– The SUMED pipeline is the only alternative route to transport crude oil from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean if ships were unable to navigate through the Suez Canal.
Syria itself isn’t a major oil producer. The country’s exports have been severely restricted by U.S. and European Union sanctions in recent years and its energy infrastructure has been damaged by unrest. However, it lies in close proximity to pipelines and sea routes that transport much of the world’s crude. [emphasis added]
To the southwest is the Suez Canal, one such chokepoints, which connects the Red Sea and the Gulf of the Suez with the Mediterranean Sea. The canal transports about 800,000 barrels of crude and 1.4 million barrels of petroleum products daily, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Another regional oil shipping route potentially threatened by the so-called Syria crisis is the Sumed, or Suez-Mediterranean, pipeline, also in Egypt, which moves oil from the Persian Gulf region to the Mediterranean. The Sumed handles 1.7 million barrels of crude oil per day, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) said.
To the north of Syria is Turkey, which has the Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline that carries a large supply of Iraqi oil to the Mediterranean, and the Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline which transports oil from Central Asia. Oil prices have risen in the past when those pipelines were sabotaged.
And to the east of Syria are the oil fields of northern Iraq, a country that produced 3 million barrels of crude a day in 2012.
You might ask why there is so much focus on Syria right now. Well, Syria is an integral part of the proposed 1,200km Arab Gas Pipeline:
– Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP) is a trans-regional gas export pipeline built to carry natural gas from Egypt to Jordan, Syria and Lebanon.
In the summer of 2011, just weeks after civil war broke out in Syria, the Tehran Times released a report entitled, Iran, Iraq, Syria Sign Major Gas Pipeline Deal. The report provided details on Iranian plans to export its vast natural gas reserves to Europe through a pipeline that traverses both Iraq and Syria. This new Iran-Iraq-Syria pipeline would reportedly be the largest gas pipeline in the Middle East and would span from Iran’s gas-rich South Pars field to the Mediterranean coastline in Lebanon, via Iraq and Syria.
A recent Wikileaks revelations of US State Department leaks that show plans to destabilize Syria and overthrow the Syrian government as early as 2006. The leaks reveal that these plans were given to the US directly from the Israeli government and would be formalized through instigating civil strife and sectarianism through partnership with nations like Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar and even Egypt to break down the power structure in Syria to essentially to weaken Iran and Hezbolla. The leaks also reveal Israeli plans to use this crisis to expand it’s occupation of the Golan Heights for additional oil exploration and military expansion.
“The orders for regime change came out of Tel Aviv, they dictate foreign policy in the Middle East, I saw and heard Ehud Barak name the seven countries for regime change via You Tube. He named them as “enemies of Israel,” the information was sent to PNAC and on to Rumsfeld. He sent a memo out that Wesley Clark heard about and passed on to the world.” – General Wesley Clark: Wars Were Planned:
Israel doesn’t want to give up the Golan that they stole after Syria honored a cease fire that Ben-Gurion ordered Moshe Dayan to take when Israel violated the cease-fire, this fact provided by Dayan’s daughter, Yael Dayan.
Israel wants the US to execute the regime changes with US money, arms and blood to balkanize the Middle East to eliminate opposition to the Zionist Plan to control the Middle East, North Africa, etc. They are not satisfied with all of Palestine.
The preparations for Syria got started with special forces from US and Turkey training men at Incirlik Air Base in Turkey in 2006. This was reported by an observer that speaks the regional languages and knows the routine. The report was ignored by MSM, so it didn’t go very far before it was down the memory hole; however, I had the opportunity to hear the report from the source. There will be no peace until Israel’s occupation of Palestine.
To understand what is happening in and around Syria, one must look at regional alliances.
The most serious part of the plan was to “foster tensions between Shiites and Sunnis. In particular, to take rumors that are known to be false…or exaggerations and promote them – that Iran is trying to convert poor Sunnis, and to work with Saudi and Egypt to foster that perception in order to make it harder for Iran to have influence, and also harder for the government to have influence in the population.
Part of the problem in Syria is that you have a number of US allies surrounding it, principally Saudi and Qatar, that are funneling in weapons. Turkey as well is a very serious actor. They each have their own hegemonic ambitions in the region. Israel also, no doubt, if Syria sufficiently destabilized, it might be in a position where it can keep the Golan Heights forever, or even advance that territory. So you’ve got a number of players around Syria that are looking to bite off pieces…
US has never liked Syria because of its Russian ally. We all know that the empire hates not having full control. A Russian Naval base in the Med is not what they want, have never wanted.
