Afghan National Security Forces, Afghanistan National Army (ANA), Afghanistan National Army (ANA) Trust Fund, International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), Transatlantic Alliance, War Games
Following the completion of the mission of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) at the end of 2014, a new, follow-on NATO-led mission called Resolute Support was launched on 1 January 2015 to provide further training, advice and assistance for the Afghan security forces and institutions.
Some 12,000 personnel from both NATO and partner nations will be deployed in support of the mission. The mission will operate with one central hub (in Kabul/Bagram) and four spokes in Mazar-e Sharif, Herat, Kandahar and Laghman. Currently, 14 partner countries are contributing to Resolute Support.
Key functions include:
- Supporting planning, programming and budgeting;
- Assuring transparency, accountability and oversight;
- Supporting the adherence to the principles of rule of law and good governance;
- Supporting the establishment and sustainment of such processes as force generation, recruiting, training, managing and development of personnel.
The detailed operation plan for Resolute Support was approved by NATO Foreign Ministers at the end of June 2014.
The legal framework for the Resolute Support mission is provided by a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), which was signed in Kabul on 30 September 2014 by the newly inaugurated Afghan President and NATO’s Senior Civilian Representative to Afghanistan, and later ratified by the Afghan Parliament on 27 November 2014. The SOFA defines the terms and conditions under which NATO forces will be deployed in Afghanistan as part of Resolute Support, as well as the activities that they are set to carry out under this agreement.
The United Nations Security Council welcomed the Resolute Support mission with the unanimous adoption on 12 December 2014 of Resolution 2189, which underscores the importance of “continued international support” for the “stability of Afghanistan.”
Beyond the training, advice and assistance mission, Allies and partner countries are committed to the broader international community’s support for the long-term financial sustainment of the Afghan security forces (see ANA Trust Fund below).
The Afghan National Army (ANA) Trust Fund was created in 2007 to provide a mechanism for International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) nations to support the transportation and installation of equipment donated by ISAF nations, to purchase equipment and services for ANA engineering projects, and to support in and out-of-country training.
The scope of the ANA Trust Fund was gradually expanded to also support the long-term sustainment of the ANA and to support literacy and professional military education.
At the NATO Summit in Chicago in May 2012, NATO Allies and ISAF nations reaffirmed their strong commitment to support the training, equipping, financing and capability development of the Afghan National Security Forces Beyond 2014. They agreed that, as part of the wider International Community, and building upon existing mechanisms, they would play their part in developing appropriate, coherent and effective funding mechanisms and expenditures arrangements for all strands of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). Such mechanisms would have to be “flexible, transparent, accountable and cost effective” and would need to include measures against corruption.
The provisions of the adapted ANA Trust Fund post-2014 were agreed in December 2013. They stipulate that:
_ the adapted ANA Trust Fund will continue to focus its activities on the Afghan National Army, “while retaining the existing flexibility” to provide support to other elements of the ANSF as necessary.
_ Funds will be allocated against the ANSF requirements plan, which the Afghan authorities will develop.
_ The United States will continue to manage the Fund until 2017; any extension of this mandate after 2017 will be subject to future decisions.
_ The use of the adapted ANA Trust Fund will be regulated by a yearly Implementation Plan which will include estimated costs, timelines and performance objectives.
_ The management and implementation of the adapted ANA Trust Fund will be subject to annual audit.
_ An ANA Trust Fund Board will be constituted to monitor the ANA Trust Fund and to review its cost effectiveness, financial “integrity and accountability.” The Board is composed of national representatives of donor nations and the Trust Fund manager. The Board had its inaugural meeting on 1 September 2014.
The ANA Trust Fund is but one of the funding streams supporting the long-term sustainment of the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces, alongside United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Law and Order Trust Fund for Afghanistan (LOTFA) and the U.S. bilateral Afghanistan Security Forces Fund. Lead responsibility for sustaining the Afghan National Security Forces remains, however, with the Afghan government. They have agreed to provide at least 500 million Euros per year at the start, with that contribution increasing steadily over time.
The ANA Trust Fund is open for contributions by the broader International Community. As of February 2015, the total amount of contributions made to the ANA Trust Fund exceeds 1 billion of U.S. taxpayers’ dollars.
Czech Republic 678,000
South Korea 150,000,000
the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia1 1,000
United Arab Emirates 10,000,000
United Kingdom 10,188,000
(1 Turkey recognizes the republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name.)
Afghan National Army (ANA) Trust Fund
Status of Contributions Made
(All amounts in US dollars – rounded figures)
Some Allies and Partners have made additional pledges. Once these are actually released to the Fund, they will be reflected above.