Neurotransmitter Linked to Spirituality and Higher Consciousness

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A team of Swedish researchers found that the presence of a receptor that regulates general serotonin activity in the brain correlates with people’s capacity for transcendence, the ability to apprehend phenomena that cannot be explained objectively. Scientists have for long suspected that serotonin influences spirituality. They found that drugs known to alter serotonin such as LSD also induce mystical experiences. If this neurotransmitter is released in huge quantities into the body, the individual will reach a higher state of consciousness. An immense feeling of joy and happiness takes over (4).

Have you ever come across the term LSD? Well, I’m sure you have. LSD or lysergic acid diethylamide is a powerful drug that can make or mar. While it can churn out millions for the peddler it can ruin the one who ingests it. So notorious is this one that the mere possession of it can see you to the gallows. Now what offence can LSD commit? Why are the ones introduced to it ready to throw away every penny they have just to buy it? Let’s find out.

In 1938 Albert Hofmann Swiss Scientist, synthesized Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) while researching lysergic acid derivatives, from the ergot fungus that grows on rye. While re-synthesizing LSD he accidentally absorbed a small quantity of the same through his fingertips. He experienced something unfamiliar, something strong. It was the strong effects of LSD (1).

Image result for Dr. Fahad Basheer and LSD

Later on in the 1940s, LSD made its entry in the health market under the name Delysid. It was marketed to psychiatrists as a tool for understanding psychosis and for facilitating psychotherapy.

A patient administered Delysid could capture repressed memories. The psychiatrist could get an insight into the patient’s mind via a primary process induced by the hallucinogen. The drug found widespread acceptance. Timothy Leary, a lecturer in Psychology at Harvard University in the 1950s, was a great advocate of LSD. But in 1965 it was banned in the US. Timothy Leary was tried for unlawful possession of marijuana cigarettes and put behind bars. He was sentenced to 30 years (1).

What actually happens when you ingest LSD?

phenomena

Dr. Fahad Basheer

When ingested LSD acts on specific receptors in the body and binds with them. A feeling akin to pleasure and ecstasy sweeps through the being. But what has LSD got to do with serotonin? Well, the specific receptors are none other than serotonin receptors themselves. 5HT type 2 receptors are the receptors where the entire serotonin binds. These receptors are there within all and the correct peptide that ought to bind there is serotonin itself. The power of serotonin peptide is so great that LSD is no match for it. But to experience it one needs to reach a point called unconditional love. Serotonin unlike other peptides has the power to hold sway over the human mind and body. Made up of tryptophan amino acid, serotonin peptide is a potent mood booster.

It is a powerful antidepressant and anti- anxiety peptide. At the physical level it has amazing anti-aging properties. It eliminates the free radicals that accelerate the aging process. A low-level of the peptide can result in eating disorders and obesity (2,3).

Serotonin (5-HT) or 5-hydroxytryptamine is a monoamine neurotransmitter that was initially believed to be produced in just one location in the body i.e. the brain. However as research on the topic advanced, it was found that 95% of the total serotonin in the human body is produced in the gut, in the enterochromaffin cells. The rest of the serotonin is synthesized in the serotonergic neurons of the central nervous system. The brain cannot depend upon serotonin supply from outside sources i.e. the gut because it i.e. serotonin, is incapable of crossing the blood-brain barrier that protects the brain from external invasions. Hence, the brain has to source its requirement of the neurotransmitter from within (3).

Serotonin contributes to the feeling of well-being and hence, is often referred to as the ‘happiness hormone.’ The gut bacteria aid in the production of this neurotransmitter. It imparts a sense of love within the gut in an individual and is also actively involved in preventing depression and regulating sleep, appetite and body temperature. However its influence is not limited to the gut alone (3).

Studies have revealed that serotonin is a potent accelerator critical to maturation of the brain. It has a powerful influence on the brain neurons responsible for mood, sexual desire and functioning, appetite, memory, learning and social behavior. Deficiency of the peptide can lead to autism and Down syndrome (3)

When serotonin is produced in a balanced  amount an immense spiritual feeling takes over. Serotonin is the hormone and the neurotransmitter that makes one feel the spiritual bliss and wellbeing.

Studies have revealed that serotonin is a potent accelerator critical to maturation of the brain. It has a powerful influence on the brain neurons responsible for mood, sexual desire and functioning, appetite, memory, learning and social behavior. Deficiency of the peptide can lead to autism and Down syndrome (3)

When serotonin is produced in a balanced  amount an immense spiritual feeling takes over. Serotonin is the hormone and the neurotransmitter that makes one feel the spiritual bliss and wellbeing.

 

 

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 LSD Brain Scan Reveals Stunning Info

LSD has been found to connect regions of the brain that were previously segregated to one another according to a new brain scan study. Test subjects were injected with LSD which unleashed a wave of changes altering activity and connectivity across the brain. At the same time regions of the brain that usually form a network became separated creating “ego dissolution”, a loss of personal identity. Using three different brain imaging techniques, named arterial spin labelling, resting state MRI and magnetoencephalography, the scientists measured blood flow, functional connections within and between brain networks, and brain waves in the volunteers on and off the drug. They concluded that LSD created a far more unified brain which strengthened connections between vision, attention, movement and hearing. Watch as Jo Ankier and Margaret J. Howell examine the brain scans and LSD study on the Lip News.

 

 

 

References:

(1) Acid Dreams: The Complete Social History of LSD: The CIA, the Sixties, and Beyond- Martin A lee
(2) LSD: Doorway to the Numinous: The Groundbreaking Psychedelic Research into Realms of the Human Unconscious – Stanislav Grof MD
(3) 5-HTP: Nature’s Serotonin Solution – Ray Sahelian
(4) The Science of Emotions – Dr Fahad Basheer

 

Related:

Serotonin

NeurotransmitterNeurotransmitterv

Albert Hofmann, Inventor of LSD, Embarks on Final Trip

LSD, My Problem Child · How LSD Originated – The Psychedelic

History of lysergic acid diethylamide

Scholarly articles for lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)

Dr. Fahad Basheer – Collective Evolution

The most powerful drugs ever created

Neurobiology of Spirituality – NCBI – National Institutes of Health

Psychobiotics: Bacteria For Your Brain?

Nature’s Bounty: The Psychobiotic Revolution | Psychology TodayNature’s

The Science of Emotions

THIS NEUROTRANSMITTER IS THE KEY TO… – Dr. Fahad

repressed memories and recovered memory therapy (rmt)

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2…

12 Signs That You Are Experiencing a Spiritual Awakening

Studies Find Physical Pain Correlates With Spiritual And Emotional PainStudies Find Physical Pain Correlates With Spiritual And Emotional Pain

 

DIVINE PRESENCE: Neuroscientist Describes To UN Documented Cases Of Humans “Flying” Outside Of Their Body

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flying

Scientific knowledge is expanding every day at an exponential rate, and the implications of new developments, particularly those that challenge the current framework regarding the true nature of reality, are far-reaching indeed. One area that continues to become a focal point of study for many physicians and neuroscientists is the relationship between mind, brain, and consciousness.

Is the brain a receiver of consciousness, or is consciousness a product of the brain? Although science has not yet shown with absolute certainty that consciousness exists separately from our physical organs, there is a lot of evidence (both anecdotal and scientific) which indicates that consciousness is something completely separate – that it continues on even after we have deceased, that it is and can be a separate “thing” from the brain. There seems to be a lot of consistency when it comes to studies that have examined this issue. New findings within this field are rapidly changing how we perceive and relate to the physical world.

Below is a video of Dr. Bruce Greyson speaking at a conference that was held by the United Nations. He is considered to be one of the “fathers” of near death studies. He is Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Science at the University of Virginia.article-1282598-0067F62600000258-839_468x315

In the video he describes documented cases of individuals who were clinically dead (showing no brain activity), but observing everything that was happening to them on the medical table below at the same time. He describes how there have been many instances of this – where individuals are able to describe things that should have been impossible to describe.

Another significant statement by Dr Greyson posits that this type of study has been discouraged due to our tendency to view science as completely materialistic. Seeing is believing, so to speak, in the scientific community. It’s unfortunate that just because we cannot explain something through materialistic means, it must be instantly discredited. The simple fact that “consciousness” itself is a non-physical “thing” is troubling for some scientists to comprehend, and as a result of it being non material, they believe it cannot be studied by science.

More Research

Some materialistically inclined scientists and philosophers refuse to acknowledge these phenomena because they are not consistent with their exclusive conception of the world. Rejection of post-materialist investigation of nature or refusal to publish strong science findings supporting a post-materialist framework are antithetical to the true spirit of scientific inquiry, which is that empirical data must always be adequately dealt with. Data which do not fit favored theories and beliefs cannot be dismissed as priori. Such dismissal is the realm of ideology, not science.”  – Dr. Gary Schwartz, professor of psychology, medicine, neurology, psychiatry and surgery at the University of Arizona (1)

In 2001, international medical journal, The Lancet, published a 13 year study on Near Death Experiences (NDEs). (2)(3)

“Our results show that medical factors cannot account for the occurrence of NDE. All patients had a cardiac arrest, and were clinically dead with unconsciousness resulting from insufficient blood supply to the brain. In those circumstances, the EEG (a measure of brain electrical activity) becomes flat, and if CPR is not started within 5-10 minutes, irreparable damage is done to the brain and the patient will die”article-2074247-02527AF40000044D-22_468x286

A total of 344 patients were monitored by the team of researchers, and an astounding 18 percent of them had some sort of memory from when they were dead, or unconscious (no brain activity), and 12 percent (1 out of every 8) had a very strong and “deep” experience. Keep in mind that these experiences have occurred when there is no electrical activity in the brain following cardiac arrest.

