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any questionsCon: Adj. A slang or can’t abbreviation for confidence, as a con man or a con game. [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 261]

Con; verb to commit to memory right down to the jokes they supposedly ad-lib [Merriam’s Online Thesaurus]

“We The People” is a Capitonym:  A capitonym is a word that changes its meaning (and sometimes pronunciation) when it is capitalized… Definition – Homonyms that have the same spelling but which have different meanings and, perhaps, different pronunciations when capitalized. [The Online Dictionary of Language Terminology]

Example –

(1) The proper noun Polish (as in “someone from Poland”) is pronounced ‘poh – lish, whereas

(2) the verb polish (as in “making something shiny”) is pronounced ‘pah – lish.

PINDER v. JOHNSON, 33 F.3d 368 (4th Cir. 1994), to wit:

A.) ‘Our survey of the legal landscape as it existed in March 1989 indicates, that, in general, members of the public have no constitutional right to be protected by the State from harm inflicted by third parties. [E.g., FOX v. CUSTIS, 712 F.2d 84, 88 (4th Cir. 1983); Wells v. Walker , 852 F.2d 368, 370 (8th Cir. 1988), cert. Denied, 489 U.S. 1012, 109 S.Ct. 1121, 103 L.Ed.2d 184 (1989);Ketchum v. Alameda County, 811 F.2d 1243, 1247 (9th Cir. 1987); BOWERS v. DeVITO, 686 F.2d 616, 618 (7th Cir. 1982).]

B.) Judge Posner aptly explained the reasoning behind this general principle when he stated in Bowers that:

The Constitution is a charter of negative liberties; it tells the state to let “We the People of the United States” alone; it does not require their agency federal government or their state(s) to provide services, even so elementary a service as maintaining law and order….for those not a party to the contract (Constitution). Thus, because there is no constitutional duty to provide such protection for the Public at Large, {the state’s} failure to do so is not actionable under 42 USC § 1983 – Civil action for deprivation of rights … of the United States Code (U.S.C.).[emphasis added]

“But indeed, no person has a right to complain, by suit in Court, on the ground of a breach of the Constitution. The Constitution, it is true, is a compact (contract), but he is not a party to it. The States are a party to it…” (emphasis added). [Padelford, Fay & Co. v. Mayor and Aldermen of City of Savannah, 14 Ga. 438 (1854)]

I often wonder whether we do not rest our hopes too much upon constitutions, upon laws and courts. These are false hopes, believe me; these are false hopes. “Liberty lies in the hearts of men and women; when it dies there, no Constitution, no law, no court can save it.” Spirit of Liberty 189 Judge Learned Hand.

truth-vs-lies2“The People” does not include you and me!

“The Constitution was ordained and established by the people of the United States for themselves, for their own government, and not for the government of the individual States.

Each State established a constitution for itself, and in that constitution provided such limitations and restrictions on the powers of its particular government as its judgment dictated. The people of the United States framed such a government for the United States as they supposed best adapted to their situation and best calculated to promote their interests. [Barron v. Mayor & City Council of Baltimore. 32 U.S. 243]

Members of the public have no constitutional right to be protected by the State from harm inflicted by third parties. [E.g., Fox v. Custis, 712 F.2d 84, 88 (4th Cir. 1983); Wells v. Walker , 852 F.2d 368, 370 (8th Cir. 1988), cert. denied, 489 U.S. 1012, 109 S.Ct. 1121, 103 L.Ed.2d 184 (1989); Ketchum v. Alameda County, 811 F.2d 1243, 1247 (9th Cir. 1987); Bowers v. DeVito, 686 F.2d 616, 618 (7th Cir. 1982).]

No constitutional right exists under the Ninth Amendment, or to any other provision of the Constitution of the United States, “…to trust the Federal Government and to rely on the integrity of its pronouncements.” [MAPCO INC. v. CARTER (1978, Em Ct App) 573 F2d 1268, cert den 437 US 904, 57 L Ed 2d 1134, 98 S Ct 3090.]

Members of the public have no right to petition for a redress of grievance.

United States District Court for the District of Columbia in the case of We the People Foundation, Inc. et al. v. United States,” No. 1:04-cv-01211 EGS, admitted in the Civil War era, however, the U. S. Congress enacted Rules abolishing the duty to respond, a change later sanctioned by the Supreme Court [see: 96 Yale Law Journal 142, 164 (1986); Bieregu v. Reno, 59 F.3rd. 1445, 1453, (3rd. Cir. 1995)].

Furthermore, U.S. FEDERAL Judge Emmet G. Sullivan in his Order and Opinion upheld the position of the UNITED STATES et al., to deny the Human Rights of “We the People,” et al., the “Right of Petition” in the UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA on August 31, 2005.]

