Constitution. watch hearing webcast 27:13-32:25, 40:50-44:11, (Rep. Duncan 1:01:19-1:05:47); 1:07:30-1:11:07; 1:29:46-1:34:30; 1:34:40-1:36:36;
President Obama’s Executive Order 13547 issued July 19, further extends federal power, embraces global governance, diminishes the rights and privileges of individuals, and brings the United States into compliance with Agenda 21, Chapter 17.6, which says:
“Each coastal State should consider establishing, or where necessary strengthening, appropriate coordinating mechanisms (such as a high-level policy planning body) for integrated management and sustainable development of coastal and marine areas….”
2011 Presidential Executive Order 13547 to unilaterally implement a new National Ocean Policy (Lacks Congressional Authorization); Unilateral Action by the Obama Administration; Imposes Ocean/Coastal Zoning; Creates federally-dominated Regional Planning Bodies with no representation from the people being regulated.) Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force: Interim Report
Loving v. United States (94-1966), 517 U.S. 748 (1996)
Sub-committee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands United States House of Representatives – Armstrong comments or here for recent oversight field hearing on “Explosion of Federal Regulations Threatening Jobs and Economic Survival in the West” held in Elko, NV (Additional Information on Social Conditions not included in comment) ; Siskiyou County Comments; Forest Service defends road closures at hearing; Witnesses Call for Increased Public Participation, Transparency in Federal Land Management Decision-Making Process; National Parks, Forests & Public Lands Subcommittee to Hold Field Hearing in Elko, NV –The National Forest System was created to ensure that future generations would have working forests that would serve multiple objectives. Unfortunately, over time, the role of the U.S. Forest Service has shifted away from upholding this original intent. In recent years we have seen efforts to limit accessibility and multiple-use in forests and on other federal lands, as evidenced by an onslaught of rules, regulations and administrative overreach. The field hearing in Nevada will provide an opportunity to examine this issue more closely and see what impact it is having on local communities and industries. It will also provide local stakeholders with an opportunity to share their insights on these regulations and propose how they might be modified to better serve the needs of communities like Elko and others throughout the country,” said Subcommittee Chairman Rob Bishop (UT-01). Hearing page;
Environmental Resources on the Internet; Eco-Net; Environmental Web Directory; Ecotopia Links; California Groups; A Digest of the A&T (Alternative and Transformational) movement(s) A Chronicle of the Gaian Cultural Transition [ individuals who “believe that the whole earth is in a period of transition for the homocentric Industrial Culture based on self-interest, survival of the fittest, and materialism to an ecocentric Gaiain Culture based on belonging, cooperation, community and mutual respect.”]
Donna Holt Campaign for Liberty – Sustainable Development
Global Government Lecture by Henry Lamb given to the 20th Annual Meeting of the Doctors for Disaster Preparedness held in Colorado Springs, CO; July 2002.
- Read the Our Federal Landlord article
- See the famous Wildlands Map that shows the UN’s Agenda 21’s plans for America
- Here’s a map showing federal and state ownership of our land
- Dr. Coffman’s websites: Envirionmental Perspectives International and also Sovereignty International
Show 2-22 (June 2, 2012): “The Great Federal Land Grab (Part 1)
CSPAN video Dr. Michael Coffman Rescuing a Broken America
Lecture presented by Henry Lamb at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Doctors for Disaster Preparedness held in Colorado Springs, Colorado; July 2002.
Tea Party shows featuring Coffman
FEB 6 http://teapartymedia.net/20110206/index.htm audio
FEB 13 http://teapartymedia.net/20110213/index.htm audio
“Government occurs when people with formal, legal authority make plans and take action. In contrast, governance is what happens when citizens and groups (often including government agency officials) work together to plan and act based on their shared goals.”
‘Community economic development is a classic example of a “transboundary” issue. There is no single authority that, acting alone, can effectively address community and economic development issues. These issues transcend the boundaries we’ve created—jurisdictional, functional, and sectoral boundaries. Community leaders looking to make a difference in terms of community and economic development, therefore, must learn to work across boundaries. With that in mind, I would like to recommend an excellent book that is somewhat of a primer and even a user’s guide to leading regional, transboundary efforts.
Working Across Boundaries is aimed at practitioners, presenting “an array of practical and tested strategies and techniques” for regional collaboration. The book begins by identifying “a gap in governance” created by the mismatch between jurisdictional and institutional boundaries and the “territory” of the economic, social, and environmental issues we face. The authors focus primarily on land use and environmental issues, since that is where most of their experience is. However, the principles discussed in the book apply to essentially all kinds of regional initiatives. The authors outline the strengths and weaknesses of a continuum of regional arrangements, from informal networks, to more formal partnerships, to regional institutions.
After establishing the case for regional collaboration and outlining the various institutional forms it can take, the remainder of the book is a how-to, organized around “principles of effective regional collaboration” organized within a four stage model of diagnose, design, take action, and evaluate. The diagnostic stage is about determining the need for cross-boundary collaboration. Here leaders “identify the compelling issue or catalyst” and “determine if there is a constituency for change.”
Next, a process is designed to fit the needs of the situation. The design phase involves determining “who should convene and lead the effort,” mobilizing “the right people,” mutually defining the region “to match the place, problem, and people,” and developing an organizational strategy.
The third phase of a regional collaboration initiative involves formulating and implementing actions. The three principles that guide this phase are facilitating “scientific and joint learning” (which incorporates joint issue framing and deliberation), developing action plans, and “translating vision into action.” A particularly useful take-away from the discussion of taking action is the authors’ “seven habits for effective implementation.” a list of important insights culled from experience that separate successful collaborative efforts from the many more failed ones.
The final phase of regional collaborative governance is to “evaluate, learn, and adapt.” The principle here is to “learn together as you go forward and adapt as needed.” McKinney and Johnson present a very useful discussion on how to evaluate regional collaborations in terms of both process and outcomes.
Working Across Boundaries concludes with discussion (including examples) of four different models of regional governance for land use or natural resource issues, and advice to “move both the theory and practice of regional collaboration forward.” The book is very readable and includes many vivid, illustrative case examples. I highly recommend it to anyone working on regional issues such as community economic development, land use, and natural resources management. Also recommended is a fantastic companion website, created by the authors, hosted by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy (the publisher of the book). Working effectively across boundaries—across jurisdictions and across sectors—is critical for communities to succeed in today’s globalized world. This book is an excellent resource for those involved in these efforts.