Another study comes out of the University of Southampton, where scientists found evidence that awareness can continue for at least several minutes after death. In the scientific world this was thought to be impossible. The study is the world’s largest near death experiences study ever published, and it was published in the journal Resuscitation. (4)

“In 2008, a large-scale study involving 2060 patients from 15 hospitals in the United Kingdom, United States and Austria was launched. The AWARE (AWAreness during REsuscitation) study, sponsored by the University of Southampton in the UK, examined the broad range of mental experiences in relation to death. Researchers also tested the validity of conscious experiences using objective markers for the first time in a large study to determine whether claims of awareness compatible with out-of-body experiences correspond with real or hallucinatory events. ” (source)

This type of phenomenon has not only been recorded looking at Near Death Experience’s, but also with studies in the realm of parapsychology. One study in particular that related most to this topic, spanning more than two decades, was conducted by researchers at Stanford University in conjunction with the United States Department of Defense. It was called the “remote viewing program.”

A gentlemen by the name of Ingo Swann was able to successfully describe and view a ring around Jupiter, a ring that scientists had no idea existed. This took place precisely before the first ever flyby of Jupiter by NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft, which confirmed that the ring did actually exist. These results were published in advance of the rings’ open_third_eye_psychic_ability_haunted_powers_black_magic_spell_cast__1b057e75discovery. The successful viewing of the ring by Ingo came after scientists observed him identify physical objects in hidden envelopes that were placed a few hundred kilometers away.(5)(6)(7)

You can read more about this remote viewing study here.

This type of thing lies within the realm of extended human capacities, and is one example out of many that have been documented and observed, yet lack a scientific (materialistic) framwork that provides some sort of theory.

“I shall not commit the fashionable stupidity of regarding everything I cannot explain as a fraud. ” – Dr. Carl Jung

Again, I’d like to stress that the information in this article is not even a fraction of the total amount of research that’s available out there. There is study after study, book after book, and lecture upon lecture. This is simply a very brief and condensed summary of a topic that has been examined for years.

If this type of thing sparks your interest, I hope I’ve provided you with enough information to further your research. I’m going to leave you with this video, an insider’s perspective regarding NDEs.

 

 

 

 

 

Resources:

(1) http://www.opensciences.org/files/pdfs/Manifesto-for-a-Post-Materialist-Science.pdf

(2) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673601071008

(3) http://www.mikepettigrew.com/afterlife/html/dutch_study.html

(4) http://www.resuscitationjournal.com/article/S0300-9572%2814%2900739-4/fulltext

(5) http://www.scientificexploration.org/journal/jse_10_1_puthoff.pdf

Conventional Wisdom Institute

Other:

Dark Photons from the Center of the Earth: Smoking-Gun Signals of Dark Matter

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uciphysicist– Photo: “If confirmed by further experiments, this discovery of a possible fifth force would completely change our understanding of the universe,” says UCI professor of physics & astronomy Jonathan Feng, including what holds together galaxies such …more

Physicists confirm possible discovery of fifth force of nature

A Fifth force fundamental force, perhaps discovered as part of the search for dark matter, has been reported in a new paper published in Physical Review Letters. The results still need further analysis, but they represent a step forward for an idea that has caused several months of controversy in open-source journals, and which is potentially momentous enough that it’s making physicists’ imaginations run wild. Interactions across the universe are supposed to be governed by gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak nuclear forces; so what’s this about a fifth force?

In 2015, a group of Hungarian physicists went looking for something called the “dark photon,” which is a theorized carrier of the electromagnetic force for dark matter — we know dark matter doesn’t emit regular photons, but maybe it emits its own version. The team started looking in certain radioactive decay products by firing protons at thin targets of lithium-7, which created unstable beryllium-8 nuclei that quickly decayed. These decay products should produce electrons-positron pairs, and the Standard Model says that (for some reason) we should see fewer of these pairs as the electron and positron in each pair are emitted at a wider angle.

Like many scientific breakthroughs, this one opens entirely new fields of inquiry.

dark force 2

Radioactive decay of beryllium.

This Hungarian team found that there was an unusually large number of pairs with angles around 140º, creating a bump in their graph of pair-frequency versus emission angle. They quickly ruled out the possibility that this was being caused by decay of any known particle, and it clearly wasn’t a dark photon. So that left two possibilities: It was a mistake, or some totally new sort of particle. The team believes the bump corresponds to a previously unknown particle that’s being emitted from the unstable beryllium atoms and quickly decaying into an electron-positron pair with the observed angle of incidence. They found that this new particle should be about 30 times heavier than an electron, or about 17 MeV (megaelectron).

The original paper received little attention until a review by physicists from the University of California, Irvine. These scientists looked at the data and came to the conclusion that it didn’t contradict any known theory — meaning that while it is unknown, there’s also no reason to believe this new particle couldn’t exist. They claim that the particle is a boson, that it is not a mass-carrying particle, and that it doesn’t carry any of the four known forces. In principle, this implies that the particle is thus a force carrier for a force beyond the four currently known to exist.

dark force 4

A potentially historic bump!

If it exists, this new force is odd. It interacts only over extremely short distances, a few atomic nuclei at most, and affects only electrons and neutrons. It’s being classified as a “protophobic X boson” where “protophobic” refers to the lack of interaction with protons, and the X literally means “unknown.” Most importantly, its energy level is low enough that we won’t have to wait for the Large Hadron Collider to fit it into its busy schedule; the energy levels required to study this new force should be able to be created in a wide variety of labs around the world. According to the researchers, it was probably possible to study this as early as the 50’s or 60’s — scientists just didn’t know where to look.

The main reason they didn’t stumble upon this particle sooner (assuming it does in fact exist) is that its mass is so low, and its interactions so short-range, that they’re easy to miss. Now that the band of interest has been laid out, we can expect an oncoming glut of research into this mysterious new member of the force family — assuming, once again, that it is confirmed by later experiments.

dark force 3

Electron-positron “pair production” starts the two off moving in different angles.

What might this mysterious new particle mean? Beyond blowing up the Standard Model, there’s hope that the newly discovered force might act as a bridge between the light and “dark” worlds. There’s no real indication of that, and it’s mostly wishful thinking. But the protophobic nature of the particle could be a key to the different interactions it would need to have with normal matter and dark matter, respectively. Such a dark force would be useful in revealing the nature of WIMPs, the theorized mass-carrying particle that makes up dark matter. And it’s distinct from the dark photon, which would be the hypothetical electromagnetic force carrier for dark matter. Physicists may still discover the dark photon someday, too, further advancing understanding of the material that makes up the majority of the mass in the universe.

Earlier this year, scientists proved the existence of gravitational waves, which proves the possibility of direct measurement of gravity — long thought to be the only force that allows the “dark sector” to affect our world of regular matter and energy. Now, we have the potential discovery of a second force bridging the gap to the dark sector, and this one can be studied without an international funding drive. It makes your wonder just how many other fundamental qualities of the universe might be hiding in plain sight, unknown not because we haven’t built a smasher large enough, but because we simply haven’t been lucky enough to stumble upon it. By definition, we would have to find such hail Mary particles as part of unrelated studies — but, also by definition, they will offer insight into previously unknown areas of physics.

Perhaps most pressing though: what will this new particle, and force, be called? The Higgs Boson was named long before it was proven, but this particle came out of nowhere. Will it get named after its discoverers, or will it get some exotic named like dark forces defined as the carrier of the “dark force”

 

 

 

Related:

Fifth force

Explore further: Maybe it wasn’t the Higgs particle after all

subatomic particle

More information: Particle Physics Models for the 17 MeV Anomaly in Beryllium Nuclear Decays, arxiv.org/abs/1608.03591

Journal reference: Physical Review Letters

Comments: 25 pages, 10 figures. v2: minor revisions to match published version; updated CMB, supernova, direct detection bounds; main results unchanged
Subjects: High Energy Physics – Phenomenology (hep-ph); Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (astro-ph.CO); High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (astro-ph.HE); High Energy Physics – Experiment (hep-ex)
Journal reference: Phys. Rev. D 93, 015014 (2016)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.015014
Report number: UCI-TR-2015-07
Cite as: arXiv:1509.07525 [hep-ph]
(or arXiv:1509.07525v2 [hep-ph] for this version)

Provided by: University of California, Irvine

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-physicists-discovery-nature.html#jCp

Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2016-08-physicists-discovery-nature.html#jCp

Thankfully, we don’t need a monster like the LHC to study this new force.

Elusive ‘Dark Photons’ Still Lurking in the Shadows – Live Science

Dark Matter and Dark Radiation

http://phys.org/news/2014-11-wasnt-higgs-particle.html#nRlv


X and Y bosons

Fundamental forces

Jonathan L. Feng, Jordan Smolinsky, Philip Tanedo

Dark Sectors and New, Light, Weakly-Coupled Particles

Electromagnetic force carrier for dark matter.[1]

Watthours to Megaelectronvolts Conversion Table – ExtraConversion

Dark Photons from the Center of the Earth: Smoking-Gun Signals

Dark Photons | Sean Carroll – Preposterous Universe

The so-called fifth force of nature is starting to look more and more real …

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What the NUKEMAP taught me about fallout

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command-control-eric-schlosser-hardcover-cover-artOne of the most technically difficult aspects of the new NUKEMAP was the fallout generation code. I know that in practice it looks like just a bunch of not-too-complicated ellipses, but finding a fallout code that would provide what I considered to be necessary flexibility proved to be a very long search indeed. I had started working on it sometime in 2012, got frustrated, returned to it periodically, got frustrated again, and finally found the model I eventually used — Carl Miller’s Simplified Fallout Scaling System — only a few months ago.

Fallout-model-original-5mt-blastThe sorts of contours the Miller scaling model produces.

The fallout model used is what is known as a “scaling” model. This is in contrast with what Miller terms a “mathematical” model, which is a much more complicated beast. A scaling model lets you input only a few simple parameters (e.g. warhead yield, fission fraction, and wind speed) and the output are the kinds of idealized contours seen in the NUKEMAP. This model, obviously, doesn’t quite look like the complexities of real life, but as a rough indication of the type of radioactive contamination expected, and over what kind of area, it has its uses. The mathematical model is the sort that requires much more complicated wind parameters (such as the various wind speeds and sheers at different altitudes) and tries to do something that looks more “realistic.”