Greeting,

Hereinbelow you find verbatim citation in the U. S. Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit citing incorporated case Nos. 94-6415; 94-6417; and Western District of Oklahoma (D.C. Nos. CIV-941038-R and CIV-94-1040-R), filed on April 7th, 1995; of the “Judgment & and Order” filed on April 10th, 1995, to wit:

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS

TENTH CIRCUIT

WARREN E. ENSMINGER ) Nos. 94-6415

Plaintiff-Appellant, ) 94-6417

) W. D. Oklahoma

V. ) ( D. C. Nos. CIV – 94 – 1038 – R

) and CIV – 94 – 1040 – R)

THE FARM BANK OF WICHITA; )

FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF OKEENE, )

)

Defendants-Appellees. )

______________________________

ORDER AND JUDGMENT*

_______________________________

Before ANDERSON, BALOCK, and BRORBY, Circuit Judges

_______________________________

After examining the briefs and appellate record, this panel has determined unanimously that oral argument would not materially assist the determination of the appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a); 10th Cir. R. 34.1.9. The cause is therefore ordered submitted without oral argument.

Warren E. Ensminger appeals the dismissal of his actions, characterizing the action as follows:

This action was instigated to determine who has the highest title to property located in [Major and Grady] county, Oklahoma Territory state, of which the United States of America by contract, gave up all right, title or interest in said property, without any conditions set forth; and it is very clear by the defendant’s pleadings that it is not that entity that is claiming the property, Mr. Butler for Federal Land Bank clearly stated the claim is the United States, and that Federal Land Bank and First National Bank in Okeene are not of the United States of America. Mr. Elliot’s pleading for First National Bank in Okeene, plead the resident scam, and didn’t object to the Federal Land Bank claim. Then there is a question of the 7th Amendment, of which boil over in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, as contained in the 1991 Ed., Supreme Court Rule No. 17.1, the Court’s Original Jurisdiction, vs. The Courts Appellant. Then the facts of the courts original jurisdiction, exclusive to the people, did speak, and was placed into evidence.

Appellant’s Opening Briefs at 1.

Upon review of the records and arguments of the parties, the judgment of the district court is AFFRIMED. The mandates shall issue forthwith.

ENTERED FOR THE COURT

Stephen H. Anderson

Circuit Judge

If you are claiming to be an American Citizen, a State Citizen, or State National and the United States gave up all Rights, Title, and Interest by contract then where does that leave you?

There are no sovereigns citizens in the United States. That is an oxymoron.

…at the Revolution, the sovereignty devolved on the people; and they are truly the sovereigns of the country, but they are sovereigns without subjects…with none to govern but themselves; the citizens of America are equal as fellow citizens, and as joint tenants in the sovereignty.” Chisholm v. Georgia (US) 2 Dall 419, 454, 1 L Ed 440, 455 @DALL 1793 pp471-472

Sovereignty: The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which any independent state is governed; supreme political authority; paramount control of the constitution and frame of government and its administration… [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 1252]

Subject: Constitutional law. One that owes allegiance to a sovereign and is governed by his laws. The natives of Great Britain are subjects of the British government. Men in free governments are subjects as well as citizens; as citizens they enjoy rights and franchises; as subjects they are bound to obey the laws. [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 1277]

Subject: verb. to bring under one’s control by force of arms — see Conquer [Merriam Online Thesaurus] Subjected: transitive verb. one subject to a monarch and governed by the monarch’s law (2) :  one who lives in the territory of, enjoys the protection of, and owes allegiance to a sovereign power or state [Merriam Online Thesaurus]

1 a : to bring under control or dominion : subjugate b : to make (as oneself) amenable to the discipline and control of a superior

2 : to make liable : predispose

3 : to cause or force to undergo or endure (something unpleasant, inconvenient, or trying) — sub•jec•tion \ noun

“Citizenship connotes membership in a political society and implies a duty of permanent allegiance to that society.” -David Weissbrodt, Immigration Law and Procedure in a Nutshell

Citizenship: The status of being a citizen. See also Corporate citizenship… [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 222]

“Citizenship, is, by definition, a condition of allegiance to, and participation in, a governmental jurisdiction. It means, for a collective order, a pledge of loyalty, commitment to actively participate in civics and community, and willingness to serve when and where called upon. Citizenship begins within the individual but is nurtured by the country.”

Eduardo Aguirre, Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

Sovereigns (USCIS) are not citizens. Citizens are synonymous with subjects and Subject Synonyms with slaves. As in Subjected. So look at this case again below. Did King George maintain his sovereignty over his subjects? Did the 56 signers of the compact gain their sovereignty because they signed the compact and not the rest of the people? The answer is Yes! As a U.S. Citizen or American, you are a debtor under the 14th amendment, due to your “choice” of nationality.