The US also hates Assad for a number of reasons, but mostly that Syria has their own ideas about its own destiny. Most of all Syria wont join the IMF.. that’s the real “crime.”
When the US government wants something, it brings together the various arms of American power – including military, intelligence, financial, and commercial, as well as its informational and diplomatic power, in order to “push” on a country.
The pipeline is owned and operated by the West African Gas Pipeline Company (WAGPCo). It is led by Chevron with a working interest of 36.7%.
In alignment with that search, a ‘Master Plan’ was carved out of the Integrated Gas Strategy, which was inducted in 1999 by Sameh Fahmi, former Petroleum Minister of Egypt. The master plan calls for optimization of price to attract investors, increase gas export and develop infrastructure.
The AGP is a part of the master plan. The pipeline project was initiated within the framework of bilateral dialogues between Egypt and Jordan in 2001. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) later included Syria and Lebanon. Israel, Turkey and Iraq also signed deals to co-operate in this trans-regional pipeline project.
Route details for the extensive Middle Eastern gas network
The 1,880km Iran-Pakistan pipeline is being built to carry natural gas from Iran’s South Pars field to Baluchistan and Sindh provinces in Pakistan.
Future extensions for the trans-regional gas exportation pipeline
So yes, regime change was planned against Syria (as well as Iraq, Libya, Lebanon, Somalia, Sudan and Iran) 20 years ago. And yes, attacking Syria weakens its close allies Iran and Russia … and indirectly China.
But Syria’s central role in the Arab gas pipeline is also a key to why it is now being targeted.
A deal to run petroleum from Iraq’s Kirkuk oil field to the Syrian port of Banias has also been approved. Iraq and Syria plan to build as many as three new cross-border pipelines for oil and natural gas, providing the Iraqi government with new and potentially useful options for marketing its most valuable commodities.
Officials from the two countries’ oil ministries “recently” signed a memorandum of understanding to build two oil pipelines and Iraq’s first international gas pipeline, Senior Deputy Oil Minister for Upstream operations Abdul Karim Luaibi said in an interview in Baghdad. The pipelines would originate at oil fields near Kirkuk in northern Iraq and terminate at Syria’s port of Banias on the Mediterranean Sea.
The agreement comes as Iraq, home to the world’s third- biggest oil reserves, seeks to more than double its current crude production of 2.345 million barrels a day. Iraq depends on oil for most of its income and is counting on foreign companies such as Exxon Mobil Corp. to boost output at fields that have suffered from years of war, mismanagement and scant investment.
In 2003 the USA carried out airstrikes along the section of the pipeline in Iraqi territory. In 2007, Gazprom‘s subsidiary Stroytransgaz commenced discussions with the Ministry of Oil of Iraq and Iraq’s North Oil Company concerning its participation in the restoration of the Kirkuk – Banias export oil pipeline.
Israel is concerned by report on Russia delivers supersonic cruise missiles are en-route to Syria, especially by the possibility that Lebanon’s Hezbollah could get its hands on the warheads, potentially providing a huge threat to its offshore natural gas fields.
In March Israel began production from its second largest gas field, the Tamar field off the coast of northern Israel. The development of the field, which is estimated to have reserves of 8-11 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, is handled by a joint operation between Nobel Energy, Delek Group, Isramco, and Dor Alon.
The largest Israeli natural gas reserve is the Leviathan field a little further out to sea; it is estimated to contain around 20 trillion cubic feet and will begin producing gas in 2014.
“Golda Meir often joked that God had guided the Jewish people through the desert to the only land in the Middle East with no oil.” Qatar GCC gas pipeline west through Iraq and Syria to Mediterranean port
(Oil and Energy News) May 15, 2013 – In March, the stakes were raised, especially for Qatar, when Iraq signed an agreement with Iran for a pipeline to bring gas from the latter’s massive South Pars field through Iraq into Syria.
It is important to understand that it was this very same pipeline specter that launched Qatar’s design to shape the conflict in Syria, which not coincidentally started about the same time that the initial agreement for the pipeline was reached.
You see, the pipeline would give Iran a major outlet for its gas because it could also be extended beyond Syria, for instance to Lebanon, or perhaps to Europe. Qatar shares the Pars field with Iran, so this is a race to the finish line to get that gas to international markets. Neither the Qataris nor the Saudis (certainly not the Israelis) want Iran to have access to this market through such a pipeline. Pipelines are power. Of course, Russia doesn’t want it either, because in the end it could challenge its own gas hegemony over Europe.
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