The mathematical models are harder to get a hold of (the government has a few of them, but they don’t release them to non-government types like me) and require more computational power (so instead of running in less than a second, they require several minutes even on a modern machine). If I had one, I would probably try to implement it, but I don’t totally regret using the scaling model. In terms of communicating both the general technical point about fallout, and in the fact that this is an idealized model, it does very well. I would prefer people to look at a model and have no illusions that it is, indeed, just a model, as opposed to some kind of simulation whose slickness might engender false confidence.

Fallout_Map_3-23-1963-Saturday-Evening-Post-1024x708Fallout from a total nuclear exchange, in watercolors. From the Saturday Evening Post, March 23, 1963. Click to zoom.

Working on the fallout model, though, made me realize how little I really understood about nuclear fallout. I mean, my general understanding was still right, but I had a few subtle-but-important revelations that changed the way I thought about nuclear exchanges in general.

The most important one is that fallout is primary a product of surface bursts. That is, the chief determinant as to whether there is local fallout or not is whether the nuclear fireball touches the ground. Airbursts where the fireball doesn’t touch the ground don’t really produce fallout worth talking about — even if they are very large.

I read this in numerous fallout models and effects books and thought, can this be right? What’s the ground got to do with it? A whole lot, apparently. The nuclear fireball is full of highly-radioactive fission products. For air bursts, the cloud goes pretty much straight up and those particles are light enough and hot enough that they pretty much just hang out at the top of the cloud. By the time they start to cool and drag enough to “fall out” of the cloud, they have diffused themselves in the atmosphere and also decayed quite a bit.1 So they are basically not an issue for people on the ground — you end up with exposures in the tenths or hundreds of rads, which isn’t exactly nothing but is pretty low. This is more or less what they found at Hiroshima and Nagasaki — there were a few places where fallout had deposited, but it was extremely limited and very low radiation, as you’d expect with those two airbursts.

I thought this might be simplifying things a bit, so I looked up the fallout patterns for airbursts. And you know what? It seems to be correct. The radiation pattern you get from a “nominal” fission airburst looks more or less like this:

Bugster-Jangle-Easy-falloutThe on-side dose rate contours for the Buster-Jangle “Easy” shot (31 kilotons), in rads per hour. Notice that barely any radiation goes further than 1,100 yards from ground zero, and that even that is very low level (2 rads/hr). Source.

That’s not zero radiation, but as you can see it is very, very local, and relatively limited. The radiation deposited is about the same range as the acute effects of the bomb itself, as opposed to something that affects people miles downwind.2

What about very large nuclear weapons? The only obvious US test that fit the bill here was Redwing Cherokee, from 1956. This was the first thermonuclear airdrop by the USA, and it had a total yield of 3.8 megatons — nothing to sniff at, and a fairly high percentage of it (at least 50%) from fission. But, sure enough, appears to have been basically no fallout pattern as a result. A survey meter some 100 miles from ground-zero picked up a two-hour peak of .25 millirems per hour some 10 hours later — which is really nothing to worry about. The final report on the test series concluded that Cherokee produced “no fallout of military significance” (all the more impressive given how “dirty” many of the other tests in that series were). Again, not truly zero radiation, but pretty close to it, and all the more impressive given the megatonnage involved.3 Redwing_Cherokee_005Operation Redwing: quite a big boom, but almost no fallout.

The case of the surface burst is really quite different. When the fireball touches the ground, it ends up mixing the fission products with dirt and debris. (Or, in the case of testing in the Marshall Islands, coral.) The dirt and debris breaks into fine chunks, but it is heavy. These heavier particles fall out of the cloud very quickly, starting at about an hour after detonation and then continuing for the next 96 hours or so. And as they fall out, they are both attached to the nasty fission products and have other induced radioactivity as well. This is the fallout we’re used to from the big H-bomb tests in the Pacific (multi-megaton surface bursts on coral atolls was the worst possible combination possible for fallout) and even the smaller surface bursts in Nevada.

The other thing the new model helped me appreciate more is exactly how much the fission fraction matters. The fission fraction is the amount of the total yield that is derived from fission, as opposed to fusion. Fission is the only reaction that produces  highly-radioactive byproducts. Fusion reactions produce neutrons, which are a definite short-term threat, but not so much a long-term concern. Obviously all “atomic” or fission bombs have a fission fraction of 100%, but for thermonuclear weapons it can vary quite a bit. I’ve talked about this in a recent post, so I won’t go into detail here, but just emphasize that it was unintuitive to me that the 50 Mt Tsar Bomba, had it been a surface burst, would have had much less fallout than the 15 Mt Castle Bravo shot, because the latter had some 67% of its energy derived from fission while the former had only 3%. Playing with the NUKEMAP makes this fairly clear:

Fallout comparisonsCastle Bravo and Tsar Bomba: The darkest orange here corresponds to 1,000 rads/hr (a deadly dose); the slightly darker orange is 100 rads/hr (an unsafe dose); the next lighter orange is 10 rads/hr (ill-advised), the lightest yellow is 1 rad/hr (not such a big deal). So the 50 Mt Tsar Bomba is entirely within the “unsafe” range, as compared to the large “deadly” areas of the other two. Background location chosen only for scale!

The real relevance of all of this for understanding nuclear war is fairly important.

Weapons that are designed to flatten cities, perhaps surprisingly, don’t really pose as much of a long-term fallout hazard. The reason for this is that the ideal burst height for such a weapon is usually set to maximize the 10 psi (pounds per square inch) pressure radius, and that is always fairly high above the ground. (The maximum radius for a pressure wave is somewhat unintuitive because it relies on how the wave will be reflected on the ground. So it doesn’t produce a straightforward curve.) Bad for the people in the cities themselves, to be sure, but not such a problem for those downwind.

But weapons that are designed to destroy command bunkers, or missiles in silos, are the worst for the surrounding civilian populations. This is because such weapons are designed to penetrate the ground, and the fireballs necessarily come into contact with the dirt and debris. As a result, they kick up the worst sort of fallout that can stretch many hundreds of miles downwind.

So it’s sort of a damned-if-you-do, damned-if-you-don’t sort of situation when it comes to nuclear targeting. If you try to do the humane thing by only targeting counter-force targets, you end up producing the worst sort of long-range, long-term radioactive hazard. The only way to avoid that is to target cities — which isn’t exactly humane either. (And, of course, the idealized terrorist nuclear weapon manages to combine the worst aspects of both: targeting civilians and kicking up a lot of fallout, for lack of a better delivery vehicle.)

A rather wonderful 1970s fallout exposure diagram. Source.            A rather wonderful 1970s fallout exposure diagram. Source.

And it is worth noting: fallout mitigation is one of those areas were Civil Defense is worth paying attention to. You can’t avoid all contamination by staying in a fallout shelter for a few days, but you can avoid the worst, most acute aspects of it. This is what the Department of Homeland Security has been trying to convince people of, regarding a possible terrorist nuclear weapon. They estimate that hundreds of thousands of lives could be saved in such an event, if people understood fallout better and acted upon it. But the level of actual compliance with such recommendations (stay put, don’t flee immediately) seems like it would be rather low to me.

In some sense, this made me feel even worse about fallout than I had before. Prior to playing around with the details, I’d assumed that fallout was just a regular result of such weapons. But now I see it more as underscoring the damnable irony of the bomb: that all of the choices it offers up to you are bad ones.

 

Notes:
  1. Blasts low enough to form a stem do suck up some dirt into the cloud, but it happens later in the detonation when the fission products have cooled and condensed a bit, and so doesn’t matter as much. [↩]
  2. Underwater surface bursts, like Crossroads Baker, have their own characteristics, because the water seems to cause the fallout to come down almost immediately. So the distances are not too different from the airburst pattern here — that is, very local — but the contours are much, much more radioactive. [↩]
  3. Why didn’t they test more of these big bombs as airdrops, then? Because their priority was on the experimentation and instrumentation, not the fallout. Airbursts were more logistically tricky, in other words, and were harder to get data from. Chew on that one a bit… [↩]

 

Related:

fallout and radiological countermeasures, volume 1 – OAI

Command and Control

National Security Archive

Nukemap

NukeMap 3D

Restricted Data

U.S. Nuclear Weapons Capability – 2015 Index of U.S. Military Strength

Source. – Defense Technical Information Center

The Most Dangerous Nuclear Weapon in America’s Arsenal

NUKEMAP: The man behind the Google Maps mash-up which shows …

Nukemap allows you to drop famous bombs all over Google Maps

Declassified US Nuclear Targets – FLI – Future of Life Institute

Weapon Effects Module Exercises | Exercises | Educational

New document

Hugh Gusterson

An Amazingly Realistic Look at a Nuclear Blast | TIME.com

Nuclear Perspective: What’s the Fallout in Your … – US – Time

IAFF_6106_Tannenbaum_Benn_bht.pdf – Blackboard – George …

A nuclear bomb has just been detonated. I escape the blast, but the …

Nukemap 3D, Online nuclear bomb simulator that lets users nuke their …

11/92 Interview With Dr. Ernest Sternglass, author of “Secret Fallout”

First Atomic Bomb Test Exposed U.S. Civilians to Radiation

Radiation – Fallout

Subject File Collection, Swarthmore College Peace Collection

To be nuclear or not

U.N. and its detractors – Apr 1962

November 6, 1961 – Linus Pauling Day-by-Day – Special Collections

The Blast Radius: What Does it Mean For Your Neighborhood …

Boxes 7.001 – 7.010 – 7. – 12. Peace, 1945-1994 – Ava Helen

Nuclear Blast | Ready.gov

Full text of “Monthly catalog of United States Government publications”

Civil Defense Fallout Shelter Sign (ca. 1960s)

Resources:
George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger and Sam Nunn, “A World Free of
Nuclear Weapons,”
The Wall Street Journal
, January 4, 2007, page A15; available at:
http://
Former Senator Sam Nunn, “The Mountaintop: A World Free of Nuclear Weapons” Remarks
at the Council on Foreign Relations, June 14, 2007; available at:
speech_samnunn_cfr07.pdf
“Toward a Nuclear-Free World,” by George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger
and Sam Nunn,
The Wall Street Journal
, January 15, 2008; available at:
http://
Remarks by President Barack Obama, Prague, Czech Republic, April 5, 2009; available at:
Prague-As-Delivered/
Watch Last Week Tonight with John Oliver:
Nuclear Weapons (HBO)
Watch
Exploration
Friends Committee on National Legislation Nuclear Calendar:
NuclearCalendar/
Nuclear Matters: A Practical Guide
:
Nuclear_Matters_A_Practical_Guide_DoD.pdf
Project on Nuclear Issues:
Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues:
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
:

 

Hillary Clinton, judgment — and the gray areas

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hillary-clinton-foundation-emails-trust-edi-001– Photo:Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton delivers a speech on the U.S economy at Futuramic Tool & Engineering August 11, 2016, in Warren, Mich.