“…at the Revolution, the sovereignty devolved on the people; and they are truly the sovereigns of the country, but they are sovereigns without subjects…with none to govern but themselves; the citizens of America are equal as fellow citizens, and as joint tenants in the sovereignty.” CHISHOLM v. GEORGIA (US) 2 Dall 419, 454, 1 L Ed 440, 455 @DALL 1793 pp471-472 [Padelford Case of 1854 page. 35] *41

“Now the principle at the bottom of all these propositions is this: The States have no power, by the exercise of which, they can defeat all the ends of Government-the General Government, or any of those ends. But the States, by the exercise of the taxing power, can take from their inhabitants every cent the inhabitants can spare, and live. According to the principle of this decision, therefore, the States have no power to lay any tax on their inhabitants; and if they have no power to tax, it follows that they have no power to enable them to keep up their State Governments; and without State Governments, they have no power to keep themselves alive, as States. The principle comes to this: that the States, in making the Constitution, intended to give up the power of self-preservation (sovereignty).” [Padelford Case 1854 pg. 35]

State citizens, State nationals, and Sovereign States gave up all power when they signed the constitution. And they weren’t states to begin with they were Royal Charters granted by the King. Something that is granted may be un-granted.

Sovereign States are: States whose subjects or citizens are in the habit of obedience to them… [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 1238]

You are NOT a signatory to the compact or the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America and “they” did not “pledge” for you…”they” did it for “their” posterity. You think that some “colonists” had some right? Then, why did the colonists not participate in any election or any “vote”? During the third presidential election why did only ten governors vote? I will tell you why….“the colonists” had no voice. These men were “proprietors” of company…the East India Company being the “Grand Corporation” with its “red, white, and blue” striped flag.

As they told you in the movie: THE JUNGLE BOOK….a “sheer-con”. There was a TIGER that was beating up on all of the other animals in the jungle….and his name was: “ShereKhan”. Now you know the “sheer con” that you face.

“We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

So, who did the “establishing and ordaining”???? It was “the People” of the “United States” who “ordained and established” The delegates signing the constitution are establishing the constitution.

THEIR Con-stitution FOR THEIR “United States of America.” NOT us! “We” did not include us. They were protecting THEIR  interests, not ours. They established rules and regulations. The one doing the establishing and ordaining is in the SUPERIOR POSITION.

Where did they get the authority to do this? Easy: Article 6 clause 1….they assumed the debt repayment assurance of the United States of America to payback the debt to the King….PERIOD!

The word: Country means “to count trees.” It was the “count of the trees” or “The Rent of the Woods” that was an accounting procedure of the Exchequer in the Virginia Company and the East India Company.

You have no rights in the United States, because you are an American debtor under the 14th Amendment. The U.S.A. is bankrupt and has been since the drafting of the Treaty of Paris.

10,000 Leagues Under the SEE

Britain was first invaded in 55 BC. by Julius Caesar, then again in 54 BC. In 63 AD. Joseph of Arimathea was sent by the Pope in Rome to try and establish the Catholic Church in Britain. In 77 AD. Britain was taken over through conquest by Rome. The Imperial governor Julius Agricola was put in place to rule over Rome’s new territory.

Britain was as of 77 AD. subject to Rome, with Roman law. In 407 AD. Emperor Constantine III withdrew the Roman troops from Britain leaving a political vacuum. The Celts (Irish) and the Vikings (Scandinavians) saw an opening to obtain land. In 410 AD. Britain won its independence from Rome, when the Goths ransacked Rome.

In 446 AD. the British government sought help to defeat the invading arms of the northern countries. Rome was unable to send troops because it was defending itself from Attila the Hun. So Rome offered mercenaries to aid Britain, Britain hired these barbaric mercenaries which were from northern Germany, they as you know are called Saxons.

In 450 AD. the Saxon barbarians began to massacre the Britons and take their land; in this manner they occupied the country of Britain. The Saxons were pagans some believed the Druid religion, others worshiped the same gods Rome worshiped, mercury and Venus, etc. etc.

The long and short of it is the Saxons were not responsible for a Common law by themselves. They were not Christians and did not support Cannon or ecclesiastical law,and their law was influenced greatly by Roman law. The major difference was the Saxon king called himself king of the English, and William the Conqueror called himself king of England, meaning, William the Conqueror claimed he owned the land and the Saxon king made no such claims. Under Saxon law citizen meant freeman, and under Roman law, continuing in England in 1066 under William Conqueror, citizen meant subject.

