Russian Navy prioritizes the Arctic and the Atlantic. At the same time strengthens the Navy their positions in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, according to a new doctrine. “Our attention towards the Atlantic justified by NATO’s expansion to the east,” said Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.
“The focus on the Arctic shows among other things that the Navy will have a new fleet of icebreakers. The Arctic is important for Russia because the area is rich in minerals and gives the country unrestricted access to the Atlantic and the Pacific,” said Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.
The Kremlin also wants to “ensure an adequate military naval presence” in the Atlantic region.
“Emphasis on the Atlantic is linked to the fact that there has recently been a fairly active development of NATO that has approached our borders. The Russian Federation will naturally answer it,” said Dmitry Rogozin.
The doctrine is an update of the earlier doctrine which was published six months ago – and that was a dramatic manifestation of the deteriorating relationship with the West. According to the deputy prime minister, the situation in the Crimea, which Russia annexed the last year, influenced the content.
Russia plans to make financial investments in the Crimea, to develop the infrastructure for the Black Sea Fleet based on the peninsula as well as to speed up the “reconstruction and completion of strategic Russian positions” in the Black Sea. Moreover, the Kremlin wants to have a permanent presence in the Mediterranean.
According to the doctrine, it is also important to have close cooperation with China in the Pacific region and India in the Indian Ocean.
In February, NATO decided to strengthen its presence in Eastern Europe because of what they think is Russian aggression in Ukraine. Russia is accused of assisting separatists in eastern Ukraine with both soldiers and military equipment.
Denmark has presented a claim to the UN, arguing that the area surrounding the North Pole is connected to the continental shelf of Greenland, a Danish autonomous territory.
Foreign Minister Martin Lidegaard said it was a “historic and important milestone“ for Denmark.
A number of countries claiming the Arctic. 2008 announced Denmark, Russia, Norway, Canada and the United States.
Arctic nations have agreed that a UN panel will settle the dispute.
The focus of the dispute is the Lomonosov Ridge, a 1,800km-long (1,120 miles) underwater mountain range that splits the Arctic in two.
Back in 2008, a US Geological Survey report estimated that as much as 22% of the world’s undiscovered and recoverable resources lay north of the Arctic Circle.
The 21-member panel investigating the competing claims to the pole will have to decide whether the scientific evidence put forward is valid. If the claims overlap, the relevant states will then have to negotiate, the spokesman said.
Mr Lidegaard said data collected since 2002 backed Denmark’s claim to an approximate area of 895,000 sq km (346,000 sq miles)- roughly 20 times the size of Denmark – beyond Greenland’s nautical borders.
Denmark, along with Russia, Norway, Canada and the US said in 2008 that the territorial dispute should be settled under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
After ratifying the convention, a country has 10 years to submit a claim to extend its continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from its borders. Canada expressed formal interest last year, and Denmark’s deadline is about to run out.
Jon Rahbek-Clemmensen of Denmark’s Syddansk University said “the government in Copenhagen had staked its claim, partly to show the world that Denmark could not be pushed about, but also to prove a political point to the people of Greenland.”
“There’s a strong push for independence in Greenland, and Denmark wants to show it’s capable of taking its interest into account,” he told the BBC.
“By taking this step, Copenhagen is sending a signal [to Greenland]: ‘Listen, we’re on your team.'”
A Russian submarine planted a rust-proof titanium flag 4,200m (14,000ft) beneath the North Pole in 2007, provoking an angry response from Canada.
However, Danish scientists were firm in their claim. “The Lomonosov ridge is the natural extension of the Greenland shelf,” Christian Marcussen of the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland told AP news agency.
So close to the Swedish border equips Russia
Russia renovates its military base Alakurtti, just under 30 mil from Norrbotten, Sweden. It’s about 7,000 soldiers including experts in electronic warfare. “Moscow would likely secure important interests in the Arctic,” said security expert Johan Norberg.
Next year a motor shooting brigade – which would normally involve 7,000 soldiers – stationed in Alakurtti in the Murmansk region, about five mil from the Finnish border, according to the state-controlled Russian news agency Ria Novosti according to the Moscow Times.
Earlier, the Russian newspaper Izvestia reported that 3,000 intelligence officers who are experts in electronic warfare will be stationed at the base. They will, among other things, monitor the westerly related traffic, writes Norwegian TV2 .
At the same time replace the air wing in Montjegorsk, about 12 mil from the Finnish border, their Su-24 aircraft to the Su-34’s.
– Su-34 is a modern attack aircraft. These aircraft are added to the part of Russia to modernize its air force.
Russia’s rearmament is a way to secure important interests in the Arctic, says Johan Norberg.
– Russia’s ambitions in the Arctic include access to natural resources such as minerals, oil and gas under the seabed and maritime transport leading to Asia.
In addition, Russia’s military interests, to strengthen radar surveillance.
– A Russian concern is that the United States should send intercontinental missiles over the Arctic. Therefore, once one knows the need to have the radar coverage area.
Although Russia is preparing so close to the Swedish – and especially Finnish – limit, then it constitutes in itself no increased threat to the Nordic States.
– The increased threat is Russia’s total refurbishment and that the country is more ready to use its military capability. Russia’ve started a war in Ukraine.
Militärbasernas geographical location has certainly important, but the movement is fundamental for the Russian defense.
– Russia can fairly quickly move their units, within a few days or weeks. Air units can move quickly, while ground units will take longer.