FBI officials asked Justice Department to investigate Clinton Foundation’s relationship with State Department, but agency declined.

The FBI reportedly asked the Justice Department earlier this year about possibly having its public integrity unit investigate the Clinton Foundation, but the agency declined to do so, according to a report.

The investigation was not opened because the Department of Justice said it had looked into allegations surrounding the Clinton Foundation a year earlier and established at that time that there wasn’t enough of a case to open a formal probe, CNN reported.

The latest reports come amid continued scrutiny over whether the Democratic nominee’s family foundation interfered with Clinton’s ability to serve as the nation’s chief diplomat, specifically the relationships between foreign donors to the foundation and the State Department.

The questions emerged once again this week after a fresh batch of Clinton’s emails not previously made public was released by Judicial Watch, a conservative watchdog group, including some that appeared to signal a possible link between the State Department and the Clinton Foundation.

One heavily redacted email appeared to show Clinton Foundation official Doug Band discussing with Clinton aides a job for someone else in the State Department.

“Important to take care of (redacted),” Band reportedly emailed Cheryl Mills and Huma Abedin.

Another 2009 email reportedly showed Band asking Mills and Abedin to put Lebanese-Nigerian Clinton Foundation donor Gilbert R. Chagoury in touch with certain State Department officials.

“We need Gilbert Chagoury to speak to the substance person re Lebanon,” Band wrote. “As you know, he’s a key guy there and to us and is loved in Lebanon. Very imp.”

Such exchanges repeatedly raised eyebrows at the FBI, which wanted to look further into the issue, CNN reported.

As the agency was deep into its investigation of Clinton’s use of a private email server for official correspondence, multiple FBI field officials contacted the Justice Department about potentially pursuing a case regarding the relationship between the State Department and the foundation.

To establish a criminal conflict of interest, authorities would have to prove that a government employee received something of value, like a job, or money, in exchange for the favor.

In a statement provided to CNN, the Clinton campaign said that “neither” of the emails in question “involve the secretary or relate to the Foundation’s work.”

“They’re communications between her aides and (former President Bill Clinton’s) personal aide, and indeed the recommendation was for one of the Secretary’s former staffers who was not employed by the Foundation,” campaign spokesman Josh Schwerin told the network.

At a Washington hearing last month that occurred as the FBI closed its investigation into the email server without recommending charges, agency director James Comey declined to say whether the Clinton Foundation was under investigation.

“I’m not going to comment on the existence or non-existence of any investigation,” he said.

***

“Am I not speaking English?”

Am I not speaking English?’ replied a State Department spokeswoman, reaching a point of exasperation repelling reporters’ hounding over a new batch of Hillary Clinton’s emails that exposed cozy relationships between the former secretary’s team and wealthy donors of her husband’s foundation.

 

 

 

 

 

Related:

Judge confirms ‘criminal investigation’ into Hillary Clinton emails

What we know about the FBI’s investigation into Hillary Clinton’s emails

2009 Emails Reveal Intersection of Clinton Family Interests

Judicial Watch Uncovers New Batch of Hillary Clinton Emails

Newly released Clinton emails shed light on relationship between State Dept. and Clinton Foundation

The Clinton Foundation

Hillary Clinton to release 2015 tax returns this week

FBI probed Clinton’s email server to see if it was ‘compromised’

Related articles:

  1. DNC Leaks: Anti-Sanders bias, pro-Clinton collusion revealed in WikiLeaks dump of 20,000 emails
  2. Clinton hid 1000s of emails, put classified data on her server… but shouldn’t be charged – FBI
  3. The one with a ‘pretty cool idea’: Clinton leaked emails revealed Google – Al-Jazeera cooperation
  4. Revealed Clinton e-mails: State Dept-Google-Al Jazeera plot aimed at helping to overthrow Assad
  5. Hillary Clinton Exposed Again With New Emails

 Secret Service swarms stage at Clinton rally

Campaign 2016: 44 emails by Clinton aides show State-foundation links

Hillary Clinton, judgment

Hillary Clinton‘s Emails Continue to Threaten Campaign

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other:

It’s not men who limit women, it’s not straights who limit gays, it’s not whites who limit blacks. What limits people is lack of character. What limits people is that they don’t have the fucking nerve or imagination to star in their own movie, let alone direct it.
Tom Robbins

 

Donald Trump: It’s just been a joke!

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Trump2OK, I think you will finally get it now.

As you probably know, Donald Trump spent the previous few days driving home the argument that President Obama and Hillary Clinton are the literal co-founders of ISIS, a group that has its origins in the “al Qaeda in Iraq” movement that grew out of our 2003 invasion.

And when Trump was offered several chances in the last few days to back away from the charge, he emphatically declined.

“He was the founder of ISIS, absolutely,” Trump said on CNBC. “Is there something wrong with saying that? Why? Are people complaining that I said he was the founder of ISIS?”

“I know what you meant,” talk radio host Hugh Hewitt told Trump in an interview, trying to open the door back to sanity so that his guest could walk through it. “You meant that he created the vacuum, he lost the peace.”

“No,” Trump said firmly. “I meant he’s the founder of ISIS. I do.”

And then there’s this:

Trump(For the cognoscenti of Trump twitters, it was posted via Android, which means it came from Trump’s personal device, not from his staff.)

I think we have now been given the Rosetta Stone of the Trump campaign, the secret code by which it can now be understood. The entire campaign, you see, is an exercise in sarcasm, a joke. The talk about the wall is sarcasm, because really, who could believe such nonsense in the first place? And Mexico would build it? Come on. You took that seriously?

Likewise, the anti-immigrant shtick, the flirtatious eye-batting with Putin, his toying with Republican leaders until they surrendered every last shred of personal dignity, his “I, alone” braggadocio, his refusal to build a ground game or undertake any of the minimal steps needed to build a viable campaign.

Once you understand that it has been a bizarre piece of performance art all along, doesn’t it suddenly make a lot more sense, every little bit of it?

And while so many have been the suckers in this joke, those who have supported Trump and have taken him seriously through all this, those who embraced him as their messiah figure who would restore this country to its proper owners — sorry, folks, but you are the biggest suckers of us all. You saw this as a serious campaign for the presidency, with the fate of the country on the line; Trump saw it as a chance to grab the spotlight and be worshiped as a folk hero by the gullible. Guess who was right?

Here’s the Hugh Hewitt interview:

When Hugh Hewitt suggested that the “founder of ISIS” stuff might be a mistake, Trump insisted otherwise. “No, it’s no mistake. Everyone’s liking it. I think they’re liking it.”

When Hewitt suggested that personally, he would have used different language, Trump again stuck to his guns.

“But they wouldn’t talk about your language, and they do talk about my language, right?”

It certainly explains his refusal to change his campaign style despite overwhelming evidence in the polls that what worked in the GOP primaries has been a disaster in the general election. He can’t be bothered to change because really, he just doesn’t care enough. If he takes half the Republican Party down to defeat with him, again, he really doesn’t give a damn because he has nothing invested in the party or those people anyway.

As he put it Thursday, “At the end it’s either going to work or I’m going to, you know, I’m going to have a very, very nice long vacation…. it’s OK. I go back to a very good way of life.”

TRUMPdemagogue1That is not the language of a man dedicated to fighting for a cause and for his people. That’s not how Bernie Sanders left the battlefield. Nor are those the words of someone who feels any sense of obligation to the millions who have invested their hearts, souls and checking accounts in his success. They are the words of a spoiled brat who has been treating this whole thing as a lark, and who treats his supporters as nothing more than sources for the adulation that he craves, and that he extracts from them so easily.

It’s just been a joke!

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related:

Trump’s foreign policy

As a skilled crowd reader, Trump knows he’s playing with fire

Memo to GOP: If this doesn’t cross your line, you have no line

Carville: Trump is ‘pretty stupid when it comes to politics’

Jay Bookman – MyAJC.com

CBS This Morning

Can Donald Trump recover from rough week? – Videos – CBS News

2016 Elections

Donald Trump: I meant that Obama founded ISIS, literally

Hugh Hewitt Show

Trump tries to walk back Obama-ISIS comments: ‘Sarcasm’

Donald Trump’s run for president is baffling — until you …

RNC considers cutting cash to Trump

Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) | Twitter

Donald Trump’s dangerous demagoguery – Al Jazeera

Demagogue

Donald Trump is a Stereotypical Demagogue | The Complex Event …

Facing Down Trump’s Demagoguery: Lessons From Weimar Germany

Trump’s False Obama-ISIS Link – FactCheck.org

Donald Trump Threatens the Ghostwriter of “The Art of the Deal”

Carville: Trump is ‘pretty stupid when it comes to politics’

Trump, Omarosa and National Enquirer know the art of the deal

Donald Trump is a Stereotypical Demagogue | The Complex Event .