Under both systems you were forced to pay taxes to support the government. A tax payer is always a subject, so under William the Conqueror, he left no doubt as to your status, the Saxon kings were more subtle, the outcome is the same. Taxation and the subjection it confirms, is not always a bad thing. It depends on the government. Case in point, those that are Christians, are subject to Jesus Christ and are taxed 10% to support His government.

Look at what happened at Runnymede with the Magna Charta, the Barons thought they were gaining freedom, by the king granting those rights under the Charta. However, if they had stopped to read the 1213 Magna Charta, wherein the king granted and ceded the Pope all of his lands, they would have known the king could not grant the rights without the blessing of the Pope. Did not the Pope sign off on the Charta of 1215, as a party to the Contract? Ask yourself this, did the granted rights end their tax obligations to the king, or the Pope? No. So is the granting of rights a problem or hindrance to the money lenders?

No. Did the 1215 Charta in anyway overturn the obligations of the 1213 Charta? No, and they could not. Here is another reason.

Guess what America, and the rest of the free world, that claim their rights come from the Magna Charta, which was ratified by Pope Innocent III and of course the king under duress on June 15, 1215, on August 24, 1215, Pope Innocent III Declared that the Magna Charta was NULL & VOID, [(Geary) 49.3 August 24, 1215 parliamentary origins in England, Internet Medieval Sourcebook.]

To continue, Edward I, in 1297 was forced to re-declare the 1215 Magna Charta, because the Pope forbid his monks and bishops etc. etc., to pay taxes to the king, so the king began to tax the Barons again, and they drew their swords. King Edwards action holds less weight than that of his predecessor king John, because as of August 24, 1215 the Charta was an invalid document. Not to mention the issue I raised earlier concerning debt obligations of a previous Charter could not be voided.

King John SigningThe Pope by his confirmation of the Magna charta was jerking the chains of the Barons, so to speak. As I said in earlier papers, there was no way the Pope would give up what was granted/ceded to him in the 1213 Charter. The Magna Charta could not void an earlier Charter which contained a debt obligation between parties, without all parties agreeing. Since the parties of the 1213 Charter would continue to be born, it was an irrevocable trust.

As example, read the 1689 Declarations and Rights, which became law. Did it, or could it overturn any financial obligations under previous Charters? No. Read the third section of the 1689 Declaration of Rights. It says if any provision of the Declaration comes into conflict with earlier Charters, the Declaration will be as if it were never written.

Do you see how not only Americans, but the entire world have been conned into thinking we are free? Every time the king has been challenged, the king grants rights to the combatants and they go home saying “WE WON”, however nothing changed, because the king retained his power to tax, through previous Charters and new tax obligations created by accepting the kings benefits.

Another example, the Declaration of Independence and the war of Independence that followed, is no different than any other time in the history in challenging the king. The king said, OK, I will grant my created Corporations, the states, Independence and allow them to establish their own governments. But the governors retained the power granted by the king and the council of state. The states then consolidated their corporate Charters under one Charter, called the U.S. Constitution. Could the tax obligations of previous Charters be removed by our Declaration of Independence, or a war which did not remove the control of the king, which is obvious since in the peace Treaty of Paris he was granting us land? No.

No where in the 1783 Paris peace treaty will you find granted rights to the inhabitants of the states. No where in the treaty will you find where the taxes of gold, silver and copper (mineral rights) were ceded to the states. So much for Allodial  title in the states, freeman status and Allodial title are synonymous, you can’t have one without the other. Since the king did not cede all of his corporate enterprise he retained his taxation and the subjection of those that enjoy his benefits.

“YIELDlNG AND PAYING yearly, to us, our heirs and Successors, for the same, the yearly Rent of Twenty Marks of Lawful money of England, at the Feast of All Saints, yearly, forever, The First payment thereof to begin and be made on the Feast of All Saints which shall be in the year of Our Lord One thousand six hundred Sixty and five; AND also, the fourth part of all Gold and Silver Ore which, with the limits aforesaid, shall, from time to time, happen to be found.”

(Feast of All Saints occurred November 1 of each year.) The Carolina Charter of 1663” SAVING always, the Faith, Allegiance, and Sovereign Dominion due to us, our heirs and Successors, for the same; and Saving also, the right, title, and interest of all and every our Subjects of the English Nation which are now Planted within the Limits bounds aforesaid, if any be;…” The Carolina Charter, 1663

“KNOW YE, that We, of our further grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, HAVE thought fit to Erect the same Tract of Ground, Country, and Island into a Province, and, out of the fullness of our Royal power and Prerogative, WE Do, for us, our heirs and Successors, Erect, Incorporate, and Ordain the same into a province, and do call it the Province of CAROLINA, and so from henceforth will have it called…” The Charter of Carolin, 1663

Nothing has changed the parties of interest still rule. It is our pitiful lack of knowledge and understanding of history, which causes us to hang our hats (Independence) on documents that maintain and did not change our subjection. Does this sound familiar to what has happened to the blacks? They assumed, since they were made citizens and given more rights, that they were now free. As you know a 14th Amendment citizen is subject to its creator, who granted their rights, the corporation and the trusties, subject to the contracting parties, the Crown and the Pope. Maybe, now you know why history repeats itself, it has the same authors.

