Over forty years ago in June the Watergate break-in occurred which led to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. No person was more tuned into this event and chronicled it more substantially than Stanley Kutler, Ph.D., the E. Gordon Fox Professor of American Institutions and History of Law, University of Wisconsin-Madison. In the mid-1990’s, his successful lawsuit against the National Archives and the Nixon Estate forced the release of the suppressed Nixon tapes which are published in his book, Abuse of Power: The New Nixon Tapes.
On this program, Professor Kutler takes us back decades to this remarkable time in our American history and describes how our democracy unfolded as it should. Would the resignation of Richard Nixon occurred without the tapes? Professor Kutler answers this question and gives us new insight into some of the Congressional leaders whose strong commitment to the Constitution helped the Watergate hearings stay on course.
The versions below have been revised and updated by the Presidential Recordings Program.
This collection is by no means comprehensive, and new segments will be added periodically:
- The Smoking Gun
- Cancer on the Presidency: Editors’ Note: Previous versions of this transcript were published as Watergate Prosecutor Transcripts, WTT-EX12, pp.1-8; Stanley Kutler,Abuse of Power: The New Nixon Tapes (New York: Free Press, 1997) pp. 247-49
John Dean: The reason I thought we ought to talk this morning is because in our conversations I have the impression that you don’t know everything I know-
President Nixon: [Unclear.]
Dean: -and it makes it very difficult for you to make judgments that only you can make-
President Nixon: That’s right.
Dean: -on some of these things and I thought that-
President Nixon: In other words, I’ve got to know why you would feel that our [unclear] something [unclear]-
Dean: Well, let me-
President Nixon: -unravel something.
Dean: -give you my overall, first.
President Nixon: Your judgment as to where it stands and where we ought to go.
Dean: I think that there’s no doubt about the seriousness of the problem we’ve got. We have a cancer within-close to the presidency, that’s growing. It’s growing daily. It’s compounding. It grows geometrically now, because it compounds itself. That’ll be clear as I explain, you know, some of the details of why it is, and it basically is because (1) we’re being blackmailed; (2) people are going to start perjuring themselves very quickly that have not had to perjure themselves to protect other people and the like. And that is just . . . and there is no assurance-
President Nixon: That it won’t bust.
Dean: That that won’t bust.
President Nixon: True.
Dean: So let me give you the sort of basic facts, talking first about the Watergate, and then about [Donald] Segretti, and about some of the peripheral items that have come up.
First of all, on the Watergate: how did it all start? Where did it start? It started with an instruction to me from Bob Haldema to see if we couldn’t set up a perfectly legitimate campaign intelligence operation over at the Re-Election Committee.1 Not being in this business, I turned to somebody who had been in this business, Jack Caulfield, who is-I don’t know if you remember Jack or not.
President Nixon: [Unclear.]
Dean: He was your original bodyguard before they had candidate protection, an old New York City policeman.
President Nixon: Right. I know. I know.
Dean: Jack had worked for John [Ehrlichman] and then was transferred to my office. And I said, “Jack come up with a plan that, you know, is a normal infiltration, I mean, you know, buying information from secretaries and all that sort of thing.” He did. He put together a plan. It was kicked around, and I went to Ehrlichman with it, I went to Mitchell with it, and the consensus was that Caulfield wasn’t the man to do this. In retrospect, that might have been a bad call, [be]cause he is an incredibly cautious person and wouldn’t have put the situation where it is today.
President Nixon: [Unclear.]
Dean: Right after rejecting that, they said, “We still need something.” So I was told to look around for somebody that could go over to 1701 [Pennsylvania Avenue, CREEP headquarters] and do this. That’s when I came up with Gordon Liddy, who-they needed a lawyer. Gordon had intelligence background from his FBI service. I was aware of the fact that he had done some extremely sensitive things for the White House [Plumbers unit] while he’d been at the White House, and he had apparently done them well, going out into Ellsberg’s doctor’s office-
President Nixon: Oh, yeah.
Dean: -and things like this. He’d worked with leaks. He, you know, tracked these things down. And so the report that I got from [Egil] Krogh [co-leader of the Plumbers group] was that he was a hell of a good man, and not only that, a good lawyer, and could set up a proper operation. So we talked to Liddy. Liddy was interested in doing it. took Liddy over to meet Mitchell. Mitchell thought highly of him because, apparently, Mitchell was partly involved in his coming to the White House to work for Krogh. Liddy had been at Treasury before that. Then Liddy was told to put together his plan: you know, how he would run an intelligence operation. And this was after he was hired over there at the Committee. Magruder called me in January and said, “I’d like to have you come over and see Liddy’s plan.”
President Nixon: January of ’72?
Dean: January of ’72. “I’d like you to come over to Mitchells’ office and sit in on a meeting where Liddy is going to lay his plan out.” I said, “Well, I don’t really know as I’m the man, but if you want me there I’ll be happy to.” So I came over and Liddy laid out a million-dollar plan that was the most incredible thing I have ever laid my eyes on: all in codes, and involved black bag operations, kidnapping, providing prostitutes to weaken the opposition, bugging, mugging teams. It was just an incredible thing.
- I want the Brookings Institute safe cleaned out
- You need a team
- I really need a son-of-a-bitch
- Everybody bugs everybody else
- Financing a Kennedy Write-In Campaign
- Get me the names of the Jews
- Going after Dan Schorr
- He’s just got to tell them to lay off
- How much money is involved?
- Howard Hunt (2)
- Howard Hunt
- It just repels him to do these horrible things
- It’s a balls thing
- Delaying the indictments
- Destroying the Tapes
- Destroying the Watergate Tapes
- I Want the Goddamn Funds
- If It Blows, It Blows
- Let the Democrats squeal
- See if his phone is bugged or something
- The Taping System Logistics
- Too many nice guys
- You could get a million dollars
- This is a conspiracy
- This is the guy who’ll get out and tear things up
- You can’t screw around with the IRS
- Richard Nixon