Donald and Hobbes – Reddit

Just can’t win

 

Animal Empathy, Language and How Two Monkeys Were Paid Unequally

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Animal Empathy2Studies in the field of animal empathy have begun to show a side to non-human animals that has been widely ignored, their emotions and emotional capacities. This contradicts the outdated belief that empathy is a trait that only humans possess, with recent findings proving that elephants, several primates, dolphins, whales, wolves and even rodents possess the trait. Empathy is defined as the ability to both understand another’s emotions but also feeling those emotions. Yet many humans continue to ignore these findings and treat animals as if they were less evolved than us. This is a result of a lack of consensus within the scientific community as to how animal empathy should be measured and understood. Recent studies have begun to converge and agree on one thing; certain animals are empathic. This can be proven through behavioral studies, scientific studies and through the theory of evolution.

What happens when two monkeys are paid unequally?

Fairness, reciprocity, empathy, cooperation — caring about the well-being of others seems like a very human trait. But Frans de Waa shares some surprising videos of behavioral tests, on primates and other mammals, that show how many of these moral traits all of us share.

***

An Orangutan’s Mimicry Offers Clues to Language’s Origins

Orangutan hear, orangutan do.

Researchers at the Indianapolis Zoo observed an orangutan mimic the pitch and tone of human sounds, for the first time. The finding provides insight into the evolutionary origin of human speech, the team said.

“It really redefines for us what we know about the capabilities of orangutans,” said Rob Shumaker, director of the zoo and an author on the paper. “What we have to consider now is the possibility that the origins of spoken language are not exclusively human, and that they may have come from great apes.”

Meet Rocky, an 11-year-old orangutan at the zoo, has a special ability. He can make sounds using his vocal folds, or voice box, that resemble the vowel “A,” and sound like “Ah.”

29tb-rocky-blog427 The researchers note that the sounds are specific to Rocky and ones that he used everyday. No other orangutan, captive or wild, made these noises, at least not that we know of. Rocky, who had never lived in the rain forest, apparently learned the skill during his time as an entertainment orangutan before coming to the zoo. He was at one point the most seen orangutan in movies and commercials, according to the zoo.

The researchers said that Rocky’s grunts show that great apes have the capacity to learn to control their muscles to deliberately alter their sounds in a “conversational” manner. The findings, which were published in the journal Scientific Reports, challenge the notion that orangutans — an endangered species that shares about 97 percent of DNA with humans — make noises simply in response to something, sort of like how you might scream when you place your hand on a hot stove.

“Orangutans can clearly and carefully control their vocalizations, and they can do it in real-time interacting with another individual,” said Dr. Schumaker. “They can control the volume and the frequency and even the duration.”

To show the extent of Rocky’s vocal abilities, the researchers had Dr. Madeleine Hardus, an independent researcher who works with the zoo, hold a conversation with the orangutan entirely in “wookies.” She would say “Ah” at a certain tone and Rocky would mimic that sound for a treat.

“We presented him a random sequence of 500 either low or high ‘wookies’ produced by the human,” Adriano Lameira, a primatologist at Durham University in Britain, and lead author of the study said. The goal was to have Rocky repeat the sound in the same tone and frequency as the lady’s noise. They used 500 variants of “Ahs” to show that his responses were not random guesses.

The team recorded the tests and then used computer software to see how closely the frequency, pitch, tone and duration of Rocky’s “Ahs” matched Dr. Hardus’s “Ahs.”

“Every time she lowered her voice or raised her voice frequency, Rocky matched this up,” Dr. Lameira said. “And he nailed it. He was impressively good at it.”

He added that the finding presents an important step forward in understanding the evolution of human vocal behavior.

“It provides an evolutionary explanation for what we take to be uniquely human behavior, and shows that we’re not that unique in this capacity.”

***

Animal Empathy4

 

 

 

 

***

Related:

Capuchin monkey

Primatology

Envious capuchin monkeys react badly to raw deals | Not Exactly .

PLOS ONE: When Less Is More: Evolutionary Origins of the Affect ..

Detailed List of Findings in Wikileaks DNC Document Dump

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DNC Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz– Photo: DNC Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz

“The Hillary Leaks” – Wikileaks Releases 19,252 Previously Unseen DNC Emails

Leaked Emails Confirm DNC Officials Planned Anti Sanders & Anti Trump Protests.

There are three key findings to emerge from last weeks dump of leaked DNC emails released by Wikileaks:

  • There had been a plot designed to smear Bernie Sanders and to hand the Democratic nomination to Hillary on a silver platter
  • There has been repeated collusion between the DNC and the media
  • There has been questionable fundraising for both Hillary Clinton and the DNC

Democrats Rigged the Primary but no one seems to care

First, a quick recap for those who missed the original report, last week Wikileaks released over 19,000 emails and more than 8,000 attachments from the Democratic National Committee. This is what the whistleblower organization reported:

WikiLeaks releases 19,252 emails and 8,034 attachments from the top of the US Democratic National Committee — part one of our new Hillary Leaks series. The leaks come from the accounts of seven key figures in the DNC: Communications Director Luis Miranda (10770 emails), National Finance Director Jordon Kaplan (3797 emails), Finance Chief of Staff Scott Comer (3095 emails), Finanace Director of Data & Strategic Initiatives Daniel Parrish (1472 emails), Finance Director Allen Zachary (1611 emails), Senior Advisor Andrew Wright (938 emails) and Northern California Finance Director Robert (Erik) Stowe (751 emails). The emails cover the period from January last year until 25 May this year

Subsequently, the Romanian hacker known as Guccifer 2.0 (who has denied he works with the Russian government), who has already released hundreds of hacked DNC emails previously, told The Hill he leaked the documents to .

An initial read of the thousands of emails in the data dump reveals top officials at the Democratic National Committee privately plotting to undermine Bernie Sanders’s presidential campaign, confirming a long-running allegation by the Sanders campaign who has claimed that the DNC Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz had tipped the scales in favor of Hillary Clinton during the party’s presidential primary. They also reveal instances of media collusion as well as various questionable instances of fundraising.

Plotting Against Bernie Sanders

Debbie Wasserman Schultz and Bernie SandersIn an email from early May, DNC CFO Brad Marshall wrote about a plot to question Sanders’s religion. While not naming the Vermont senator directly, it talks about a man of “Jewish heritage” Marshall believes to be an atheist. It makes reference to voters in Kentucky and West Virginia, two states that were holding upcoming primary elections.

 “It might may no difference, but for KY and WVA can we get someone to ask his belief. Does he believe in a God. He had skated on saying he has a Jewish heritage. I think I read he is an atheist. This could make several points difference with my peeps. My Southern Baptist peeps would draw a big difference between a Jew and an atheist,” the email says.

“AMEN,” DNC Chief Executive Officer Amy K. Dacey replied.

Marshall did not respond to a request for comment. But he did tell The Intercept, which first noticed the email, “I do not recall this. I can say it would not have been Sanders. It would probably be about a surrogate.”

* * *

In an email that concerned Sanders out-polling Clinton in Rhode Island, where the state reportedly only had a fraction of voting stations open, one staffer took a contemptuous tone of Sanders’ supporters,  speaking about them more as a nuisance than an arm of the party. “If she outperforms this polling, the Bernie camp will go nuts and allege misconduct,” the staffer writes, “They’ll probably complain regardless, actually.”

Email: Re: Problem brewing in Rhode Island

* *  *

Another email shows similar ‘us and them’ language being directed at Sanders supporters. “We have the Sanders folks admitting that they lost fair and square, not because we ‘rigged’ anything,” the email said. “Clinton likely to win the state convention with a slim margin and we’ll send a release with final delegate numbers.”

* * *

An email titledBernie narrative sent by DNC National Press Secretary Mark Paustenbach to Miranda indicates that top officials in the party were trying to find an angle to disparage the Vermont senator in the media.

 “Wondering if there’s a good Bernie narrative for a story, which is that Bernie never ever had his act together, that his campaign was a mess,” Paustenbach wrote in the May 21 message. “Specifically, [Debbie Wasserman Schultz] had to call Bernie directly in order to get the campaign to do things because they’d either ignored or forgotten to something critical.”

“It’s not a DNC conspiracy, it’s because they never had their act together,” Paustenbach suggested.

* * *

Wasserman Schultz seemed to have already counted Sanders out of the race in a May 21 email, when there were still nine primaries to go. “This is a silly story,” the chairwoman said. “He isn’t going to be president.”

* * *

In another email, Paustenbach informed her that Sanders campaign manager Jeff Weaver said the candidate should continue to the convention, Wasserman Shultz said: “He is an ASS,” referring to Weaver. The chairwoman made her opinion clear about Sanders in an message concerning the candidate alleging that the party hadn’t been fair to him.

“Spoken like someone who has never been a member of the Democratic Party and has no understanding of what we do,” she said.

Collusion with Clinton and the media

A communication from late May laid out the pros and cons of DNC Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz accepting an invitation to CBS’s ‘Face the Nation’, and indicated that the DNC was plotting its moves based on what would be amenable to Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign.

Clinton campaign is a mess, they’re afraid of their own shadow and didn’t like that we engaged,” DNC communications director Luis Miranda wrote. “But they’ll be unhappy regardless, so better to get out there and do some strong pivots and land good punches on Trump. They can’t tell us NOT to do TV right now, we shouldn’t pull ourselves out until they actually do.”

“It’s clear that Bernie messed up and that we’re on the right side of history,” Miranda wrote in another bullet point, referring to the Nevada convention.

“Let’s take this offline,” Wasserman Schultz said in response. “I basically agree with you.”

Wasserman Schultz and Miranda brainstormed ideas to attack Sanders’ position on the Israel/Palestine conflict with her communications team in one thread, with Wasserman Schultz saying that “the Israel stuff is disturbing” in reference to Sanders’ platform committee appointees attempts to include language denouncing the occupation of Palestinian territory in the Democratic platform.

The chairwoman says that the idea “HFA,” or Hillary For America, originally proposed the idea of using Israel/Palestine as “an ideal issue to marginalize Sanders on,” suggesting that the DNC were exchanging communications about anti-Sanders strategies with the Clinton campaign.