[Treaty of Tripoli Article 11 signed on November 4, 1796]

In a late 18th century treaty reached by America with certain Muslim pirates of the African coast, one part of which, Article 11, states:

“As the government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion,-as it has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion or tranquility of Musselmen,-and as the said States never have entered into any war or act of hostility against any Mehomitan nation, it is declared by the parties that no pretext arising from religious opinions shall ever produce an interruption of the harmony existing between the two countries”

“No! We’re not a Christian Country. We’ve never been a Christian Country. We’re a secular Country, by our constitution. In which Christians live and which many Christians have a voice. But we’re not a Christian Country.” [Billy Graham May 30, 1997]

U.S. Constitution: Article VI

Supremacy Clause of the Constitution, Laws and Treaties

The Constitution is not the Supreme Law of the Land just as much as Case Law is not. The Supreme Law of the Land are the Contracts, Agreements, and/or Treaties.

Article VI, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution is known as the Supremacy Clause because it provides that the “Constitution, and the Laws of the United States … shall be the supreme Law of the Land.” It means that the federal government, in exercising any of the powers enumerated in the Constitution, must prevail over any conflicting or inconsistent state exercise of power.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supremacy_Clause

King George was the “Arch-Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire and of the United States of America.” [Treaty of Paris 1763 & The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 8 U.S. Statutes at Large 80]

Exchequer is “That department of the English government which has the charge of the collection of the national revenue; the treasury department. [Black’s Law 5th Edition pg 506]

The Holy Roman Empire, Great Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, and Ireland signed the [Treaty of Paris 1763] which stated that they would not fund each others adversaries in a time of war.

In violation of the [Treaty of Paris 1763] France loaned the Charters of Britain’s North American Colonies eighteen (18) million livres (gold coin) in the Colonies efforts to defend “their selves and their posterity” (financial interests of the Charters) from Great Britain’s taxation over the [Stamp Act 1765] and the [French and Indian War of 1763].

On February 6, 1778, the United States entered into a Treaty of Alliance with France (8 Stat. 6). On July 16, 1782, they borrowed substantial sums from King Louis XVI of France, via an agreement signed by French Foreign Minister Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes.

King George was the “Arch-Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire and of the United States of America.” [Treaty of Paris 1763 & The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 8 U.S. Statutes at Large 80]

The Declaration of Independence was signed by 56 signatories in 1776 thereby claiming their international right of self determination. They pledged “their” lives” their” liberty “their” sacred honor, and “their” prosperity. They gave 100% of everything they had for “their” sovereignty and ability for self governance. The rest of “the people” were still under Britain’s Authority as subject citizens.

Great Britain then purchased the debt that France loaned the Britain North American Colonies to amend the violation of the Treaty of Paris 1763. Now Great Britain owned the debt of the Colonies.

The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender. [Proverbs 22:7] “The Founders” (56 signers of the compact) had hired mercenaries from the borrowed money via France to fight King George due to Stamp Act and various legislative parliament acts. The mercenaries demanded that they be paid. The state Georgia refused to pay stating they were sovereign. They were NOT. [Chisholm v. Georgia 1793]

Citizens are not sovereign they are subjects, and subjects are slaves. The 56 signers were truly sovereign. The 56 signers maintained the power to tax the subjects/citizens of the states jurisdictions through concurrent jurisdictions set up through the various Royal Charters by the King i.e. Virginia Charter, Massachusetts Bay Co. East India Trading Co. for the repayment of the debt via land grants. And something that is granted may be ungranted.

This is why rent is paid because TENANTS don’t own land.

The conscripted mercenary armies surround the “Founders” in Philadelphia and demanded they be paid. The Founders had to flee to Annapolis and sued the king for peace. [Paris Peace Treaty 1783] The King agreed and recognized those 56 signers as sovereigns. Sovereigns without subjects! The rest of the subjects still belonged to the King. Citizens are not sovereigns, and tenants rent land. The King of England financially backed both sides of the Revolutionary war. (Treaty at Versailles July 15, 1782, Treat of Peace 8 Stat 80)

On January 22, 1783 Congress ratified a contract for the repayment of 21 loans that the UNITED STATES had already received dating from February 28, 1778 to July 5, 1782.

The UNITED STATES owed Great Britain money which was due January 1, 1788 to King George. [Contract between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America, signed at Versailles July 16, 1782.]

