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Intelligence in 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Panel 2

Panelists spoke about recently declassified intelligence reports from the 1973 Arab-Israeli War. They talked about factors that led to the missed call on the Arab-Israeli War of 1973…

Studies in IntelligenceThe Central Intelligence Agency has posted hundreds of declassified and unclassified articles from its in-house journal Studies in Intelligence, in an effort to settle a lawsuit brought by a former employee, Whistleblower Jeffrey Scudder. Until recently, the CIA had resisted release of the requested articles in softcopy format (Secrecy News), but the Agency eventually relented.

Scudder, then a project manager for the CIA’s Historical Collection Division, filed a FOIA request in 2007 for 419 Studies in Intelligence articles after discovering “a stack of articles, hundreds of histories of long-dormant conflicts and operations that he concluded were still being stored in secret years after they should have been shared with the public.” During the process of filing the request, Scudder was“confronted by supervisors and accused of mishandling classified information while assembling his FOIA request. His house was raided by the FBI and his family’s computers seized. Stripped of his job and his security clearance, Scudder said he agreed to retire last year after being told that if he refused, he risked losing much of his pension.”

Jeffrey Scudder– Jeffrey Scudder shares his story about how his career unraveled.

Despite the agency’s harassment, Scudder carried on with his FOIA request, inevitably filing a FOIA lawsuit for the documents’ release. As part of his initial request, Scudder asked that the documents be released in electronic format – the form that they were already in. The CIA, however, continued its common practice of refusing to release soft copies of its records – ostensibly for security reasons – and told Scudder he could only have hard copies of the articles, which would cost Scudder twice as much. Scudder sued the agency, contending that the CIA was frustrating his efforts to obtain the documents –and charging him double for doing so. (See ‘Scudder v. Central Intelligence Agency’).

District Court Judge Beryl A. Howell agreed with Scudder, writing that “Where, as here, an agency asserts nearly twenty years after the passage of the E-FOIA Amendments that it cannot provide any electronic formats because of a lengthy process the agency has created, a court is required by the FOIA to evaluate that process to determine if it meets the statutorily mandated ‘reasonable efforts’ standard…[a] FOIA request for records in an existing format should not be frustrated due to the agency’s decision to adopt a production process that nonetheless renders release in that format highly burdensome.”

The CIA changed course after Judge Howell’s finding, found a “creative solution” to the problem, and posted 249 records online with the remaining 170 documents withheld in full.

Since Scudder’s case became public, the CIA has stated that it “does not retaliate or take any personnel action against employees for submitting [FOIA] requests or pursuing them in litigation,” and has, citing budget cuts, disbanded its Historical Collections Division.

CIA-ClandestineOpsWhile the silver lining to the CIA’s attempt to both conceal historically significant documents and intimidate Scudder is that many of the documents are now publicly available, the fact remains that many of the documents — which should have been publicly available in the first place — were posted with unnecessary redaction’s. Matthew Aid, for example, already possesses two fully declassified and unredacted articles that the CIA recently posted, with heavy redaction’s, to its website. According to Aid, “This is a typical case of the left-hand not knowing what the right-hand is doing, and just further demonstrates that the CIA’s FOIA system is urgently in need of a major overhaul.”

Jeffrey Scudder was profiled recently in the Washington Post (CIA employee’s quest to release information ‘destroyed my entire career’ by Greg Miller, July 4, 2014).

Studies in Intelligence.jpgBelow are some intriguing articles from the CIA’s release that caught our attention. Please comb through them – and the others – and tell us what’s worthy of note in them! [Here is the entire larger collection of declassified Studies articles].

 

Declassified Articles from Studies in Intelligence: The IC’s Journal for the Intelligence Professional

Studies in IntelligenceThis collection of released documents consists of a selection of declassified Studies in Intelligence articles from the 1970s to 2000s. The documents reveal the CIA’s place in conducting U.S. foreign policy. The Agency cannot plan or act today without being influenced in some way by its collective past or the historical experiences that these documents describe. This collection of declassified articles includes studies on the leadership of the individual  Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) and other senior Agency officers; histories of CIA directorates and their activities; tutorials on improving intelligence tradecraft; ever-changing intelligence challenges and national security threats to the U.S.; and specific events in which intelligence played a role in informing policymakers or influencing outcomes.

kentStudies in Intelligence, the Intelligence Community’s  journal for the intelligence professional, is administered by the Agency’s Center for the Study of Intelligence. Its mission is to stimulate within the Intelligence Community the constructive discussion of important issues of the day, to expand knowledge of lessons learned from past experiences, to increase understanding of the history of the profession, and to provide readers with considered reviews of public literature concerning intelligence. Intelligence trailblazer Sherman Kent —the ‘father’ of intelligence analysis in America—created Studies in 1955 as a journal for intelligence professionals.

In the first article published in Studies, Kent called for the creation of a literature that would support the development of intelligence as a professional discipline. He said, “As long as this discipline lacks a literature, its method, its vocabulary, its body of doctrine, and even its fundamental theory run the risk of never reaching full maturity.“  Kent believed that the most important service such a literature could perform would be to record and disseminate new ideas and experiences, and build toward a cumulative understanding of the profession.

Documents in this Collection

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Latest CSI Products

CSI Publications

Issues of Studies in Intelligence

Earlier Studies in Intelligence Articles and Other Publications

Documents in this Collection

Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®

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Browse the collection

On the Historical Collections page, or (Publications — Central Intelligence Agency – CIA), you can download pdf files of the booklet and catalog. You can also view the collection’s photos on CIA’s Flickr stream and its videos on the CIA YouTube channel [external link disclaimer].

Central Intelligence Agency | Historical Collections Division

Intelligence in 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Panel 1

Intelligence 1973 Arab-Israeli War Panel 1 | Video | C-SPAN

Panelists spoke about recently declassified intelligence reports from the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.*They talked about factors that led to the missed call on the Arab-Israeli War of 1973 and considered how lessons learned from “intelligence failures,” intelligence gathering methods, as well as past and current assessments on the Middle East.*They responded to questions from the audience.

Intelligence 1973 Arab-Israeli War Panel 2 | Video | C-SPAN

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