* * *

The DNC also made a secret “agreement” with Kenneth Vogel, an influential report for Politico. An email from late April with the subject line “per agreement… any thoughts appreciated” shows that Vogel sent an advanced copy of a story about Hillary Clinton’s fundraising to the DNC even before his editor even saw it.

“Vogel gave me his story ahead of time/before it goes to his editors as long as I didn’t share it,” DNC press secretary Mark Paustenbach wrote to  Miranda. “Let me know if you see anything that’s missing and I’ll push back.”

The published version of the story did not appear to have any significant edits from and was not favorable to the Clinton campaign, but the sending of a full, advanced copy to the subject of a story is considered to be a violation of journalistic ethics.

A source with familiar with the interaction between Politico and the DNC told RT America that the message was sent to officials to ensure accuracy in the story, and that it would have been difficult to ask for piecemeal clarifications due to its complexity. The “agreement,” in fact, referred to the DNC promising not to pass the story to a more favorable news outlet who might publish before Politco.

* * *

Another email released in the Friday leak indicates that the DNC was in close contact with news websites on articles related to the Democratic Party. A Real Clear Politics article said that Sanders supporters were causing a lack of unity at the Nevada Democratic Convention.

“This headline needs to be changed,”  Wasserman Schultz wrote to Miranda.

“We need to push back… Patrice, what happened, DNC had nothing to do with this, right?” Miranda replied, referring to DNC Director of Party Affairs Patrice Taylor. Taylor responded saying that the article should be changed the event was run by the state party and the disorder “sounds like internal issues amount [sic] Sanders supporters.”

“Walter, please connect with Stewart and get him to push back,” Miranda wrote. The last email on the thread says: “Done. Article has been updated.”

* * *

Further evidence of the DNC’s extensive “content control” over mass media was revealed when Wasserman Schultz sent an email to NBC anchor Chuck Todd with the subject line “Chuck, this must stop,” and set up a time for the two to talk about MSNBC’s “Morning Joe” co-host Brzezinski Calls For Wasserman Schultz To Resign.

In another email chain, Miranda said Brzezinski was willing to talk with Wasserman Schultz. “She’s already served as a judge and jury without even bothering to talk to me. Not sure why I should trust having a conversation with her would make any difference. Or that she even matters, to be frank,” Wasserman Schultz wrote back after a brief exchange.

In response to a New York Times story about Sanders’s defiance in the wake May’s unruly Democratic state convention in Nevada, Wasserman Schultz wrote: “Every time they get caught doing something wrong, they use the tactic of blaming me. Not working this time.”

* * *

To be sure, there has been a long trail of instances that confirmed Wasserman Schultz’s clear and repeated bias, as noted most recently in DNC Head Threatened To Kick Michigan Mayor Out Of Debate For Cheering Bernie Sanders, however this is the first time primary sourced evidence has justified such allegations.

There seems to be clear bias in the aggregate as well. Searches of the database shows an apparent bias by DNC officials against Sanders just by how closely either campaign was monitored. A search of “Sanders supporters” yields 306 messages, while a search of “Clinton supporters” shows only 65 results. A search of “his campaign” yields 780 messages, while “her campaign” only brings up a paltry 120 results.

Questionable Fundraising

According to the Daily Beast, the DNC blocked Roy Black from hosting a potential President Obama for fundraising event. Black is the lawyer of billionaire and level-three sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, after reports on Epstein’s trial from The Daily Beast and other outlets. The email states the DNC would still allow Black to donate and attend future events.

In an email thread from May 12th of this year, titled “Host for POTUS in Miami,” DNC finance assistant Karina Marquez originally asked the committee’s vetting team to “vet the following folks for POTUS please.” The list of six possible hosts for the event included Black and his wife Lea, who is a star on Real Housewives of Miami.

“We were also asked to vet the following for POTUS hosting. The only issue is Roy Black,” DNC Deputy Compliance Officer Kevin Snowden wrote back. “New issues have come up since his last vet in February 2016.”

In a third email, DNC deputy finance director Laura Lopez clarified: “Roy Black has been submitted to potentially attend meetings with (Jim) Messina—there isn’t an event code yet. He and his wife co-hosted a fundraiser for POTUS in 2007, all the stories are new since then.” Messina is the CEO of the Messina Group political strategy firm and led President Obama’s reelection campaign in 2012.

“All the stories” refer to, in part, a 2011 Daily Beast investigation calledBehind Pedophile Jeffrey Epstein’s Sweetheart Deal which was cited in a follow-up story in the New York Daily News, and other articles that are later embedded into the email thread. To close off the chain, White House political advisor Robert E. “Bobby” Schmuck responded that he agreed with DNC compliance director Alan Reed. “No hosting, fine to attend,” he wrote.

President Obama attends in Miami for fundraiser fundraiser at the home of Robert Rubenstein, one of the five other names listed in the vetting email, on the weekend of June 3rd, and Black was allowed to attend.

Black’s client Epstein was convicted of soliciting sex from an underage girl in 2008 and paid out settlements to “scores of alleged victims who said he serially molested them.”  President Bill Clinton was said to have flown on Epstein’s private jet, dubbed the “Lolita Express,” up to 26 times, sometimes eschewing Secret Service protection.

There were further revelations

LAS VEGAS, NV - OCTOBER 08: Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks during a campaign rally at the Treasure Island Hotel & Casino on October 8, 2015 in Las Vegas, Nevada. During the rally, Trump said people were giving him credit for helping force Kevin McCarthy to bow out of the race for Speaker of the House. (Photo by Isaac Brekken/Getty Images)– Photo: Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump. The true nature of the DNC is being exposed by WikiLeaks. One of the most ridiculous items so far is this fake Craigslist ad to try and smear Donald Trump.

An internal email from DNC spokesman Eric Walker mocked a Buzzfeed news report analyzing the DNC and the Republican National Committee’s potentially weak cybersecurity.

Another email shows DNC Created Fake Craigslist Job Post Smearing Trump Organization made for women who wish to apply to jobs at one of Trump’s organizations. The fake position, titled a Honey Bunny, requires the prospective applicant to, among other tasks, refrain from gaining weight, be open to public humiliation and be alright with groping or kissing by her boss.

Another email between DNC national finance director Jordan Kaplan- and DNC’s Northern California finance director Erik Stowe has Kaplan coarsely describing a conference call with President Barack Obama on National Small Business Week as related to “small business shit.”

With the leaks coming just days before the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia it may reignite controversy over the DNC’s handling of Sanders as well as media “objectivity” and Democrat fundraising, three of the most sensitive issue plaguing the Democratic party, and could potentially lead to an exodus of disappointed Bernie supporters into Trump’s camp.

 

If Hillary is elected Julian Assange is going to die of old age in the Ecuador Embassy in London.   FREE JULIAN!

Resources:

On Friday Wikileaks released nearly 20,000 hacked emails it says are from the accounts of Democratic National Committee officials.

The documents were released just days before the Democratic Convention in Philadelphia.

The hacked emails revealed the DNC’s hatred for Bernie Sanders and his movement. The documents reveal the party’s hidden ties with the liberal media. The emails reveal the heights of dishonesty of the party infrastructure.

Now there is a list of a few of the most shocking emails released by Wikileaks.
The list was compiled thanks to the work of Reddit Bernie Sander supporters and Donald Trump supporters: 
Hat Tip Steve A.

DNC member killing horses for insurance money.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/578
DNC making fun of black womans name.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/17942
DNC telling each other, “I love you too. no homo.”
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/425
DNC requesting a pull an MSNBC commentary segment.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/6107
DNC controlling the narrative with time released stories.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/12450
DNC conspiring to create false Trump information and release with Reuters.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7102
DNC Hillary supporters infiltrated Sanders campaign.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/4776
DNC members going to complain to Morning Joe producers about his mentioning of a “rigged system.”
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/8806
DNC discussing their relationship with NBC/MSNBC/CNN and how to get better treatment.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/13762
Super PAC paying young voters to push back online Sanders supporters. Paid shills.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/8351

DNC Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz having an off the record meeting in MSNBC President Phil Griffin’s office.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/8867
DNC being messed with by the Washington Examiner.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/5304
DNC discussing Hillary’s policies as unfeasible.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/519
$200k for a private dinner with Hillary.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/17287
Offering to send interns out to fake a protest against the RNC.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/13366
Faking outrage and pasting in a video later.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7102
A mole working inside of the Sanders campaign.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7793
Bringing up Sanders religion to scare the southern voters.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/11508
Possible money laundering by moving money back and forth to bypass legal limits.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/6230
Politico writer sending his stories to the DNC before he sends them to his editor.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/10808
DNC feeding CNN the questions they want to be asked in interviews.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/4077
Creating a fake job ad for a Trump business to paint him as a sexist.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/12803
Hillary funding 2 million dollars in a cooridanted campaign in battleground states to win back the Senate.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7784
DNC is upset that their “allies” didn’t send in protestors so they sent out interns.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/13366
“Clinton Foundation quid-pro-quo worries are lingering, will be exploited in general.”
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/8351
$50,000 – Lawrence Benenson.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/14700
Daily Fundraising Report for the DNC.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/2875
Content & Social Strategy Discussion.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7512
Re: BuzzFeed and DNC connection.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/10933
Draft linking news articles about trump to use as negative press.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7586
Fwd: State Dinner Countdown.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/1901
Some chick is angry she hasn’t been given more stuff from the Obama administration…might be interesting to follow up.
Re: State Dinner Countdown.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/2946
Tim O’Brien: Trump’s Fixation on Inflating his Net Worth is a Cause for Concern.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/4496
RE: May Fundraising Numbers.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/5615
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/7720
Hillary for America Raised $26.4 Million in April, Began May with More than $30 Million Cash on Hand.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/13986
Re: For approval: Trump supporter graphics.
https://www.wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/788
Press talking points, states Hillary is their candidate, dated May 5, 2016. More of a smoking gun than the ambiguous talk in the emails themselves.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/fileid/5254/2728
Consultant calling megyn kelly a bimbo. Has PDF attached that says the same.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/6087
DNC trying to get away with violating the Hatch Act.
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/20148
Democrats using interns to organize fake “protests.”
https://wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/13830
RE: Action on DNC tomorrow (Immigration Raids).
https://www.wikileaks.org/dnc-emails/emailid/9736

Note on sourcing . We have, as usual, not revealed our sources. Anyone who claims to know who our source is has no credibility.