King George was not just the King of England; he was also the King of France. [The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 U.S. 8 Statutes at Large 80.]

Treaty of Paris Rediscovery number: 05477 05477_2008_015On August 21, 1783, Foreign Secretary, Charles James Fox wrote to British Commissioner, David Hartley:

“One thing only I must remind you of in point of form. When a treaty is signed between two Crowned Heads in order to prevent disputes about presidency, the name of the one stands first in one instrument and that of the other in the other but when the Treaty is between a Crowned Head and a Republic, the name of the Monarch is mentioned first in each instrument. I believe if you will inquire upon this subject among the corps diplomatique, you will find this to have been the constant practice.

David Hartley replied as follows under date of September 1:

The treaties are drawn out for signature as you have expressed it viz: giving precedence to the Crowned Head. The American Ministers never had a thought of disputing the priority or equality of rank & therefore I have had no occasion to mention the subject.” BritishAmerican Diplomcay : Treaty of ParisHunter Miller’s Notes]

BRITISH TROOPS DID NOT LEAVE UNTIL 1796 [Republican v. Sweers 1 Dallas 43, Treaty of Commerce 8 Stat 116, The society for Propagating the Gospel & c. v. New Haven 8 Wheat 464, Treaty of Peace 8 Stat 80, IRS Publication 6209, Articles of Association October 20, 1774.]

And once again, King George was the “ArchTreasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire and of the United States of America.” [Treaty of Paris 1763 & The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 8 U.S. Statutes at Large 80]

Britain is owned by the Vatican. [Treaty of 1213] [Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England][Elements of Ecclesiastical Law Vol. 1 53-54][Avalon Project – Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England]

The Pope have the power to abolish any US law [Elements of Ecclesiastical Law Vol. 1 53-54][Avalon Project – Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England]

On National Canon Law. Page 53

The Holy See and civil governments may be annulled by the Pope. There can be no doubt that the Holy See is bound, as a general rule, to observe these agreements. 15 We say, as a general rule; for it is commonly held by canonists that the Pontiff may recede from concordats when there are just reasons for so doing. In fact, it is controverted whether concordats are contracts proper or mere privileges. Again, it seems to be commonly admitted that in all agreements entered into by the Sovereign Pontiff this condition is understood: Nisi aliud exigent causa gravis et extraordinaria propter bonum commune ecclesiae. (In other words, unless you show cause of extraordinary evidence that you are not ruled by the Pope you’re presumed to be ruled by the Holy See.)

ART. II.

Of American Canon Law, or of the National Canon Law of the United States.

106. Question. What is meant by American Canon Law?

Answer. By the national Ecclesiastical Law (Eccl.) of this country we under stand the various derogations from the Jus commune (common law), or the different customs that exist among the churches in the United States, and are sanctioned or tolerated by the Roman Pontiff. 18 We say, are sanctioned or tolerated by the Roman Pontiff; for, as was seen, no national law can become legitimate except by at least the tacit or legal consent of the Pope. Again, the jus particulare of a nation always remains subject to the authority of the Holy See in such manner as to be repealable at any time by it. Hence, the jus nationtie, or the exceptional ecclesiastical laws prevalent in the (continue)

Page 54 (continue) On National Canon Law. United States, may be abolished at any time by the Sovereign Pontiff.

107. Peculiar Features of our National Canon Law. The Oo-eneral character of the national canon law of the United States, as contained in the Plenary Council of Baltimore and in the decrees of the Provincial and Diocesan Synods of this country, is that of a missionary country i.e., of a country which is not yet converted to the faith. Now, in missionary countries the disciplinary organization or regime of dioceses is naturally imperfect and Inchoative in the beginning, and only develops itself gradually, in proportion as the faith spreads and the Church flourishes. As a rule, the The Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide at first appoints for such a country a priest in the capacity of praefectus apostolicus. Afterwards, when the diocesan organization is more advanced, it appoints a Vicarins Apostolicus, who is made a titular bishop, i.e., a bishop in part. inf.

Sacred Congregation de Propaganda FideLastly, when the diocesan organization has progressed farther, bishops with residentiary sees are appointed. Still, even these bishops and their dioceses remain under the sole direction of the The Sacred Congregation de Propaganda Fide, and retain their missionary character until the diocesan regime becomes perfected to such a degree as to be in full conformity with the sacred canons.

108. The organization of parishes in missionary countries progresses in a similar gradual manner. At first, there will be simple missionaries travelling from place to place, and gathering together small and scattered congregations which will be nothing but missions.

