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nazismDenazification (German: Entnazifizierung) was an Allied initiative to rid German and Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, and politics of any remnants of the National Socialist (Nazi) ideology. It was carried out specifically by removing those involved from positions of influence and by disbanding or rendering impotent the organizations associated with it. The program of denazification was launched after the end of the Second World War and was solidified by the Potsdam Agreement.

The term denazification was first coined as a legal term in 1943 in the Pentagon, intended to be applied in a narrow sense with reference to the post-war German legal system. Soon afterward, it took on the more general meaning.

Denazification in Germany was attempted through a series of directives issued by the Allied Control Council, seated in Berlin, beginning in January 1946. “Denazification directives” identified specific people and groups and outlined judicial procedures and guidelines for handling them. Though all the occupying forces had agreed on the initiative, the methods used for denazification and the intensity with which they were applied differed between the occupation zones.

1946DenazLaundry350Denazification also refers to the removal of the physical symbols of the Nazi regime. For example, in 1957 the West German government re-issued World War II Iron Cross medals without the swastika in the center.

About 8.5 million Germans, or 10% of the population, had been members of the Nazi Party. Nazi-related organizations also had huge memberships, such as the German Labour Front (25 million), the National Socialists People’s Welfare organization (17 million), the League of German Women, Hitler Youth, the Doctors’ League, and others. It was through the Party and these organizations that the Nazi state was run, involving as many as 45 million Germans in total. In addition, Nazism found significant support among industrialists, who produced weapons or used slave labour, and large landowners, especially the Junkers in Prussia. Denazification after the surrender of Germany was thus an enormous undertaking, fraught with many difficulties.

The first difficulty was the enormous number of Germans who might have to be first investigated, then penalized if found to have supported the Nazi state to an unacceptable degree. In the early months of denazification there was a great will, especially among the Americans, to be utterly thorough, to investigate everyone and hold every supporter of Nazism to account; however, it turned out that the numbers simply made that goal impractical. It soon became evident, too, that pursuing denazification too scrupulously would make it impossible to create a functioning, democratic society in Germany, one that would be able to support itself economically and not become a burden on the victorious nations. Enforcing the strictest sanctions against lesser offenders would prevent too many talented people from participating in the reconstruction process.

The Morgenthau Plan

kaufmann-plan-to-exterminate-the-germans

Morgenthau Plan of 1944 from the plan to exterminate Germans that was advocated by Theodore N. Kaufman’s 1941 book The Morgenthau Plan ‘Germany Must Perish!’

Kaufman’s ‘Germany Must Perish!’ was sent to major officials and journalists in 1941 with a highly successfully marketing campaign that caused reviews in major periodicals of the book to appear coupled with the fact that Goebbels made it a centrepiece of the Third Reich anti-jewish propaganda effort. It would not be unreasonable to assert that the three parties who had a central hand in conceiving and advocating the Morgenthau Plan; i.e. Henry Morgenthau, Harry Dexter White and Soviet Intelligence (with their leader in the USA being Rudy Baker [nee Rudolph Blum]), had read or were very aware of Kaufman’s book.

The book’s proposed campaign of revenge and extermination by the sterilization of the Germans played nicely into the feelings that were elicited in all three parties given the atrocity propaganda that was a staple of Allied and Soviet propaganda and the fact that all three of the parties concerned were Jewish.

Operation Paperclip

operation-paperclip-300x235The denazification process included the Secret Intelligence Program That Brought 16 hundred Nazi Scientists to America. German rocket scientist, doctors, including some of Adolf Hitler’s closest collaborators, including men responsible for murder, slavery, and human experimentation were taken out of Germany to work on projects in the victor’s own country or simply seized in order to prevent the other side from taking them. The U.S. sent 785 scientists and engineers from Germany to America, some of whom formed the backbone of the U.S. space program.

Nuremberg trials

Nuremberg-trial-001In the case of the top-ranking Nazi party leaders, such as Göring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, Streicher, and Speer, the initial plan was to simply arrest them and shoot them,  but that course of action was replaced by putting them on trial for war crimes at the Nuremberg Trials in order to publicize their crimes while demonstrating that the trials and the sentences were just, especially to the German people. However, the legal foundations of the trials were sometimes questioned, and the German people were not entirely convinced that the trials were anything more than “victors’ justice.

A swastika at the Nazi party rally grounds being demolished with explosives, as part of the denazification initiative.

Denazification also took place with US taking over German media and 37 German newspapers, 6 radio stations, 314 theatres, 642 cinemas, 101 magazines, 237 book publishers and 7384 book dealers and printers made sure there were NO criticism of the Allied occupation or its forces. Over 30,000 book titles ranging from school textbooks to poetry were banned and anyone in possession of even one was punished. The banned books were confiscated and destroyed.  Even artwork related to Nazism were prohibited.

Holocaust Denial

KKK_holocaust_a_zionist_hoaxThe Holocaust Denial was considered a crime and banned in most countries of Europe. In 2001, the EU criminalized Holocaust denial.
The constitution of German was completed on May 8, 1949 and ratified on 23 May greatly influenced by the denazification process. Germans were to be all held responsible in what was officially termed “collective responsibility” for the actions of the Nazi regime. “Collective guilt” was another term applied to all Germans. This was the psychological warfare imposed upon the Germans by the Allied troops and its policy was never questioned. Posters in German were put up “You are guilty of this” or “These atrocities : Your Guilt”. Photos of dead humans carried heading “Who is guilty?” or “This town is guilty! You are Guilty”. Germans were forces forced to see rotting corpses and made to further feel guilty on a quest to make ALL Germans feel “collectively responsible” and “collectively guilty” for the crimes of the Nazis.

Namering_exhumed_bodies_of_SS_murdered_slave_workers_ww2-183Germany as a nation suffered tremendously – its denazification program ensured that ideology of Nazism was buried before the country was handed back to Germany. The Germans were not entitled to decry foreign occupation or object to foreign military presence and that foreign presence remained for 13 years.

 

Resources:

Reconstruction of Germany

Henry Morgenthau

The Kaufman and Morgenthau Plans to Exterminate the …

Background to Treason – Racial Nationalist Library

Euthanasia Program

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