*******

Related:

WikiLeaks – Search the DNC email database

WikiLeaks releases 19,252 emails and 8,034 attachments from the …

Submit documents to WikiLeaks

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5 Revelations From The Leaked DNC Emails

This is Why Theory of Kremlin’s ‘Secret Oil War’ Makes no Sense

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DNC Chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz Is Finally Kicked to the Curb …

Jordan Kaplan- DNC Finance Director – Politico

5 Revelations From The Leaked DNC Emails

Bernie narrative

Wikileaks: DNC Finance Director Calls ‘Hamilton”s Lin-Manuel .

DNC chair won’t speak at Dem convention following Wikileaks fallout

Is Donald Trump a Democratic secret agent? – BBC News

Donald Trump Would Consider Alliance With Russia’s Vladimir Putin …

The Intercept

The Russian government

DNC Leaked Emails: Do We Let Pedophile’s Lawyer Host Fundr

Behind Pedophile Jeffrey Epstein’s Sweetheart Deal

DNC Leaked Emails: Do We Let Pedophiles Lawyer Host Fundraiser?

DNC emails: Behind the scenes look at care of … – Charlotte Observer

Snowden – Breaking News Bangladesh

chuck todd & liberal msm in back pocket of democratic party

New York Daily News – Conspiracy Daily Update

Download raw source – WikiLeaks

How the DNC worked State Officials against Bernie…DNC ratifies

The Complete Bushisms – Slate

President Obama Stops Into Miami « CBS Miami

Obama urges Democrats in Miami to ‘run scared’

DNC emails: Behind the scenes look at care of big donors – Fresno Bee

The Messina Group

Jim Messina

Obama Crony Jim Messina Is in the Empire Business

chuck todd & liberal msm in back pocket of democratic party

OMG. Wikileaks new DNC leak reveals billionaire environmentalist …

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Democrat’s SICK Plan For Donald Trump…

WikiLeaks Release Clinton Foundation E-Mails &

DNC on track to be the most expensive Demo

DNC emails will be the biggest scandal in a generation

Sources: US officials warned DNC of hack months before the party

DNCleaks confirm dnc chose Ms Inevitable

 

Vivisection: The Practice of Animal Experimentation

Tags

Straight from the Horse’s Heart

Call to Action: Complaint – Medical Malpractice Related to Unnecessary Surgery

“We are all, collectively, disgusted and dismayed at the concept of the Oregon State University (OSU) partnering with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to conduct cruel and unnecessary sterilization experiments on federally protected wild fillies and mares.  It is unconscionable and we do NOT want it to proceed and we surely don’t want to watch/observe it.  We want to STOP IT!!!

Many times our readers ask what they can do to help, how can they make a difference, what can be done to stop the madness…well here is your chance to speak out.

Printed below is a letter, minus your personal contact information, that you can update, print out, snail mail or email electronically to OSU and even cut and paste into the United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s web form page.  We also have provided a link where you can download the letter in Word along with the contact information.

So have at it and please proceed with haste; enter your contact information and let it fly…the wild mares are running out of time.

If you need any assistance, feel free to contact me, personally, at rt@rtfitch.com or rtfitch@wildhorsefreedomfederation.org.

Get after it, my friends, spread the word…you have the tools!” ~ R.T.


Send To:

1.) Oregon State Veterinary Medical Examining Board
800 NE Oregon Street, Ste. 407
Portland, Oregon 97232

ovmeb.info@state.or.us

Attn: Veterinary Board Investigator

Re: Leon Peilstick, DVM

https://www.oregon.gov/OVMEB/Pages/howtofile.aspx
2.) United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (web form)

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalwelfare/complaint-form


July 22, 2016

Oregon State Veterinary Medical Examining Board
800 NE Oregon Street, Ste. 407
Portland, Oregon 97232

ovmeb.info@state.or.us

Attn: Veterinary Board Investigator

Re: Complaint – Medical Malpractice Related to Unnecessary Surgery

Medical Malpractice Related to Unnecessary Surgery

By Law Offices of Barry G. Doyle, P.C.

Unnecessary surgery is a type of medical malpractice. A form of medical malpractice that has become an alarming and growing problem in the U.S. is unnecessary surgery.

This type of malpractice can lead to life-threatening complications and completely alter an individual’s life. When a surgeon performs an unnecessary surgery, it is an act of medical negligence. Doctors should take every precaution before deciding to prescribe any type of invasive surgery to a patient. When there is a failure to do this and it results in unnecessary surgery, they may be held legally liable. Unnecessary surgery can lead to serious or even life-threatening complications. Some of the risks include hemorrhaging, damage to organs, infection, amputation and anesthesia errors. Putting animals through unnecessary surgery where they face complications that could significantly alter their life is a form of medical negligence.”

The facilities in violation include the Oregon State University (OSU) & the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). BLM facility locations are the Burns Oregon and Hines Oregon wild horse holding locations but this complaint is in conjunction with any and all other government or private facility under direction of the BLM.

The Oregon State licensed veterinarian in violation of this medical malpractice related to unnecessary surgery is Leon Pelistick; and others – names of which are unknown to me at this time.

Name: PIELSTICK, LEON G DVM
Location: BURNS OR 97720
License Type: Veterinarian
License #: 1282
License Status: Active
Initially Licensed: 7/20/1973
License Expires: 12/31/2016
 

The United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in conjunction with the Oregon State University, is planning a cruel and completely unnecessary sterilization “research” which includes dangerous experimentation on pregnant wild horse mares. The surgeries will be overseen by the University’s Veterinary School. In coordination with BLM, veterinarians have been assembled by Oregon State University (OSU) to conduct these unnecessary and dangerous surgeries. Three additional veterinarians licensed in the State of Oregon will conduct the procedures.

Dr. Charles Mayo, of the famous Mayo Clinic, stated:

“I abhor vivisection … it should be abolished … I know of no discovery that could not have been obtained without it…”

What is vivisection? Vivisection is the practice of animal experimentation. This can include administering drugs, infecting with diseases, poisoning for toxicity testing, brain damaging, maiming, binding, and other painful and invasive procedures.

Don Moore, DVM is a respected Veterinarian who has extensive knowledge about wild horses and wild horse behavior. He states, “The three surgical procedures for permanent sterilization of mares described in the mare sterilization research project, ovariectomy via colopotomy, tubal ligation and hysteroscopically-guided laser ablation of the oviduct papilla all require certain pre-operative and post-operative considerations for aseptic surgical protocol and pain management.

Pre-operative bloodwork and a thorough examination are always performed on the relatively few domestic mares which are spayed. Other options other than surgery are always considered first due to the risk involved with any of these procedures. Aseptic surgical protocol and pain management is the standard of care for each and every surgery or the performing veterinarian would undoubtedly be sued by the owner and reprimanded by the state veterinary board.

Wild mares will not have their surgeries performed in a sterile surgical suite. Their surgery will be performed in a non-sterile chute or standing in stocks at the local BLM facility without the benefit of the routine standard of care. Unlike domestic mare who are easily handled, the very handling of these wild mares presents additional pre-operative stressors, which cannot be mitigated.

The BLM does not possess the statutory authority to treat America’s wild free roaming mares as research test subjects to perform surgeries which are not the standard care for domestic mares.

This type of trial and error butchery is a violation of the least feasible management clause of the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burros Act.

Mass experimental surgeries performed under these conditions outlined in the proposal amounts to negligence and abuse. I believe experiments such as this proposal are unethical, inhumane and unwarranted. Any veterinarian(s) who would perform these experiments is in violation of the oath taken as a graduating veterinarian, ‘above all else, do no harm’. If a veterinarian in private practice performed these procedures in the manner described in this document, they would most certainly be reported to and disciplined by the regulatory board of that state. Discipline would likely mean suspension of that veterinarian’s license to practice in that state.”

Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, is the human infliction of suffering or harm upon any nonhuman animal, for purposes other than self-defense or survival. Experimenting on wild horses and burros is cruel, inhumane and absolutely unnecessary. BLM and Oregon State’s cruel, inhumane torture of and experimentation on our wild horses is absolutely not acceptable. In no way does this sterilization proposal conform to the minimally intrusive management on the range that the Congressionally Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act of 1971 demands to protect these wild creatures.

 Sterilization is a term referring to any process that eliminates (removes) or kills (deactivates) all forms of life.  Sterilizing a wild horse or burro herd is the opposite of the intent of the 1971 Wild Free-roaming Horse and Burro Act (WFRHBA) and it fails to analyze an alternative that follows the Congressional Act that states, the wild horses and burros shall be protected from capture, branding, harassment, or death’. It would be anomalous to infer that by authorizing the custodian of the wild free roaming horses and burros to “manage” them, Congress intended to permit the animals’ custodian to subvert the primary policy of the statute by harassing and experimenting on the very animals that congress sought to protect from being killed and harassed and captured and removed from the wild.

The thinking, feeling animals who are used in experiments are treated like nothing more than disposable laboratory equipment. They are not only physically traumatized but they are psychologically traumatized and all of this is done unnecessarily. Animal experimentation is an inherently unethical practice. Under conceptual approaches to animal cruelty, performing unnecessary experiments or demonstrations upon animals that cause them substantial pain or distress may be viewed as cruelty.