As these missions or congregations grow and prosper, they assume the character of Quasi-Parishes with fixed limits, and the missionary becomes a resident rector or Quasiperiodic, and should not be removed by the bishop without sufficient cause. Finally, when the quasi parish has acquired a stable existence and become possessed of sufficient income for the maintenance of divine worship, whether in the form of pew-rents, collections, etc., or of other sources, it is raised to the dignity of a parish in the full and canonical sense of the term, and its rector becomes a canonical parish priest proper. The decrees of the respective Plenary, Provincial, and Diocesan Synod regulating this peculiar condition of things constitute the national canon law of a missionary country.”

The Definitive Treaty of Peace 1783 Article 4 Stated: “It is agreed that creditors on either side shall meet with no lawful impediment to the recovery of the full value in sterling money of all bona fide debts heretofore contracted.”

George Washington divided the States (Estates) into Districts. [Messages and papers of the Presidents Vo 1, pg 99. Webster’s 1828 dictionary for definition of Estate.]

The Articles of Confederation Article XII

“All bills of credit emitted, monies borrowed, and debts contracted by, or under the authority of Congress, before the assembling of the United States, in pursuance of the present confederation, shall be deemed and considered as a charge against the United States, for payment and satisfaction whereof the said United States, and the public faith are hereby solemnly pledged.”

federal pillarsOn September 17, 1787 Nine State delegates approved the Constitution. The other four states silently acquiesced and it was ratified despite the rules under the articles of confederation of a unanimous decision. [AntiFederalist Papers] The States have now become Constitutors.

Constitutor: “In the civil law, one who, by simple agreement, becomes responsible for the payment of another’s debt.” [Blacks Law Dictionary 5th Edition page 282]

Constitutum: In the civil law, an agreement to pay a subsisting debt which exists without any stipulation in that it must be for an existing debt.” [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 283]

Constitutio: “In civil law, an imperial ordinance, decree, or constitution, distinguished from Lex, Senatus consultum, and other kinds of law and having its effect from the sole will of the emperor. A sum paid according to an agreement.” [Blacks Law 5th edition page 282]

Constitution: “laws promulgated, i.e., enacted by the Roman Emperor…The emperor had this power of irresponsible enactment by virtue of a certain Lex Regia, whereby he was made the fountain of justice and of mercy.” [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 283]

Civil law,’ ‘Roman law’ and ‘Roman Civil Law’ are convertible phrases, meaning the same system of jurisprudence.” [Black’s 3rd p 332.]

Article VI section I of the U.S. Constitution Keeps the loans from the King valid it states; “All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.”

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 2  of the U.S. Constitution states that “Congress has the power to borrow money on the faith and credit of the United States.” This was needed so the United States (Which went into Bankruptcy on January 1, 1788) could borrow money and then because the States were a party to the Constitution they would also be liable for it.

The States were now liable for the debt owed to the King, but the people of America were not because they were not a party to the Constitution because it was never put to them for a vote.

An Act making provision for the payment of the Debt of the United States was passed on August 4th, 1790 which can be found at [1 U.S. Statutes at Large pages 138-178.] This Act for all intents and purposes abolished the States and Created the Districts. In this Act each District was assigned a portion of the debt. The next step was for the states to reorganize their governments which most did in 1790. This had to be done because the States needed to legally bind the people to the debt. The original State Constitutions were never submitted to the people for a vote. So the governments wrote new constitutions and submitted them to people for a vote thereby binding the people to the debts owed to Great Britain. The people became citizens of the State where they resided and ipso facto a citizen of the United States. A citizen is a member of a fictional entity and it is synonymous with subject.

If one goes to 8 U.S. statutes at large 116-132 you will find The treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation. This Treaty was signed on November 19th, 1794 which was twelve years after the War. Article 2 of the Treaty states that the King’s Troops were still occupying the United States. The troops would return to England by June 1st, 1796.

On September 30th, 1783 Benjamin Franklin, Esquire, John Adams, Esquire, and John Jay, Esquire, negotiated the terms of the debt repayment to Great Britain. [Definitive Peace Treaty of Paris 1763]

Benjamin Franklin Esquire was working for Great Britain, United States, and France. He was a triple agent who studied the works of Sir John Dee of Great Britain, who was known as Agent 007. [Secret Mysteries of America’s Beginnings]

Esquire defined in Merriam-Webster:

1: a member of the English gentry ranking below a knight

2: a candidate for knighthood serving as shield bearer and attendant to a knight

3: used as a title of courtesy usually placed in its abbreviated form after the surname

4: Archaic: a landed proprietor

“When people desired to come to this country for the purpose of settlement, it was necessary for them to• obtain permission from the government interested in that portion of the new country which they expected to occupy.” The permits thus granted formed the basis of the new governments set upon this side of the Atlantic. Sometimes these permits were granted by the king to a company, whose members either sent out colonists to the new country or came themselves as colonists. Such permits were known as Royal charter and were in reality a form of constitution granted by the king to the colonists, defining their rights and privileges. They usually outlined the form of government, providing for a governor and council. Sometimes these permits were granted to individuals called proprietors, and the governments set up by them were called Proprietary Government.

These proprietors in turn granted charters to their colonists, so that in general the government of charter colonies and of proprietary governments was very similar. In time, however, all but a few of the colonies lost or surrendered their charters, passed under the direct Government of the mother country (England), and came to be known as Royal Provinces. In the royal provinces the king could rule with greater freedom. He appointed the governor and the colonial judges, and everywhere except in Massachusetts, the governor’s council also. Notwithstanding this, the colonists’ retained no small measure of self-government.” [Berles_Self_Culture_p304 by Joseph Phillips]

These men were “proprietors” of companies…the East India Company being the “Grand Corporation” with its “red, white, and blue” striped flag. In fact, here are some of the flags of the East India Company….let’s see if this gives you a clue:

East Indian flagsYou don’t think that they knew that they were still subservient to the Crown…..read the letter from Hartley of Parliament and US Foreign Affairs Secretary: Fox…… 

Avalon Project – British-American Diplomcay : Treaty of Paris NOTE REGARDING THE ALTERNAT

The form of the treaty was the subject of some correspondence between Fox, secretary of state for foreign affairs, and Hartley. Copies of the letters are in Bancroft’s Transcripts, Hartley’s Negotiations, II, 53, 57, nypl

“Mr. American”….since “your American Ministers” never thought of disputing the priority or EQUALITY OF RANK…that being the Crown had “Precedence”…..then where does that leave you? Subject that is “subjected”, correct? 

Article Six of the United States Constitution States All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the Supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

Supreme Law of the LandThe Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to Any Office or public Trust under the United States.”

That’s International Treaties dealing with the International Public Order i.e., High contracting parties i.e., the Pope. All Treaties signed are the Supreme Law of the Land.

Therefore contract law is the Supreme Law of the Land, not the con-stitution!

Furthermore, you cannot dispute the debt or it will be in surmounting of insurrection and rebellion. Slavery is illegal as involuntary servitude. However, voluntary servitude is not.

14th Amendment, Amendment Amendment XIV, Section 4 U.S. Constitution States that “The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any state shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.”

Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution

States “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

“To borrow money on the credit of the United States;”

“To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against theLaw of Nations;

The constitution makes a reference to the “Law of Nations.” Ask a constitutional expert what exactly is the “Law of Nations” and your response might be shocking.

They study the constitution, why don’t they study the Law of Nations? What is the Law of Nations? It is Public international law. And it is the Supreme Law of the Land.

The Law of nation is International Law. “the law which regulates the intercourse of nations; the law of nations. The customary law which determines the rights and regulates the intercourse of independent nations in peace and war.” [Blacks Law 5th Edition page 733]

“Public international law concerns the structure and conduct of sovereign states, analogous entities, such as the Holy See, and intergovernmental organizations. To a lesser degree, international law also may affect multinational corporations and individuals.”

“The field of study combines two main branches: the law of nations (Jus gentium) and international agreements and conventions (jus inter gentes), which have different theoretical foundations and should not be confused.”

Public International Law should not be confused with “Private International Law,” which is concerned with the resolution of conflict of laws. In its most general sense, international law “consists of rules and principles of general application dealing with the conduct of states and of intergovernmental organizations and with their relations inter se, as well as with some of their relations with persons, whether natural or juridical.”

What is the Holy See? The Holy See is From the Latin Sancta Sedes, Holy Chair. A term derived from the enthronement ceremony of the bishops of Rome. The papal enjoyed reservations of benefices, customary in the Middle Ages.

The Holy See Cipro-Musel VaticanThe terms “Holy See” and “Apostolic See”

Every episcopal see is considered holy. In Greek, the adjective “holy” or “sacred” (____) is constantly applied to all such sees as a matter of course. In the West, the adjective is not commonly added, but it does form part of an official title of two sees: as well as Rome, the Archbishopric of Mainz (the former Archbishopric of Mainz), which was also of electoral and primatial rank, bears the title of “the Holy See of Mainz” (Latin:Sancta sedes Moguntina).

pope seatThe term “see” comes from the Latin word “sedes”, meaning “seat”, which refers to the Episcopal throne (Cathedra). The term “Apostolic See” can refer to any see founded by one of the Apostles, but, when used with the definite article, it is used in the Catholic Church to refer specifically to the see of the Bishop of Rome, whom that Church sees as successor of Saint Peter, the chief of the apostles. [Catholic Encyclopedia]

 See: U.S. Supreme Court Issues Landmark Decision: Constitution is Void

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