There is nothing sterile about a holding facility, and these are wild mares that are going to be absolutely terrified by being confined in this chute and having an incision made in their vaginas so the veterinarian’s arm can reach in and rip out their ovaries. The possibility of the mares panicking despite the sedation is high, and they could break their necks in the chute. They can also die from sedation, or their hearts can stop from sheer terror. The sterilization procedures that BLM is proposing to conduct on federally protected wild mares are dangerous, costly and impractical for use in the field, including any BLM holding facility due to the serious health risks they pose to the horses and their unborn foals. BLM’s cruel, inhumane torture of and experimentation on our wild horses is absolutely not acceptable and in no way conforms to the minimally intrusive management on the range that the Wild Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act of 1971 was passed to ensure.

More information:

https://eplanning.blm.gov/epl-front-office/projects/nepa/56292/75587/83697/Decision_Record_-_May_2016.pdf

Your action is urgently needed to prevent the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) plans to conduct cruel and unethical and unnecessary sterilization experiments on wild horses, including painful and life-threatening surgeries on pregnant mares and young fillies in non-sterile environments. The first sterilization experiments are slated to occur any day now in partnership with Oregon State University and under the direction of Leon Pelistick, DVM. Unless halted, these unnecessary and brutal experiments will begin immediately.

Sincerely,


Send To:

1) Oregon State Veterinary Medical Examining Board 800 NE Oregon Street, Ste. 407 Portland, Oregon 97232 ovmeb.info@state.or.us Attn: Veterinary Board Investigator Re: Leon Peilstick, DVM
https://www.oregon.gov/OVMEB/Pages/howtofile.aspx
  2) United States Department of Agriculture  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (web form)
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalwelfare/complaint-form

To download in Word:  https://app.box.com/s/5ivxbqs9kpdsxl1d4qkf5i3l46bmvjfx

 

Resources:

Wild Horse Freedom Federation

Call to Action: Complaint – Medical Malpractice Related to ..

What is Vivisection? | About NEAVS

OVMEB How to file a complaint – oregon.gov

Veterinary Medical Examining Board About Us –

State of Oregon: Veterinary Medical Examining…

Pending Processor Applications – Oregon

 

Hospitals Prepare for Mass Emergency at the Republican and the Democratic National Convention

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, , , ,

RNC hosp– Photo: Emergency personnel wait with stretchers at the emergency entrance to Orlando Regional Medical Center hospital following the shooting at Pulse Orlando nightclub on June 12, 2016.

Hospitals Increasingly Anticipate Mass Shootings

During the Emergency Nurses Association‘s annual meeting in October at the Orlando Orange County Convention Center, 40 nurses and 100 actor volunteers simulated a to prepared for a Mass-Casualty terrorist attack before 3,000 people. Please read that paragraph again. What a coincidence!

During the Nurses Association’s exercise, a mock shooter blew himself up, killing and injuring 100 local volunteer actors.

There was blood, screams and moans, wounds and dead people – all fake – to create a “realistic training exercise.”

The association had “no way of knowing” that a nearby nightclub just eight months later and 10 miles away would become the site of the “deadliest mass shooting in American history,” (except Wounded Knee and Waco) but the training illustrated the growing recognition by health care providers that treating victims of bombings and mass shootings is becoming increasingly commonplace in U.S. hospitals.

ORLANDO MASSACRE– Photo: Orlando terrorist drill.

“Hospitals are preparing and recognizing the need to prepare for these kinds of events,” says Dr. Jay Kaplan, president of the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). “It’s not a matter of if, it’s a matter of when. That’s a sad commentary in that it’s a reality.”

Even Orlando Regional Medical Center, a hospital that treated 44 victims of the mass shooting that occurred at Pulse nightclub had been preparing for such an attack.

“We do weekly trauma simulation, regular all-hospital preps, as well as city-wide simulations that cover all possible situations,” a hospital spokesperson posted via social media.

The gunman at the nightclub, identified as Omar Mateen, killed 49 people and wounded 53 others. The details surrounding the shooting are still emerging, but there is growing speculation that many of those killed and injured were from police gun fire.


os-emergency-nurses-mass-casuad-jpg“This collaboration between hospitals and law enforcement has grown, says Dr. David Callaway, who is on the American College of Emergency Physicians’ (ACEP) High Threat Emergency Casualty Care Task Force . “Hospitals are taking a much more aggressive stance with law enforcement to get [officers] on scene during mass shootings,” he says.

But health care providers are looking for better ways to treat victims of these mass attacks. Kaplan, who is also vice chairman of emergency services for Ochsner Health System in New Orleans, says research is needed. “The military knows how to deal with these incidents, but there hasn’t been a lot of knowledge and training in our hospitals to deal with this,” he says. “We need to better understand these kinds of injuries and deaths for these kinds of civilian casualties.”

Callaway, who is also director of Operational and Disaster Medicine (ODM) at Carolinas Medical Center in Charlotte, North Carolina, agrees. “If you were to ask me for the major preventable cause of death, I would say I don’t have any data,” he says. “We need a system in place to gather and analyze this data. The lack of this information hampers our ability nationally to effectively train and equip first responders and trauma professionals.”

Emergency doctors and nurses now expect to treat victims of terrorism

MetroHealth Ohio– Photo: The steel structural beams are now in place on top of the Emergency entrance at MetroHealth’s main campus. The construction is slated for completion a few weeks before Cleveland hosts the Republican National Convention the week of July, 18 2016.

Eight months before Cleveland hosts the Republican National Convention, local hospitals are working to prepare for whatever the large and high-profile event may throw their way.

Hospital operators, along with public health and public safety officials, are plotting a strategy to maintain normal operations, while also preparing to accommodate for as many as 50,000 extra people who will travel to Cleveland during the convention. The chief medical officers for the Cleveland Clinic, MetroHealth, St. Vincent Charity Medical Center and University Hospitals have been holding regular training’s to coordinate resources for the RNC, scheduled for the this week (July 18, 2016).

“Who knows what this will bring,” said Dr. David Perse, CEO of St. Vincent Charity Medical Center. “We’re just trying to be prepared for whatever comes.”

Health officials are preparing for scenarios ranging from the mundane to the catastrophic.

Also, emergency medical services will need to reconfigure their protocols for transporting patients to hospitals to account for security measures and crowds that may make it difficult to travel around downtown.

And then there are volatile circumstances that uniquely apply to the RNC and other high-profile, large events. Police could pepper-spray protesters, requiring a mass-decontamination. Or, either by accident or through an intentional act, hospitals may need to deal with a wide-scale disaster resulting in numerous casualties.

Marek Owca, director of emergency management for MetroHealth, said he expects a “flawless, beautiful convention.”

“But we’ll still be ready for anything less than that,” he said.

If something does happen, MetroHealth will be a little more prepared than usual. That’s because the healthcare system plans to finish an expansion of its Critical Care Pavilion, the first phase in a nearly $1 billion long-term construction plan, a few weeks before the RNC began.

That means for the short period of time after the expansion is complete and before the old space is decommissioned, MetroHealth will have double its normal ICU capacity.

“If there’s a need for complex, monitored care, we’ll have a surge capacity,” Owca said.

Orlando-Active-shooter-simulation-noon– Photo: Mock mass casualty event/drill.

As part of its ongoing emergency preparation efforts, MetroHealth in June sent a team of senior employees to a federal facility in Alabama for disaster training.

Owca said he expects local health officials will receive similar training geared toward the RNC — either in Alabama or here — early next year.

“The value of that is we will be able to learn from the same playbook,” Owca said.

Perse, the CEO of St. Vincent Charity Medical Center, said his hospital often is overlooked in favor of the other larger and more celebrated facilities in town.

But he said since St. Vincent is the closest hospital to downtown, where convention activities will be concentrated, it could be thrust into an unusually prominent role.

“We are very well aware that we are the most proximal major institution to the event,” Perse said. “For that reason, we have already given notice to our employees that during the week of the convention, we’re suspending our paid time off scheduling during that period.”

“Due to the presence of as many as 15,000 credentialed members of the media, as well as high-profile politicians and other dignitaries, anything short of a perfect response could result in negative national or international attention, he said.

“We have our concern focused on providing service in a quality way … But I guess when you soberly look at the issues, there’s reason to be concerned about the reputation of St. Vincent Charity Hospital” and how that might affect the reputation of Cleveland overall,  he said.

University Hospitals is preparing to make sure that care for its regular patients is not disrupted due to the convention. Its location near University Circle and its access to highways east of downtown should help minimize that, according to Chief Medical Officer Michael Anderson.

RNC police“The citizens of Northeast Ohio and the delegates of the RNC now will have the benefit of having two level 1 trauma centers in town,” Anderson said. “I think that  means we really will provide care across the continuum, goodness forbid that something should happen.”

Anderson said local hospitals have dealt with large events in the past, but nothing on the scale of the RNC. He said he hopes the media spotlight will present Cleveland with an opportunity to showcase its strength as a medical center to RNC delegates.

“Obviously when they come to Cleveland, the delegates are very, very busy, and they want to just nominate their candidate and finalize their platform,” Anderson said. “But Northeast Ohio has such a rich heritage of biomedical care and research and medicine … We just want to make sure that we can show off and demonstrate our great resources here.”

Cleveland Clinic is prepari for a number of “RNC-related scenarios,” including “staging an emergency-related evacuation,” safely transporting a dignitary for treatment or even figuring out the event’s impact on parking, according to Chief of Protective Services Gordon Snow.

“Planning for the convention from a law-enforcement standpoint has involved a number of different agencies,” said Snow, whose department also oversees the Clinic’s police force.

“Everybody’s coming to the table, and I know it will be a multi-state event, but it seems like they’re doing a really good job on communication, preparation and coordination, from the mayor’s office on down.”

Officials with the administration of Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson declined an interview request for this story.

 

 

 

 

** Both Cleveland and Philadelphia has an incident command center, where a central authority will make top-line medical decisions in the event of an emergency

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2016 Training and Exercise Plan – Ohio Emergency Manage

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Registration Brochure and Agenda – IPHA

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New Cleveland RNC Police & Military Docs: FEMA Base To Setup At NASA

Video: ACEP president calls for improved emergency response

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Photos of Drill before Recent Terror Attack

The Dark Truth Behind the Brussels Attacks

 

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